urban water Articles

  • Urban Lakes

    BritishFlora's expertise in delivery of cost-effective Remediation of Urban Lake. For years fish had been dying in the dirty, silted waters of Bracknell Mill Pond. When Bracknell Town Council, in partnership with Thames Water and the Environment Agency, resolved to transform this operational flood storage lagoon into a flagship wildlife and recreation resource, no one was more pleased ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban Runoff

    Urban runoff is surface runoff of rainwater created by urbanization. This runoff is a major source of water pollution in many parts of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Demand management in urban water supply

    Since the 1930s, the drinking water supply of the Rabat-Casablanca coastal area has depended on water transfers from groundwater, from Maamora, and surface water, from the Bou Regreg Basin. Assessments carried out during the 1980s, based on patterns of water use at that time, showed that by 2010, transfers ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the urban water use model for urban water use management purposes

    The aim of this work is to present an application of the urban water use (UWU) model, which is a support decision tool to define the best group of efficient water use measures for UWU management purposes. Therefore, the UWU was developed under integrated urban water management (IUWM) and strategic planning principles to promote a systemic approach for decision taking. The IUWM considers the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban-Water Harmony model to evaluate the urban water management

    Water resources in many urban areas are under enormous stress due to large-scale urban expansion and population explosion. The decision-makers are often faced with the dilemma of either maintaining high economic growth or protecting water resources and the environment. Simple criteria of water supply and drainage do not reflect the requirement of integrated urban water management. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water security and sustainability in urban India

    The rapid growth of population combined with rising levels of consumption and pollution has increased water insecurity in urban India. The depleting water sources on the one hand, higher financial and technological costs to refine and transport water from far off sources on the other, leave limited possibilities to augment the water supply in the near future. Climate change may further adversely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Alternatives for safe water provision in urban and peri-urban slums

    In response to rapid urbanization throughout the global South, urban and peri-urban slums are expanding at an alarming rate. Owing to inadequate financial and institutional resources at the municipal level, conventional approaches for safe water provision with centralized treatment and distribution infrastructure have been unable to keep pace with rapidly growing demand. In the absence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban water management and planning: urban sanitation policies and an emerging institutional structure

    Brazilian urban politics for the last two decades have been marked by the emergence of organised sectors of civil society who progressively reclaimed their roles as subjects. Both society and state were substantially transformed in such process, and urban and environmental policies, sanitation included, based on citizens' participation are an important and visible outcome. Participatory ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban Hydroinformatics: Data, Models and Decision Support for Integrated Urban Water Management

    Urban Hydroinformatics: Data, Models and Decision Support for Integrated Urban Water Management is an introduction to hydroinformatics applied to urban water management. It shows how to make the best use of information and communication technologies for manipulating information to manage water in the urban environment. The book covers the acquisition and analysis of data from urban water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A dynamic urban development model designed for purposes in the field of urban water management

    Urban drainage systems are a critical part of city infrastructure. Population growth and urban development can put severe pressure on these systems, especially due to sealing of surfaces and land use change. For a comprehensive adaptation of urban water infrastructure to constantly changing and evolving systems, a detailed simulation of the dynamics in city development is crucial. This can be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nourishing urbanism: a case for a new urban paradigm

    True sustainability demands that we seek to more than 'prop up' traditional approaches to our environment; rather, it requires that we redress current shortcomings in the planning and design of our urban environment at both bio-regional and local scales. Nourishing Urbanism proposes a shift in the urban and non-urban paradigm relating to energy, water and food; all face significant ...

  • A framework for considering externalities in urban water asset management

    Urban communities rely on a complex network of infrastructure assets to connect them to water resources. There is considerable capital investment required to maintain, upgrade and extend this infrastructure. As the remit of a water utility is broader than just financial considerations, infrastructure investment decisions must be made in light of environmental and societal issues. One way of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban climate change impact and Istanbul Water Consensus

    Climate change impacts especially on major cities of the world are expected to cause inter–sectoral interactions concerning environmental, socio–economic, cultural, and technological developments and their implementations. This paper presents a methodology to predict future monthly rainfall amounts and surface runoff volumes on decadal basis from 2000–2050 and accordingly interpretation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste not, want not: The potential for urban water conservation in California

    This report has been several years in themaking, in part because of the challenges ofcollecting data, developing methods andapproaches, and assembling the pieces, and in partbecause of the difficulty of finding funders who trulyunderstand the importance of conservation andefficiency for water policy and planning. Many peopleat the Pacific Institute played a role in preparing thisanalysis and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Energy Efficiency for Urban Water and Wastewater Services

    Electricity is a critical input for delivering municipal water and wastewater services. Electricity costs are usually between 5% - 30% of total operating costs among water and wastewater utilities (WWUs) worldwide. The share is usually higher in developing countries and can go up to 40% or more in some countries (e.g. India and Bangladesh). Such energy costs translate into high and often ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic market instruments and sustainable urban water use

    Water is an economic good and as such has as a value to a spectrum of users, who are willing to pay for it. Consumers will use water until the marginal costs exceed the marginal benefits from use of an additional cubic meter of water. Similarly, producers will supply water until the marginal costs exceed the marginal return of an additional cubic meter of water supplied. This article surveys the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tariff structures for water and sanitation urban households: a primer

    Water tariffs are a powerful management tool. Indeed, they can be seen as a conceptually simple way to promote multiple, possibly conflicting, objectives. Those trade-offs cause discrepancies between stakeholders and may produce undesirable results. The residential urban domain is particularly sensible to those predicaments. To shed some light on the matter, this paper carries out a literature ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a simplified urban water balance model (WABILA)

    During the last decade, water sensitive urban design (WSUD) has become more and more accepted. However, there is not any simple tool or option available to evaluate the influence of these measures on the local water balance. To counteract the impact of new settlements, planners focus on mitigating increases in runoff through installation of infiltration systems. This leads to an increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing performance in the management of the urban water cycle

    This paper proposes the use of directional distance functions and Data Envelopment Analysis techniques to assess technical efficiency in the provision of the different stages of the urban water cycle in Andalusia, a Southern European region. Evaluating performance in the management of specific stages of the urban water cycle provides utility managers and regulating authorities with relevant ...


    By IWA Publishing

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