urban water system Articles

  • How To Handle Chemical Spills & Cleanups

    FAST-ACT is designed for liquid and vapor chemical releases, but the chemicals it attacks does not need to be limited to what we traditionally think of as a chemical spill. Toxic and noxious chemicals can come from a variety of sources such as waste water, decomposition, household chemicals, and animals. Since FAST-ACT can be applied to liquid spill or vapor release enabling Emergency Responders ...


    By Fast-ACT

  • Role of decentralised systems in the transition of urban water systems

    Provision of conventional centralised water, wastewater and stormwater systems for urban municipal services has been common practice for over 100 years. These systems center around the protection of human health, ensuring reliable water supply and minimizing flooding; often with minimal consideration of the environmental and ecological impacts associated with fresh water extraction and wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adapting urban water systems to climate change

    This handbook on adaptation of urban water systems to climate change is an initiative of the SWITCH project1 and the result of a collaboration between ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, the International Water Association (IWA) and the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education. It draws on the research and findings from the SWITCH1 and PREPARED2 EU Framework Programme projects. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Applying incentives to increase revenue water in urban systems

    The study utilises cross-sectional data from utilities of the National Water and Sewerage Corporation of Uganda to test application of extrinsic incentive theory on non-revenue water (NRW) reduction. Applying a multiple regression model, we find that the effect of level of incentive payments on revenue water (billing efficiency) depends on the amounts of staff inputs, service coverage and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancing resilience in urban water systems for future cities

    In future cities, urban water systems (UWSs) should be designed not only for safe provision of services but should also be resilient to emerging or unexpected threats that lead to catastrophic system failure impacts and consequences. Resilience can potentially be built into UWSs by implementing a range of strategies, for example by embedding redundancy and flexibility in system design, or by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adaptable urban water demand prediction system

    In this work, identification of 24-hours-ahead water demand prediction model based on historical water demand data is considered. As part of the identification procedure, the input variable selection algorithm based on partial mutual information is implemented. It is shown that meteorological data on a daily basis are not relevant for the water demand prediction in the sense of partial mutual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the urban water use model for urban water use management purposes

    The aim of this work is to present an application of the urban water use (UWU) model, which is a support decision tool to define the best group of efficient water use measures for UWU management purposes. Therefore, the UWU was developed under integrated urban water management (IUWM) and strategic planning principles to promote a systemic approach for decision taking. The IUWM considers the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision support system for metabolism-based transition to urban water systems of tomorrow

    A decision support system (DSS) tool for the assessment of intervention strategies in an urban water system (UWS) with an integral simulation model called ‘WaterMet2’ is presented. Lists of intervention options and performance indicators are exposed by the DSS for the user to define intervention strategies and metrics for their comparison. The quantitative and risk-based metrics are calculated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternatives for safe water provision in urban and peri-urban slums

    In response to rapid urbanization throughout the global South, urban and peri-urban slums are expanding at an alarming rate. Owing to inadequate financial and institutional resources at the municipal level, conventional approaches for safe water provision with centralized treatment and distribution infrastructure have been unable to keep pace with rapidly growing demand. In the absence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A dynamic urban development model designed for purposes in the field of urban water management

    Urban drainage systems are a critical part of city infrastructure. Population growth and urban development can put severe pressure on these systems, especially due to sealing of surfaces and land use change. For a comprehensive adaptation of urban water infrastructure to constantly changing and evolving systems, a detailed simulation of the dynamics in city development is crucial. This can be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban Hydroinformatics: Data, Models and Decision Support for Integrated Urban Water Management

    Urban Hydroinformatics: Data, Models and Decision Support for Integrated Urban Water Management is an introduction to hydroinformatics applied to urban water management. It shows how to make the best use of information and communication technologies for manipulating information to manage water in the urban environment. The book covers the acquisition and analysis of data from urban water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of biofilms in simulated drinking water and urban heat supply systems

    Biofouling and biocorrosion were studied in drinking water and heating water systems by forming biofilms on steel and on polymethylmetacrylate. In the drinking water system, biofilm development was more significant on corroded surfaces, suggesting that in these conditions they were largely protected from disinfection, probably because of sheltering and chlorine demand by corrosion products. In ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The application of a Web-geographic information system for improving urban water cycle modelling

    Research in urban water management has experienced a transition from traditional model applications to modelling water cycles as an integrated part of urban areas. This includes the interlinking of models of many research areas (e.g. urban development, socio-economy, urban water management). The integration and simulation is realized in newly developed frameworks (e.g. DynaMind and OpenMI) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of rainwater harvesting on centralized urban water supply systems

    The potential effect of widespread rainwater harvesting practices on mains water demand and quality management are investigated for three different types of urban areas characterized by different roof area to water demand ratios. Two rainfall patterns are considered with similar average annual depths but very different temporal distributions. Supply reliability and the extent of reliance on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision Analysis Applications for the Sustainability of Global Urban Water Resources and Drainage Systems

    ABSTRACTWater is one of the most vital elements needed for life. In many countries water supplies, especially for critical drinking water, are either being depleted or polluted. Too often these problems are magnified due to the lack of reliable drainage systems that provide proper stormwater and sanitary sewage collection and treatment of human generated wastewater. ...

  • Major urban water and wastewater systems in Minoan Crete, Greece

    During the Minoan era a number of remarkable developments occurred on the Greek island of Crete which have been widely recognized. However, one of the salient characteristics was the architectural and hydraulic function of its water supply, sewerage, and drainage systems in the Minoan palaces, cities, and other settlements. It might be inferred, therefore, that Minoan master craftsmen in Bronze ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A socio-technical model to explore urban water systems scenarios

    This article reports on the ongoing work and research involved in the development of a socio-technical model of urban water systems. Socio-technical means the model is not so much concerned with the technical or biophysical aspects of urban water systems, but rather with the social and institutional implications of the urban water infrastructure and vice versa. A socio-technical model, in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On data requirements for calibration of integrated models for urban water systems

    Modeling of integrated urban water systems (IUWS) has seen a rapid development in recent years. Models and software are available that describe the process dynamics in sewers, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), receiving water systems as well as at the interfaces between the submodels. Successful applications of integrated modeling are, however, relatively scarce. One of the reasons for this ...


    By IWA Publishing

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