urban water treatment system Articles

  • Urban Hydrology

    The provision and disposal of water for urban populations is as old as the development of cities themselves. Unrestrained development has made the task ever more difficult and hydrologists and civil engineers face constant pressures to stay on top of the challenges of providing sufficient supplies and adequate treatment/disposal of effluents. Urban areas have long existed as centres of trade, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the urban water use model for urban water use management purposes

    The aim of this work is to present an application of the urban water use (UWU) model, which is a support decision tool to define the best group of efficient water use measures for UWU management purposes. Therefore, the UWU was developed under integrated urban water management (IUWM) and strategic planning principles to promote a systemic approach for decision taking. The IUWM considers the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Recovery in Urban Wastewater Treatment on Global Scale

    ABSTRACT The lack of proper wastewater treatment results in production of CO2 and CH4 without the opportunity for carbon sequestration and energy recovery, with deleterious effects for global warming. Without extending wastewater treatment to all urban areas worldwide, CO2 and CH4 emissions associated with wastewater discharges could reach the equivalent of 3.13·105 tCO2·d-1 in 2025, with ...

  • Alternatives for safe water provision in urban and peri-urban slums

    In response to rapid urbanization throughout the global South, urban and peri-urban slums are expanding at an alarming rate. Owing to inadequate financial and institutional resources at the municipal level, conventional approaches for safe water provision with centralized treatment and distribution infrastructure have been unable to keep pace with rapidly growing demand. In the absence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk perceptions and receptivity of Australian urban water practitioners to stormwater harvesting and treatment systems

    Stormwater harvesting and treatment will be critical systems within water-sensitive cities. Although water practitioners acknowledge the importance of developing stormwater as a water source, their risk perceptions might be barriers. Risk perceptions can be understood within a receptivity framework, with awareness, association, acquisition and application components. In this study, water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision Analysis Applications for the Sustainability of Global Urban Water Resources and Drainage Systems

    ABSTRACTWater is one of the most vital elements needed for life. In many countries water supplies, especially for critical drinking water, are either being depleted or polluted. Too often these problems are magnified due to the lack of reliable drainage systems that provide proper stormwater and sanitary sewage collection and treatment of human generated wastewater. ...

  • On data requirements for calibration of integrated models for urban water systems

    Modeling of integrated urban water systems (IUWS) has seen a rapid development in recent years. Models and software are available that describe the process dynamics in sewers, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), receiving water systems as well as at the interfaces between the submodels. Successful applications of integrated modeling are, however, relatively scarce. One of the reasons for this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combining multimedia models with integrated urban water system models for micropollutants

    Integrated urban water system (IUWS) modeling aims at assessing the quality of the surface water receiving the urban emissions through sewage treatment plants, combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and stormwater drainage systems. However, some micropollutants tend to appear in more than one environmental medium (air, water, sediment, soil, groundwater, etc.). In this work, a multimedia fate and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Report on carbon sensitive urban water futures

    The challenge of supplying water and energy required for food production and development while mitigating climate change and adapting to its consequences has been termed the Energy Water Nexus. Water, energy, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change are interlinked through a series ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Constructed wetlands for urban grey water recycling

    Three differently configured constructed wetlands: a Horizontal Flow Reed Bed (HFRB), Vertical Flow Reed Bed (VFRB) and a novel constructed wetland (the Green Roof Water Recycling System (GROW) patent number GB 2375761) were compared for treatment of weak organic strength domestic grey water for reuse over a period of nine months. Influent and effluent were characterized in terms of standard ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Substance flow analysis as a tool for urban water management

    Human activity results in the production of a wide range of pollutants that can enter the water cycle through stormwater or wastewater. Among others, heavy metals are still detected in high concentrations around urban areas and their impact on aquatic organisms is of major concern. In this study, we propose to use a substance flow analysis as a tool for heavy metals management in urban areas. We ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Institutional trajectory for diffusing on-site wastewater treatment in urban China

    Urban water scarcity has been an issue for a long time in China while water pollution has attracted more and more attention over the last two decades. Recently, on-site wastewater treatment (OST) has been proposed as a meaningful alternative to deal with both water pollution and water scarcity in cities in a more sustainable way. However, the diffusion of such an OST system is still slow and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of wastewater treatment plant within integrated urban wastewater models

    In the federal state of Hesse in Germany the application of an integrated software modelling framework is becoming part of the planning process to attain legal approval for the operation of combined sewer systems. The software allows for parallel simulation of flow and water quality routing in the sewer system and in receiving rivers. It combines existing pollution load model approaches with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Modelling the catchment-scale environmental impacts of wastewater treatment in an urban sewage system for CO2 emission assessment

    Water shortages and water pollution are a global problem. Increases in population can have further acute effects on water cycles and on the availability of water resources. Thus, wastewater management plays an important role in mitigating negative impacts on natural ecosystems and human environments and is an important area of research. In this study, we modelled catchment-scale hydrology, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Saline sewage treatment and source separation of urine for more sustainable urban water management

    While energy consumption and its associated carbon emission should be minimized in wastewater treatment, it has a much lower priority than human and environmental health, which are both closely related to efficient water quality management. So conservation of surface water quality and quantity are more important for sustainable development than green house gas (GHG) emissions per se. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Semicentralised supply and treatment systems: integrated infrastructure solutions for fast growing urban areas

    Currently, the development of the world population is characterised by two trends: absolute population growth and rapid urbanisation. Especially rapid urbanisation, taking place in Asia, Latin America and Africa, poses major pressure on the affected regions. The development of e.g. Asian countries today is stamped by a combination of urbanisation with high economic growth rates. Conventional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A two-stage soil infiltration system incorporated with heterotrophic denitrification (TSISHD) for urban runoff treatment

    To enhance denitrification performance of soil infiltration, a soil infiltration system incorporated with heterotrophic denitrification (TSISHD) for urban runoff treatment was developed. Sawdust and grass powders were added in the anaerobic stage (ANS) to provide organic carbon sources for the denitrification process, and the reduction environment was improved by iron addition in the ANS. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flexible engineering designs for urban water management in Lusaka, Zambia

    Urban water systems are often designed using deterministic single values as design parameters. Subsequently the different design alternatives are compared using a discounted cash flow analysis that assumes that all parameters remain as-predicted for the entire project period. In reality the future is unknown and at best a possible range of values for design parameters can be estimated. A Monte ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable odour control in urban environments

    Abstract With an ever increasing focus on sustainability, the municipal recycling sector is increasingly locating recycling facilities in urban environments to be closer to their waste sources. The odour control industry needs to respond in providing ever more efficient odour extraction technologies to minimise any odour nuisance to their residential community neighbours. ...

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