vadose soils Articles

  • Field-Scale Application of Oxygen Releasing Compound in Deep Vadose Soils

    Summary Paz Kibutz Galuyot is a large gas-station that underwent complete renovation of its infrastructure, as well as remediation of the contaminated saturated and unsaturated zones, under the old tank farm and dispensers. The remediation project has started after one of the tanks in the old tank farm failed tightness test and appeared to contaminate the unsaturated zone down to ...


  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water dynamics and groundwater recharge in a deep vadose zone

    Understanding soil water dynamics and accurately estimating groundwater recharge are essential steps in achieving efficient and sustainable management of groundwater resources in regions with deep vadose zones. The objective of this study was to understand transient data and the dynamics nature of water from deep sections at the thick vadose zone, and to estimate groundwater recharge by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Chemical contaminants as a factor of soil-subsurface metagenesis*

    The soil and the subsurface region below it are two interrelated natural bodies that comprise the earth’s upper layer from land surface to aquifers. The ratio between these phases fluctuates as a function of environmental conditions, while the subsurface water content ranges from air-dried to completely watersaturated. Because the soil-subsurface water content is controlled by ...

  • Analytical method for estimating soil hydraulic parameters from horizontal absorption

    Soil hydraulic properties are required to quantitatively simulate water and chemical transport processes in the vadose zone and groundwater with various numerical models. Most methods for determination of soil hydraulic properties are time consuming and expensive, which limits the application of the methods. The objective of this study was to develop an analytical method based on an assumption of ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Chlorinated solvent soil vapor extraction (SVE) remediation case study 2005

    Project Description An active industrial facility in South Central Los Angeles was impacted by tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE; former staging area degreasing) operations as a part of its operations. A phased approach to soil vapor extraction (SVE) remediation was employed: the goal of Phase I was to attain high contaminant mass removal rates with very high VOC vapor ...

  • Electrical Resistance Heating: a Hot New Approach to Soil and Groundwater Remediation

    Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) is an aggressive remediation technology that can quickly reduce the mass of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in soil and groundwater by over 99%. The process is often used to clean sites where other technologies have had limited success. Larger ERH sites are cleaned within 6 to 12 months and smaller sites can be cleaned in half that time or ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In Situ Remediation of Perchlorate in Soil and Groundwater, M.S. Thesis, California State University San Bernardino

    This research project documents a technology assessment for in-situ bioremediation of perchlorate (ClO4-). The main goals are to compare methodologies, perform site characterization of soil and groundwater, and perform microcosm and bench scale tests. In this approach, perchlorate is reduced to chloride, requiring an electron donor. The suitability of electron donor amendments will be assessed ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Multifunctional Well Implemented for In Situ Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminations in Soil and Groundwater

    Abstract A recently developed Multifunctional Well has been implemented for the remediation of subsurface contamination caused by hydrocarbon spills. Four different remediation processes can be operated within the same well. At optimal efficiency of each remediation process, successive treatment of the capillary fringes, the vadose zone, and the aquifer can be accomplished. Each treatment ...


  • Fate of effluent organic matter during soil aquifer treatment: biodegradability, chlorine reactivity and genotoxicity

    Hydrophobic acid (HPO-A) and transphilic acid (TPI-A) fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were isolated from a domestic secondary wastewater effluent that was polished via soil aquifer treatment (SAT). Fractions were isolated using XAD resin adsorption chromatography from samples obtained along the vadose zone flowpath at a full-scale basin recharge facility in Tucson, Arizona. Changes in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative, Non-Intrusive Passive Soil Gas Collection Device Maps Large Carbon Tetrachloride Plume at the DOE Hanford Site, Washington -- 10501

    Abstract Approximately 100 hectares (250 acres) were investigated as part of the passive soil gas (PSG) investigation that included multiple areas of concern. The objective of the investigation program was to rapidly identify potential source areas and guide future sampling events based on the frequency and magnitude of compounds identified in the survey. PSG sampling was the preferred ...

  • Microbial contamination in groundwater supply in a cold climate and coarse soil: case study of norovirus outbreak at Lake Mývatn, Iceland

    This paper explores the fate and transport of microbial contamination in a cold climate and coarse aquifers. A confirmed norovirus outbreak in a small rural water supply in the late summer of 2004, which is estimated to have infected over 100 people, is used as a case study. A septic system, 80 m upstream of the water intake, is considered to have contaminated drinking water. Water samples ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cuyama Case Study (Ex Situ Gas Thermal Remediation(GTR™))

    Ex Situ Thermal Desorption was used to successfully treat TPH-d and TPH-g from a former AST spill site in the agricultural zone in Central California. Affected soils were excavated and then placed “in a pile”, and Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) horizontal wells were placed into the pile during its three day construction. The piled soils represented mixed sands and high TOC soils, ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Physically based closed-form expression for the bimodal unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function

    Simulation of flow and contaminant transport through the vadose zone requires accurate parameterization of the soil hydraulic properties. This requirement is particularly important for soils with a complex structure. In the present study, a physically based closed-form expression for the bimodal unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function is proposed for soils with bimodal pore-size ...


    By IWA Publishing

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