vadose zone Articles

  • Water dynamics and groundwater recharge in a deep vadose zone

    Understanding soil water dynamics and accurately estimating groundwater recharge are essential steps in achieving efficient and sustainable management of groundwater resources in regions with deep vadose zones. The objective of this study was to understand transient data and the dynamics nature of water from deep sections at the thick vadose zone, and to estimate groundwater recharge by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Migration and transformation behavior of volatile phenol in the vadose zone

    Research on the migration and transformation of phenol with space and temporal variability in the vadose zone is hindered by monitoring technology in field experiments. Four column experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of porous media size, volatilization, biological effects, and oxidation on the transport of phenol in the vadose zone. The initial inflow phenol concentration of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vadose zone modeling of dispersed waste sites in the framework of an integrated stochastic environmental transport and impacts assessment code for the Hanford Site

    The system assessment capability (SAC) is the first total-system stochastic simulator to address inventory distribution, environmental release and transport, and impacts to human health and ecological, economic, and cultural resources from hundreds of radiological and chemical waste disposal sites for the entire Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. Flow and contaminant transport modeling ...


    By Springer

  • Role of the biotic compartment in the transfer of zinc through the vadose zone - application to an infiltration system

    ABSTRACTRelatively little is known about the influence of microorganisms which develop in urban stormwater infiltration basins on the transfer of heavy metals, whereas many reports have emphasized their importance in the mechanisms of retention or solubilization of these elements. We therefore examined the transfer of zinc solutions (2-20 ppm) at different pH (4-7) by columns of sterile sand or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Field-Scale Application of Oxygen Releasing Compound in Deep Vadose Soils

    Summary Paz Kibutz Galuyot is a large gas-station that underwent complete renovation of its infrastructure, as well as remediation of the contaminated saturated and unsaturated zones, under the old tank farm and dispensers. The remediation project has started after one of the tanks in the old tank farm failed tightness test and appeared to contaminate the unsaturated zone down to ...


  • Loveland Case Study (In SItu Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™))

    The Loveland Sinclair gasoline station was selected for In-Situ Thermal Remediation (ISTR) using Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR) technologies. The GTR remediation system was designed to target a treatment area of approximately 14,000 square feet and includes a treatment volume of approximately 3,100 cubic yards. Vadose and saturated zone impacts, including a thin layer of light non-aqueous phase ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Improved light-transmission method for the study of LNAPL migration and distribution rule

    In this study, diesel was selected as a pollutant to study the migration and distribution rule of light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) in the simulated vadose zone. Saturation was regarded as a critical parameter to reflect the LNAPL migration and distribution rule. To get LNAPL saturation distribution figures, an image processing method of saturation was established to improve ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Remediation Strategies Tool

    This guide provides strategies for focusing remediation efforts on 1) the change in contaminant mass flux in different subsurface transport compartments (e.g. the vadose zone, smear zone or a zone within an aquifer of interest) and 2) the change in remediation timeframe. In this approach, groundwater flow and contaminant concentration data are combined to estimate the rate of contaminant mass ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • In Situ Remediation of Perchlorate in Soil and Groundwater, M.S. Thesis, California State University San Bernardino

    This research project documents a technology assessment for in-situ bioremediation of perchlorate (ClO4-). The main goals are to compare methodologies, perform site characterization of soil and groundwater, and perform microcosm and bench scale tests. In this approach, perchlorate is reduced to chloride, requiring an electron donor. The suitability of electron donor amendments will be assessed ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Horizontal Air Sparge Wells Solve Access Limitations beneath Air Field Tarmac

    Air Force Base tarmac is a double-edged sword with respect to environmental remediation. Concrete thicker than at commercial airports virtually eliminates infiltration and limits migration of jet fuel constituents in groundwater, but source material in the vadose zone remains indefinitely, extending the life of the groundwater plume. Horizontal air sparge wells are an effective means of ...

  • Cuyama Case Study (Ex Situ Gas Thermal Remediation(GTR™))

    Ex Situ Thermal Desorption was used to successfully treat TPH-d and TPH-g from a former AST spill site in the agricultural zone in Central California. Affected soils were excavated and then placed “in a pile”, and Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) horizontal wells were placed into the pile during its three day construction. The piled soils represented mixed sands and high TOC soils, ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Innovative, Non-Intrusive Passive Soil Gas Collection Device Maps Large Carbon Tetrachloride Plume at the DOE Hanford Site, Washington -- 10501

    Abstract Approximately 100 hectares (250 acres) were investigated as part of the passive soil gas (PSG) investigation that included multiple areas of concern. The objective of the investigation program was to rapidly identify potential source areas and guide future sampling events based on the frequency and magnitude of compounds identified in the survey. PSG sampling was the preferred ...

  • Physically based closed-form expression for the bimodal unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function

    Simulation of flow and contaminant transport through the vadose zone requires accurate parameterization of the soil hydraulic properties. This requirement is particularly important for soils with a complex structure. In the present study, a physically based closed-form expression for the bimodal unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function is proposed for soils with bimodal pore-size ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-well Vapor Stripping - Technology Overview

    In-well vapor stripping technology involves the creation of a ground-water circulation pattern and simultaneous aeration within the stripping well to volatilize VOCs from the circulating ground-water. Air-lift pumping is used to lift ground-water and strip it of contaminants. Contaminated vapors may be drawn off for aboveground treatment or released to the vadose zone for biodegradation. ...


  • Fate of effluent organic matter during soil aquifer treatment: biodegradability, chlorine reactivity and genotoxicity

    Hydrophobic acid (HPO-A) and transphilic acid (TPI-A) fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were isolated from a domestic secondary wastewater effluent that was polished via soil aquifer treatment (SAT). Fractions were isolated using XAD resin adsorption chromatography from samples obtained along the vadose zone flowpath at a full-scale basin recharge facility in Tucson, Arizona. Changes in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DTI installs 3 blind horizontal remediation wells in cobble

    The Issue An active retail gas station next to a wetland area has benzene and trimethylbenzene plumes in a water table aquifer containing sand, gravel and cobbles. Rock fragments and boulders several feet in diameter lie in the vadose zone, between the ground surface and the water table. Business at the gas station would slow down or stop for an extended period of time if a vertical ...

  • Tacoma, Washington - Well 12A superfund site - Case Study

    Combined Remedies for DNAPL Remediation Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) teamed with KEMRON and AMEC, under KEMRON's U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE) Environmental Remediation Services Multiple Award Task Order Contract (MATOC), to perform electrical resistance heating (ERH) for the remediation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the vadose zone ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • Bioslurping - Technology Overview

    ABSTRACT Bioslurping involves the simultaneous application of vacuum enhanced extraction/recovery, vapor extraction, and bioventing to address LNAPL contamination. Vacuum extraction/recovery is used to remove free product along with some groundwater, vapor extrac tion is used to remove high volatility vapors from the vadose zone, and bioventing is used to enhance aerobic biodegradation in the ...

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