vadose zone investigation Articles

  • Migration and transformation behavior of volatile phenol in the vadose zone

    Research on the migration and transformation of phenol with space and temporal variability in the vadose zone is hindered by monitoring technology in field experiments. Four column experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of porous media size, volatilization, biological effects, and oxidation on the transport of phenol in the vadose zone. The initial inflow phenol concentration of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative, Non-Intrusive Passive Soil Gas Collection Device Maps Large Carbon Tetrachloride Plume at the DOE Hanford Site, Washington -- 10501

    Abstract Approximately 100 hectares (250 acres) were investigated as part of the passive soil gas (PSG) investigation that included multiple areas of concern. The objective of the investigation program was to rapidly identify potential source areas and guide future sampling events based on the frequency and magnitude of compounds identified in the survey. PSG sampling was the preferred ...

  • Landfill remediation with refrigerants and chlorinated solvents

    PROJECT DESCRIPTION Between 1979 and 1980, industrial and hazardous wastes were disposed of at the Site in a series of unlined pits, each of which was used for a particular type of waste disposal. It is reported based on evaluations of manifests that approximately 3.4 million gallons of hazardous liquid wastes and between 3,700 and 4,100 tons of solid wastes were disposed of in the pits ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Ground Water Sampling - A Workshop Summary

    Monitoring purposes have evolved in the past decade reflecting an increasing emphasis on assessment and remedial action performance over detection monitoring. The recognition of many potential contamination sources as well as the regulatory inclusion of a large number of sites in need of investigation have spurred this evolution in practice. New more efficient methods and tools for ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Chlorinated solvent soil vapor extraction (SVE) remediation case study 2005

    Project Description An active industrial facility in South Central Los Angeles was impacted by tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE; former staging area degreasing) operations as a part of its operations. A phased approach to soil vapor extraction (SVE) remediation was employed: the goal of Phase I was to attain high contaminant mass removal rates with very high VOC vapor ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Treating Aniline Compounds at a Former Pharmaceutical Plant, Lombardia, Italy

    Integrated Remediation Approach with Sodium Persulfate based In Situ Chemical Oxidation (PersulfOx®) and Biosparging on Impacted Soils and Groundwater Geology : Sandy and Clayey Silt Contaminant Of Concern : Aniline and its Derivatives (i.e. N,N-diethylaniline) COC Range : 100 mg/kg in Saturated Soil (source area) up to 1000 µg/L in Groundwater Target Level : ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Full-scale SVE system operates in tandem with groundwater treatment

    Since 1993, SVE has been implemented using two designs at the TP Industrial, Inc. (TPI) site in Gardena, CA, to treat soil contaminated with chlorinated solvents. The SVE system was modified in 1997 to improve emissions control efficiency by using carbon adsorption units that treat effluent from an air-stripping system for treating site ground water. By the end of 2007, SVE had removed a ...

  • Assessing the transport and fate of MTBE

    Untitled Document ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Interview with Ronald Ebelhar, 2015 Chairman of the ASTM Board

    Ron Ebelhar has provided leadership in civil engineering projects and ASTM technical committee work since the 1970s. This year, he brings his experience to his elected position as chairman of the ASTM board of directors. You have worked on dozens of engineering projects since getting your degrees in civil engineering. What are some of the most interesting and challenging jobs you ...


    By ASTM International

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Accelerated Bioremediation as an Alternative to Conventional Remedial Technologies.

    ABSTRACT: Application of bioremediation as an alternative technology to expedite soil and ground-water remediation has been effective in reducing the concentration of hydrocarbons at an affordable cost. Bioremediation processes can be achieved by the addition of biological organisms into the soil and ground water which are contaminated and are microorganism deficient. The microorganism's ...


    By REGENESIS

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