vadose zone remediation Articles

  • Groundwater Remediation Strategies Tool

    This guide provides strategies for focusing remediation efforts on 1) the change in contaminant mass flux in different subsurface transport compartments (e.g. the vadose zone, smear zone or a zone within an aquifer of interest) and 2) the change in remediation timeframe. In this approach, groundwater flow and contaminant concentration data are combined to estimate the rate of contaminant mass ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Landfill remediation with refrigerants and chlorinated solvents

    PROJECT DESCRIPTION Between 1979 and 1980, industrial and hazardous wastes were disposed of at the Site in a series of unlined pits, each of which was used for a particular type of waste disposal. It is reported based on evaluations of manifests that approximately 3.4 million gallons of hazardous liquid wastes and between 3,700 and 4,100 tons of solid wastes were disposed of in the pits ...

  • Refinery remediation: fuel recovery and recycling

    Introduction The site is a former refinery that occupied approximately 64 acres of land in West Texas. Refinery operations produced all grades of gasoline, tractor fuels, diesel, distillate products, and fuel oils and operated between 1939 and 1954. As a result of past waste management practices, releases to soils and ultimately ground water occurred, resulting in the formation of a ...

  • In Situ Remediation of Perchlorate in Soil and Groundwater, M.S. Thesis, California State University San Bernardino

    This research project documents a technology assessment for in-situ bioremediation of perchlorate (ClO4-). The main goals are to compare methodologies, perform site characterization of soil and groundwater, and perform microcosm and bench scale tests. In this approach, perchlorate is reduced to chloride, requiring an electron donor. The suitability of electron donor amendments will be assessed ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Cuyama Case Study (Ex Situ Gas Thermal Remediation(GTR™))

    Ex Situ Thermal Desorption was used to successfully treat TPH-d and TPH-g from a former AST spill site in the agricultural zone in Central California. Affected soils were excavated and then placed “in a pile”, and Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) horizontal wells were placed into the pile during its three day construction. The piled soils represented mixed sands and high TOC soils, ...

  • In-Situ Remediation of Heavy Metals Using Sulfur-Based Treatment Technologies

    The Metal Problem Highly toxic and highly soluble metals are contained in numerous waste streams including those from power, chemical, electronics facilities, general manufacturing plants, and mining facilities. Lead, chromium, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, copper, and mercury are the most common metal contaminants found on remediation project sites (US EPA, October, 2000). Cyanide is a common ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Tacoma, Washington - Well 12A superfund site - Case Study

    Combined Remedies for DNAPL Remediation Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) teamed with KEMRON and AMEC, under KEMRON's U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE) Environmental Remediation Services Multiple Award Task Order Contract (MATOC), to perform electrical resistance heating (ERH) for the remediation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the vadose zone ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Innovative, Non-Intrusive Passive Soil Gas Collection Device Maps Large Carbon Tetrachloride Plume at the DOE Hanford Site, Washington -- 10501

    Abstract Approximately 100 hectares (250 acres) were investigated as part of the passive soil gas (PSG) investigation that included multiple areas of concern. The objective of the investigation program was to rapidly identify potential source areas and guide future sampling events based on the frequency and magnitude of compounds identified in the survey. PSG sampling was the preferred ...

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Air Sparging - Technology Overview

    Air sparging involves injecting a gas (usually air/oxygen) under pressure into the saturated zone to volatilize groundwater contaminants and to promote biodegradation in saturated and unsaturated soils by increasing subsurface oxygen concentrations. Vola tilized vapors migrate into the vadose zone where they are extracted via vacuum, generally by a soil vapor extraction system. The term ...

  • Directional Technologies, Inc. conducts unique horizontal remediation well installation in Railroad Yard

    The Issue The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) Morris Park Yard, located at the Intersection of Atlantic Avenue and 121st Street in Queens, New York, is a historic rail yard with one of the only operating turntables in the USA. The Morris Park Yard has been used to repair and refuel engines for over 100 years. Today, it continues to serve one of the nation’s busiest regional rail ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation of Tetrachloroethene in Central Indiana Glacial Till

    ABSTRACT: The goal of this project is remediation of soil and groundwater impacted by tetrachloroethene (PCE) that infiltrated the vadose and uppermost saturated zone below an active dry cleaning facility in central Indiana. PCE was released and transported to depths less than five meters via the primary porosity of thin sand and silt stringers and via secondary porosity of fractures in lodgment ...

  • In-Situ Remediation of Heavy Metals Using Sulfur-Based Treatment Technologies

    THE METALS PROBLEM: Highly toxic and highly soluble metals are contained in numerous waste streams including those from power, chemical, electronics facilities, general manufacturing plants, and mining facilities. Lead, chromium, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, copper, and mercury are the most common metal contaminants found on remediation project sites (US EPA, October, 2000). Cyanide is a common ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Cost Effective Multi-Purpose Horizontal Wells

    A question commonly posed to Directional Technologies from our environmental consulting clients: “Can one horizontal well be designed for more than one remedial application?” The answer is “yes.” Horizontal wells are utilized for many diverse remedial methods: air/oxygen/ozone sparge, soil vapor extraction (SVE), multiphase extraction (MPE), in-situ chemical oxidation ...

  • How to Remediate under an Intersection with Horizontal Wells

    Roadway intersections within urban settings are arguably some of the most challenging areas for subsurface remediation. Many consultants tasked with remediation of challenging sites such as these become frustrated by the inability of a vertical remediation system to influence the area of concern and/or they are anxious that they will not efficiently bring their clients’ sites to ...

  • Bioslurping - Technology Overview

    ABSTRACT Bioslurping involves the simultaneous application of vacuum enhanced extraction/recovery, vapor extraction, and bioventing to address LNAPL contamination. Vacuum extraction/recovery is used to remove free product along with some groundwater, vapor extrac tion is used to remove high volatility vapors from the vadose zone, and bioventing is used to enhance aerobic biodegradation in the ...

  • TCE Source Area Remediation at a Former Manufacturing Facility Confidential Client – Western Connecticut - Case Study

    Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS), as a subcontractor to AECOM, completed a Standard Fixed Price Remediation (SFPR) of trichloroethene (TCE) in groundwater in Western Connecticut using Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH). The objective of the ERH project was to achieve the prescribed remediation goal for dissolved TCE in groundwater within the treatment volume. The system ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Risk-Based Closure Considerations For Monitored Natural Attenuation

    ABSTRACT Recent advances in both the chemistry- and hydrogeology-based aspects of monitored natural attenuation (MNA) and in toxicology research have changed some of the traditional approaches to MNA for petroleum and chlorinated groundwater plume management. For MNA to be approved as a remedial approach, human health and the environment must still be protected. To demonstrate protection, ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Jamaica Queens, New York - Full-Scale Remediation using ERH - Case Study

    This project involved a guaranteed source area remediation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) at an operating school bus maintenance facility located in Queens, New York. Engineer: Mr. Greg Beyke Project Superintendent: Mr. Paul Bianco Lithology: Clean sand in both the vadose and saturated zones. Hydrology: Groundwater depth at 12 ft below grade surface (bgs). Treatment Area, Depth Interval ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

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