vapor diffusion sampling Articles

  • Residential Vapor Intrusion Evaluation: Long Duration Passive Sampling v. Short Duration Active Sampling

    Abstract Sampling indoor air for potential vapor intrusion impacts using current standard 24-hour sample collection methods may not adequately account for temporal variability and detect contamination best represented by long-term sampling periods. Mr. Henry Schuver of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste staled at the September 2007 Air & Waste Management ...

  • Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at work, at home, and during leisure time: personal exposure measurements by diffusive sampling of airborne 3-Ethenylpyridine

    Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with an increased risk of several diseases. In 2002, the ETS exposure level was studied in a Finnish cross-sectional population sample with a sub-sample of currently working nonsmokers. In all, 123 nonsmokers (25-64 years) reporting at least 1 h of daily exposure to ETS participated in personal exposure measurements. Two 3 M organic vapor monitors, ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • ITRC technology overview of passive sampling technologies

    This document presents technical overviews of 12 passive sampling technologies. It describes each technology’s basis of operation, intended applications, advantages, limitations, and development status. Contacts for additional information are provided. This overview is an outgrowth of interest and information generated in preparation of the ITRC Technical and Regulatory Guidance for Using ...


    By EON Products Inc.

  • Indoor Air as a Source of VOC Contamination in Shallow Soils Below Buildings

    US EPA and many state regulatory agency guidance documents recommend below foundation vapor sampling as a key element of site investigations to determine if vapor migration from underlying soil into buildings is a completed exposure pathway (USEPA, 2002; WIDHFS, 2003; San Diego County, 2004; PADEP, 2004). If volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are detected below the building foundation, then VOC ...


  • Properties and Behavior of Fuels

    Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent ...

  • Field Method Comparison between Passive Air Samplers and Continuous Monitors for VOCs and NO2 in El Paso, Texas

    This study evaluates the performance of Model 3300 Ogawa Passive Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Samplers and 3M 3520 Organic Vapor Monitors (OVMs) by comparing integrated passive sampling concentrations to averaged hourly NO2 and volatile organic compound (VOC) measurements at two sites in El Paso, TX. Sampling periods were three time intervals (3-day weekend, 4-day weekday, and 7-day weekly) for three ...


    By Ogawa & Company, USA, Inc.

  • Train derailment prompts contaminated land investigation - Case study

    On March 30th 2015 a long freight train, transporting a variety of goods including lumber and chemicals, wound its way through the state of Mississippi. At around 5pm, part of the train failed to negotiate a curved portion of the track in a rural area near Minter City, resulting in the derailment of nine railcars, one of which leaked chemicals onto agricultural farmland and woodlands. Emergency ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Drying Sardine Fishes by Microwave Drying Machine

    1. Why Fresh Sardine Fishes Need to Be Dried by Microwave Drying Machine? Sardine fish is an important source of high-quality protein required in human diet, but it has not yet been fully utilized, due to the limited storage period and, sometimes, their strong fishy odor. Fresh sardine fish ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Introduction to Ozone Injection Technology

    Untitled Document Ozone is a highly reactive chemical that has proven to be effective in destroying a wide variety of organic chemicals, including MtBE and chlorinated VOCs. ...

  • Train derailment prompts contaminated land investigation

    On March 30th 2015 a long freight train, transporting a variety of goods including lumber and chemicals, wound its way through the state of Mississippi. At around 5pm, part of the train failed to negotiate a curved portion of the track in a rural area near Minter City, resulting in the derailment of nine railcars, one of which leaked chemicals onto agricultural farmland and woodlands. Emergency ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

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