vehicle pollution exposure Articles

  • In-Vehicle exposures to particulate matter and black carbon

    ABSTRACTIn-vehicle exposures to particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) can be a significant part of personal totalexposure. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of the in-vehicle pollutant level. This study measured in-vehicle exposure to PM number concentrations using an aerosol spectrometer and BC concentration by an aethalometer. The measurement was repeated 3 ...

  • Assessment of Lead Exposure in Thohoyandou, South Africa

    Lead levels in different environmental media (soil, grass leaves, water, ceramics, pencil, paint, crayons and cosmetics) were determined to assess the major sources of lead exposure in Thohoyandou, South Africa. Soil and plant leaves were used as indicators of Pb pollution from vehicle exhaust emissions. After digestion with concentrated acids (HNO3, HCl and HClO4) Pb concentrations were ...


    By Springer

  • Exposure of educational institutions to traffic-induced noise at Chittagong City, Bangladesh

    The amplitude and intensity of traffic-induced noise at the environmental setup of the educational institutions in Chittagong City, Bangladesh were investigated. Average maximum and minimum sound levels in the study area ranged from 65.46 to 82.24 dB and 60.63 to 70.89 dB, respectively. Noise at all the studied educational institutions exceeded the safe limit (45 dB) as prescribed by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Environmental exposure to platinum group elements released by automotive catalytic converters: the risk for children

    The increasing use of Platinum Group Elements (PGEs) in vehicle exhaust catalysts causes their anthropogenic emission and spread all over the environment. The PGEs contamination initially occurs in airborne particulate matter, roadside dust, soil, sludge and water, and afterwards results in bioaccumulation in living organisms through diverse pathways. Several studies have reported enhanced PGE ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Links between noise and air pollution and socioeconomic status

    Air pollution and noise pollution have a negative impact on all of society — but some groups are more affected than others. Lower socioeconomic status is generally associated with poorer health, and both air and noise pollution contribute to a wide range of other factors influencing human health. But do these health inequalities arise because of increased exposure to pollution, increased ...

  • A Time Series Forecasting of Air Pollution in Indore

    Abstract. Forecasting involves the generation of a number, set of numbers, or scenario that corresponds to a future occurrence. It is absolutely essential to short-range and long-range planning. By definition, a forecast is based on past data, as opposed to a prediction, which is more subjective and based on instinct, get feel, or guess. For example, the evening news gives the weather ...


  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • Improving air quality in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    Authorities in Dhaka, Bangladesh, are working hard to reduce the exposure of the population to suspended particles, which mainly derive from vehicle pollution. On behalf of the World Bank, NILU is assisting Dhaka-authorities in evaluating the the citys air quality monitoring program and in the implementation of a system for air quality ...

  • Can roadway design air quality impacts

    In recent years, a consensus has emerged that exposure to traffic emissions increases risks of adverse health effects for populations living, working, or going to school near large roadways.1-4 Near-roadway air pollution is characterized by elevated levels of trafficgenerated compounds compared to overall urban background levels with the gradual decrease in concentrations within several hundred ...

  • Study on traffic noise level of sylhet by multiple regression analysis associated with health hazards

    Noise is unacceptable level of sound that creates annoyance, hampers mental and physical peace, and may induce severe damage to the health. Along with the increasing degree of air and water pollution, noise pollution is also emerging as a new threat to the inhabitants of Sylhet City. Exposure to high level of noise may cause severe stress on the auditory and nervous system of the city dwellers, ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Ambient air quality levels in Tehran, Iran, from 1988 to 1993

    The objectives of this study were to describe trends in ambient air quality in Tehran between 1988 and 1993, to determine if these levels exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, and to discuss possible health effects related to exposure for these particular pollutants. Data were acquired from Iran's Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) and the Ministry of Health (MH). These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Ambient Air Quality in India - An Alarming Report

    Are we mortgage India against air pollution? The answer may be “Yes”. The reason is India has witnessed a phenomenal increase in the number of industries and vehicles in the last decade, along with the mushrooming of cities. As a consequence, there has been a dramatic deterioration in the quality of urban air in most regions of the country particularly in big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta ...


  • Comparative Risk Assessment

    ' Comparative risk assessment provides a systematic way to compare environmental problems that pose different types and degrees of health risk. It combines information on the inherent hazards of pollutants, exposure levels and population characteristics to predict the resulting health effects. Using data from available sources, rapid, inexpensive comparative risk assessments can identify the most ...


    By The World Bank

  • Roadside particulate levels at 30 locations in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

    Roadside particulate levels (PM10) at 30 locations throughout the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal are reported. There were seven sampling cycles from January to December 1999. PM10 levels ranged between 1000 and 6000 µ/m³ for 1-h sampling. There was no consistent trend in PM10 levels with respect to monitoring cycle, average precipitation or wind speed. There is no WHO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An ambient indoor air environment is vital to ensure a safe and healthy workplace

    Indoor air quality (IAQ) relates to a number of environmental factors inside a building that can impinge on the health, comfort, or work performance of the building’s occupants. Monitoring IAQ is vital because it is estimated that the average person spends 90% of their time breathing “indoor air”. Poor IAQ is a contributing factor to both short and long-term health issues, these ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Solid phase microextraction for trace analysis of urinary benzene in environmental monitoring

    Due to increasing concern about toxic substances such as benzene and its analogs in the environment and workplaces, it is becoming more important to monitor such chemicals in order to evaluate risk hazards and potential problems caused by exposure to toxic compounds (Barcelo et al., 1991; Keymeulen et al., 2001; Sperlingova et al., 2003). Benzene is an important industrial compound because of its ...


    By University of Tehran

  • The Pakistan Environmental Debacle

    These are prosperous times for Pakistan. After 60 years of independence, we as Pakistanis have achieved a lot: a burgeoning economy, a defense force to be reckoned with, a free liberal press, and superb institutions of higher education, we definitely deserve a pat on the back. But we have our shortcomings, what nation does not. Industrialization, urbanization and escalating buying power of the ...


  • Car Pressure Washer and Steam Cleaner for Complete Auto Detailing

    A car pressure washer is the ideal cleaning machine for exterior detailing jobs. Power washers with pressure levels of 1500 psi or less and water flow rate of 0.5 GPM clean effectively without wasting water or causing any damage to the vehicle body. These units also come with steam temperatures of 250°F for extra cleaning power. Pressure washing machines are also versatile and clean various ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

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