vitrification Articles

  • OVERVIEW OF MINERGY’S GLASSPACK® VITRIFICATION TECHNOLOGY

    Vitrification, defined as a thermal process for converting minerals into glass, is an emerging technology in the area of treating wastewater residuals. Vitrification has a well established track record in other industrial processes especially glass furnaces used in the glass manufacturing industry and slagging furnaces used in coal-fired power generation.Wastewater treatment residuals, such as ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Plasma gasification and vitrification of ash – conversion of ash into glass-like products and syngas

    The Plasma Gasification and Vitrification of Ash (PGVA) system is a patented process that uses energy generated by plasma arcs along with the controlled addition of small amounts of air and steam to convert the organic portion of ash into a synthesis gas (gasification) and the inorganic portion into a glassy rock (vitrification). The vitrification of the ash’s inorganic portion ...


    By PyroGenesis Canada Inc.

  • Commissioning and operation of high level radioactive waste vitrification and storage facilities: the Indian experience

    In India, R&D work for management of high-level radioactive liquid waste (HLW) was started along with inception of the Indian Atomic Energy Programme. This culminated in the setting up of the first vitrification facility at the Waste Immobilisation Plant (WIP) at Tarapur. The second vitrification facility has been commissioned at WIP at Trombay and the third such facility is being set up at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common Treatment Train for Radionuclides

    A treatment train is the combination of different treatment technologies. A system diagram of a common treatment train for radionuclides is illustrated below. Radionuclide contaminated soil is first excavated from the contamination soil and transported to a vitrification site. During vitrification, the contaminated soil is molten at extremely high temperatures. Radionuclides are incorporated into ...

  • Radioactive waste management experience of Moscow SIA 'Radon'

    Vitrification and cementation are used for conditioning liquid radioactive waste (LRW) at SIA 'Radon'. More than 2000 m³ of LRW are treated on the vitrification plant and 100,000 m³ of LRW on cementation plants. For clearing LRW are used the filtration, ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, selective sorption, ion exchange, and oxidation. For treatment NPP bottom concentrates the technology of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plasma resource recovery technology –converting waste to energy and valuable products

    Abstract Plasma Resource Recovery (PRR) is a revolutionary technology that can treat virtually any type of waste by combining gasification with vitrification. Vitrification produces inert slag that can be used as a construction material. Gasification produces a fuel gas containing carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), used for cogeneration of electricity and steam. The plasma fired ...


    By PyroGenesis Canada Inc.

  • North Shore Sanitary District GlassPack Project Summary

    North Shore Sanitary District (NSSD) selected Minergy’s GLASSPACK® system as the technology of choice for sustainable biosolids management at its new Sludge Recycling Facility located in Zion, Ill., U.S.A. NSSD’s Sludge Recycling Facility incorporates Minergy’s GLASSPACK® vitrification technology to harness and use the energy contained in biosolids to create an inert, beneficially reusable glass ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) destruction in a plasma gasification reactor

    Test results on Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR), or car fluff, demonstrated destruction efficiency and safe conversion to synthesis gas and a glass residue, in a plasma gasification system. The synthesis gas consists primarily of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the range between 20 and 22 vol-% respectively, or 45 and 55 vol-% dry basis, when corrected for nitrogen. In dry reforming operation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Minergy GFT Supplemental Sediment

    The purpose of the Study is to evaluate the economic and technical feasibility of melting PCB contaminated river sediments in a glass furnace. The Glass Furnace Technology (GFT) was developed by Minergy. Minergy originally developed vitrification technologies to process wastewater sludge into glass aggregate that could be sold as a commercial product. The technology was evaluated during a U.S. ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Sludge Treatment and Disposal: Management Approaches and Experiences

     Abstract This report describes various methods of sludge treatment and disposal: it is intended for those charged with the task of determining the fate of sludge, providing them with the information necessary to select among action alternatives. Table of contents Introduction Background Sludge characterisation ...

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • Ex Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatments is that they generally require shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to screen, homogenize, and continuously mix the soils. Ex situ processes, however, require excavation of soils leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and materials handling worker ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

  • WDNR GFT Phase 3 Fact Sheet

    Following the release of the draft Lower Fox River Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) in February 1999, WDNR received a set of comments from Minergy Corp. (Minergy). Minergy’s comments suggested that a vitrification (melting) technology might be more effective and appropriate for dealing with contaminated sediments than some of the options in the RI/FS. WDNR contacted Minergy as a ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Converting the dreaded PCBs into useful commodities

    For decades polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been high on the list of toxins the public fears. A new vitrification technology is claimed to be able to completely destroy PCBs and other toxins in contaminated sediment by meltingit into a glass aggregate product that can be used in the construction industry. This process, developed by Minergy Corp., costs about as much as landfilling, without ...

  • Minergy GFT Permitting Feasibility Report

    A 39-mile stretch of the Fox River and portions of Green Bay in northeastern Wisconsin (the Fox River site) are contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) laden sediment. The contamination was caused by historical effluent discharges from paper mills manufacturing and/or recycling carbonless paper that utilized dyes dissolved in PCBs. PCBs are the primary contaminant of concern; however ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Time to address the air pollution control residue problem

    The incineration of municipal solid waste is gaining increasing importance in the UK, especially as the burning of waste can be used to generate energy, providing a more sustainable solution to our waste problem by diverting it from landfill sites. An issue with incineration is that some of our waste contains hazardous chemicals such as chlorine and lead which are volatilised during the process. ...

  • In Situ Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction Solidification/stabilization (S/S) reduces the mobility of hazardous substances and contaminants in the environment through both physical and chemical means. Unlike other remedial technologies, S/S seeks to trap or immobilize contaminants within their 'host' medium (i.e., the soil, sand, and/or building materials that contain them), instead of removing them through chemical or ...

  • WEDA Minergy GFT Paper

    During the comment period of the 2001 draft of the Lower Fox River Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS), WDNR and Minergy Corp, completed the evaluation of the cost and treatment-effectiveness of a vitrification technology based on standard glass furnace technology, to treat contaminated sediment. The three phases of the study were: I) Mineralogy and sediment characterization; ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • US EPA Site Final Minergy Innovative Technology Evaluation Report (February 5, 2004)

    The Glass Furnace Technology (GFT) treatment process was developed by Minergy Corporation (Minergy) as an ex situ remediation technology to treat river sediment contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), other organic compounds, and metals. An evaluation of the technology was conductedby the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation(SITE) ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

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