vivianite remover Articles

  • Vivianite Heat Exchanger removal trial case study

    On the vivianite-laden heat exchangers, the maintenance supervisor created a recirculation circuit and diluted JS 9325 to a fifty percent (50%) solution. They recirculated the diluted solution for 48 hours while raising the temperature of the solution to 110F. Upon opening the first heat exchanger, they observed a purple solution following by a half-inch (½”) sheet of vivianite ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Struvite Removal & Vivianite Removal Case Study- Heat Exchanger and Screw Press

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers.The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down the dewatering process every three (3) weeks to clean because of struvite deposits on the screen of the screw press. They also noticed that they were having a difficult time maintaining ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • Struvite and Vivianite Screw Presses and Heat Exchanger Removal case study

    A regional wastewater treatment plant in Sonoma County was experiencing problems with struvite on their screw presses and vivianite on their heat exchangers. The design plant flow rate is 7.9 mg/day. They were using 7 mg/L to 10 mg/L (dry basis) of ferric chloride to control hydrogen sulfide and improve solids removal in the primary clarifier. The plant maintenance staff was forced to shut down ...


    By Struvite Removal

  • How to Control Struvite and Vivianite - Case Study

    This article is a brief overview on the formation of struvite and vivianite and methods that have been used to prevent and remove ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • Biological Nutrient Removal Model No. 2 (BNRM2): a general model for wastewater treatment plants

    This paper presents the plant-wide model Biological Nutrient Removal Model No. 2 (BNRM2). Since nitrite was not considered in the BNRM1, and this previous model also failed to accurately simulate the anaerobic digestion because precipitation processes were not considered, an extension of BNRM1 has been developed. This extension comprises all the components and processes required to simulate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite Formation & Struvite Wastewater Treatment

    The three chemical components for Struvite formation are magnesium, ammonia and phosphorus, also known as MAP for short. Struvite’s chemical formula is NH4MgPO4·6H2O. WWTP managers have used a number of different products and techniques for Struvite removal, and to prevent Struvite formation. Most text books on Struvite control talk about the use of ferric chloride (FeCl3) to control ...


    By Struvite Removal

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