waste acceptance criteria Articles

  • Stabilisation and Acceptance Criteria of Residual Wastes - Technologies and their Achievements in Europe

    ABSTRACT The focus of the EU landfill directive is the reduction of biodegradable waste destined for landfill on a solely quantitative basis. Trials on the bio-mechanical treatment and its effect on the landfill behaviour show that the quality of the remaining organic fraction for landfilling should be considered because it is is more relevant than the quantity of biodegradable waste, in terms of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Determination of design criteria of an h-ifas reactor in comparison with an extended aeration activated sludge process

    The activated sludge process is a suspended culture system that has been in use since the early 1900s. The process derives its name from the fact that settled sludge containing living, or active, microorganisms is returned to the reactor to increase the available biomass and speed up the reactions. It may be either a completely mixed or plug flow process. The process is aerobic, with oxygen being ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Waste Disposal

    Introduction The final step in the waste management process is waste disposal, the permanent isolation of waste. Some wastes can be managed and disposed safely with existing facilities and proven methods. Other Department of Energy (DOE) wastes require more complex disposal facilities. DOE has conducted extensive research into alternative waste disposal methods and has concluded that deep ...

  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Scotland tightens a belt around its waste

    The European Landfill Directive in Scotland reaches another phase of implementation on waste acceptance criteria at landfills on July, 16, 2004. Matt Davies, a Principal at ENVIRON, explains that not only are there severe cost implications for waste disposal, but there could be an impact on the ways in which waste contaminated land is ...


    By ENVIRON

  • A chance to drive hazardous waste policy

    The proliferation of energy-from-waste (EfW) power plants is making a significant contribution to the UK’s efforts to end its reliance on harmful fossil fuels. But while EfW plants provide a solution to municipal waste, they also produce a low amount of hazardous waste in the form of air pollution control residue (APCr). Despite numerous solutions existing that process and reuse APCr ...

  • EPA Proposes Revisions to RCRA Definition of Solid Waste

    On June 30, 2011, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Lisa Jackson signed a proposed rule seeking to narrow certain recycling exemptions under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's (RCRA) "Definition of Solid Waste" (DSW) provisions. The rule should be published in the Federal Register within the next two weeks. A pre-publication copy of the rule and related ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Swan Hills Treatment Centre – Canada`s only fully-integrated hazardous waste treatment facility

    Untitled Document Since the enactment of environmental laws and regulations in Canada and the United States in the 1970s and 1980s, many treatment and disposal options for hazardous ...


    By Baum Publications Ltd.

  • Significance of indicator bacteria in a regionalised wastewater treatment plant and receiving waters

    A regional wastewater treatment plant was found to be discharging high concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria in excess of acceptable surface water criteria. An investigation of the sources of those bacteria showed their origins to have been environmental, primarily from a pulp and paper mill. False positive and false negative fecal coliforms were also found and enumerated. These bacteria were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Testing of concrete to determine the effects on groundwater

    The need for a more sustainable construction industry, as well as increasing pressures on landfill space, have led to an increasing use of recycled and secondary materials as aggregates in concrete1,2. However, if users are to have full confidence in these materials, it is important that they are shown to have neither an adverse impact on the properties of concrete, nor on the environment, ...

  • The US Initiative on Joint Implementation

    More than 150 countries are now party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), which seeks, as its ultimate objective, to stabilise atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. As a step toward this goal, all Parties are to take measures to mitigate climate change and to promote ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Properties and Behavior of Radionuclides

    For the purposes of this document, radionuclides should be considered to have properties similar to those of other heavy metals.This does not imply that all radionuclides are heavy metals, but that the majority of sites requiring remediation of radioactively contaminated materials are contaminated with radionuclides that have similar properties. Like metals, the contaminants of concern are ...

  • Petroleum review

    In an era highly focused on climate change and the importance of reducing environmental footprints, the refinery and petrochemical industry is faced with growing political, economic, demographic and environmental challenges. It is essential for refining and petrochemical companies to explore new methods and techniques to address these challenges and reduce their impact on the environment. As ...

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Bioremediation of hydrocarbon impacted soils - Marchbanks, Dundee

    Client: Dundee City Council Objective: Bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils to achieve compliance with the Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) for Mineral Oil (C10 – C40); with the intention of re-using the soils to Riverside Recycling Centre to be used as a capping layer. Challenge: Approximately 2,800 m3 of hydrocarbon ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Environmental risk assessment of a closed industrial landfill

    Client: Waste Management Industry Location: Closed landfill, Warwickshire, UK Services: Hydrogeological risk assessment and Closed landfill support Issues: Potential risk to groundwater and surface water, environment and human health. Gaps in available data for closed landfill site. Summary: ESI ...

  • opsEnvironmental™ Fuels General Motors’ Environmental compliance engine

    Software provides 45% time savings on SARA 313 reporting during first year of implementation with substantially higher returns anticipated in subsequent years. The Company General Motors (GM) is the world’s largest automobile manufacturing company, as well as the world’s third largest company. GM has manufacturing operations in 32 countries and employs about 325,000 people around the ...


    By IHS

  • Time to address the air pollution control residue problem

    The incineration of municipal solid waste is gaining increasing importance in the UK, especially as the burning of waste can be used to generate energy, providing a more sustainable solution to our waste problem by diverting it from landfill sites. An issue with incineration is that some of our waste contains hazardous chemicals such as chlorine and lead which are volatilised during the process. ...

  • Lessons learned from the Case Study Zagreb Project

    The Case Study Zagreb is the title of a project developed in the framework of the Inter-Agency Programme on the Assessment and Management of Health and Environmental Risks from Energy and Other Complex Industrial Systems. The programme, jointly undertaken by four UN organisations (UNEP, WHO, IAEA and UNIDO) aims at promoting and facilitating the implementation of the risk assessment and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosolids sampling and handling approaches for microbial analyses

     ABSTRACT The protection of human health and the environment while making the use of biosolids products more practical is a joint goal of utilities and regulatory agencies. Assuring the safety of biosolids is paramount to gaining wide public acceptance of this waste-to-beneficial use product. Making effective decisions about the safety of biosolids use relies on quality data. Satisfying ...

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