waste digester Articles

  • Climate change impacts of food waste diversion to anaerobic digesters

    Treating food waste (FW) by anaerobic digestion to recover biogas and biofertiliser is a fantastic opportunity. The biogas is renewable, base-load, non-fossil energy. Using the digestate on land as biofertiliser completes nutrient cycles and conserves soil organic matter. The Part-503 rules protect health and the environment. Existing sludge digesters can be ‘turbo-charged’ by retrofitting ...


  • Effect of thermal alkaline pretreatment on the anaerobic digestion of wasted activated sludge

    The effect of alkaline pretreatment of waste-activated sludge, using two models to study the sequential hydrolysis rates of suspended (Sanders' surface model) and dissolved (Goel's saturation model) solids, on the mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion rate is evaluated. The pretreatment, which reduces the size of the solids, increases the reaction rate by increasing the surface area and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of Capacity Factors in Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Waste in the UK

    The ranking was made based on the ratio between the gross electrical production of the plant during 2014 and the registered capacity of the plant under Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin (REGO) scheme. The data on the electrical production of the plants is publically available through Ofgem  (The Office of Gas and Electricity Markets) which is responsible for the issuance of ...

  • Performance study for anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a single phase reactor

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) has been up to now essentially applied to wastewater. However, anaerobic treatment of organic solid waste fits well with the new requirements for waste management. A batch study of vegetable market waste composed at various solid concentrations was studied in a single phase anaerobic reactor. Prior to this, studies were also carried out in aspirator bottles of different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of source-sorted municipal solid waste

    A change in existing collection systems for household waste is presently in progress in many Swedish municipalities. The objective is to separate the decomposable fraction from non-biodegradable waste in order to facilitate biological treatment and recycling of nutrients. The main reason for this development is the effort to replace landfilling of nutrient-rich, wet organic waste with sustainable ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Westry food waste advanced digestion facility case study

    Dedicated to Digestion Design, Build, Commission 60,000 tonnes per annum food waste advanced anaerobic digestion plant Treating source segregated food waste, C&l food waste, slurries and sludges 3 MW electrical power output Modular design with 30,000 tonnes per annum first phase development Fully integrated waste preparation ...


  • Deerdykes food waste advanced digestion facility case study

    Dedicated to Digestion Design, Build, Commission 30,000 tonnes per annum food waste advanced anaerobic digestion plant Treating source segregated food waste, C&l food waste, slurries and sludges 1 MW electrical power output Fully integrated waste preparation system PAS110 and ABPR Cat3 compliant Digestate separation ...


  • Kirk Environmental supplies to Westry food waste digestion plant case study

    Contracting for turnkey AD provider Monsal, Kirk Environmental constructed the anaerobic digester tank on the plant capable of processing up to 30,000 tonnes of food waste every year. Kirk Environmental constructed the 4000m3 Glass Coated Steel Digestion Tank complete with glass coated Roof. The plant is the largest food waste digestion facility in the East Anglian region and is the first for ...


    By KIRK UK

  • Influence of chemically enhanced primary treatment on anaerobic digestion and dewaterability of waste sludge

    To lower energy consumption at a sewage treatment plant (STP), primary settling could be enhanced to direct more chemical oxygen demand (COD) to anaerobic digestion (AD) for increased biogas production and decreased aeration. Primary settling can be chemically enhanced by applying flocculation aids (FAs). FAs are refractory compounds that may affect all sludge treatment facilities. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perspectives on organic waste recovery relative to composting and anaerobic digestion

    Generally speaking, organic waste renders its self suitable for recovery purposes owing to the nutrient elements it contains and the energy stored in the biochemical bonds of its constituent organic compounds. Both composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) have been used since a long time ago in reclaiming organic material. It seems that the first modern composting process was developed in 1920s in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • A hot chance: exhaustive anaerobic digestion of “grey waste” under temperatures of pasteurization

    According to German laws municipal residual refuse MRR (biowaste, paper and glass are collected in separate bins) must be nearly mineralized before it will be deposited in a landfill, since this material can still contain 20 - 50 % biogenous organic matter leading to gaseous and liquid emissions. Especially the high-organic sieve fraction of MRR below 40 - 60 mm and with a thermal energy content ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Environmental efficiency of composting versus anaerobic digestion of separately collected, organic waste

    Environmental policy in the Netherlands among others aims at closing material cycles and minimising the amount of waste requiring final disposal. In this policy the highest priority is given to the prevention of waste production followed by (in descending order of preference) reuse, incineration with energy recovery and sanitary landfilling. In the implementation of this solid waste policy also ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Anaerobic digestion as integrated part of a mechanical-biological Waste treatment process

    Anaerobic digestion as a means of stabilising residual municipal solid waste (RMSW) before landfilling was evaluated to study the stabilization of RMSW through mechanical-biological processes and evaluate the effect on landfills. The tests were at the site of WGV Recycling GmbH in Quarzbichl between September 1995 and March 1996. The trials, which were run with a single-phase anaerobic digester, ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Two-phase anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and sewage sludge

    The feasibility and performance of food waste and sewage sludge co-digestion were investigated to gain insight into their resource utilization. In this study, two-phase anaerobic digestion (TPAD) was operated under a total solids mixing ratio of 1:1 and different sludge retention times (SRTs). Results show that an acidogenic reactor with a 5-day SRT obtained the highest acidification efficiency, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative assessment of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures

    Anaerobic digestion is an environmentally sound treatment option for the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and simultaneously producing methane gas which is a source of renewable energy. The COD reduction of the substrate was 72% for the mesophilic condition and 72.3% for the thermophilic condition. 1200 cm³ of methane was produced in the mesophilic condition and 1260 cm³ in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Extracellular polymeric substances and dewaterability of waste activated sludge during anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge was conducted to gain insight into the mechanisms underlying change in sludge dewaterability during its anaerobic digestion. Unexpectedly, the results indicated that sludge dewatering properties measured by capillary suction time only deteriorated after 10 days of anaerobic digestion, after which dewaterability recovered and remained stable. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Recovery from Residual Waste by Means of Anaerobic Digestion Technologies

    ABSTRACT Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a natural process, spontaneously taking place in natural surroundings, such as marshes,bogs, paddies, or in cesspits, landfills, and dedicated digesters, used for the conversion of organic waste into a rich gas. Typical AD substrates are: manure, sewage sludge, high BOD wastewater, and – more recently - the organic fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The dirty little secret of anaerobic digesters

    First, I want to state that I am a firm believer in the benefits of anaerobic digesters as both technologies to reduce solid wastes, and also as means of creating clean, renewable fuel. With the abundance of animal and vegetable wastes clogging landfills and polluting rivers and aquifers, plus the rising cost of power, the non-use of anaerobic digesters (both as a revenue generator and a cost ...


  • Recovery of ammonium from digestate as fertilizer

    Ammonia inhibition can be a major problem during anaerobic digestion of manure and municipal and industrial sludges. Anaerobic digestion is sensitive to higher NH3-N concentrations, which are inhibiting and at certain levels even toxic for methanogen bacteria. The Nijhuis Ammonium Recovery (AECO-NAR) system can solve this problem and removes ammonium from digestate or other substrate for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofuels Digest Series On TSCA And The Bioeconomy

    Biofuels Digest is running a "Thought Leadership" series of articles highlighting some of the ways the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) applies to biobased products. The articles, written by Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG®) Senior Policy Advisor and former head of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Green Chemistry program, Richard E. Engler, Ph.D., ...

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