waste heat powered desalination Articles

  • Seawater Desalination

    Seawater covers 71% of the planet surface and represents 97% of the world's water,and seawater has a lot of resources to be explored.Along with recycled wastewater, it is one of the few rainfall-independent water sources.However,in the current condition,seawater cannot be used directly because of the high salinity.To solve it,many methods of desalination are adopted. Desalination is a process ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Nuclear desalination by waste heat utilisation in an advanced heavy water reactor

    The use of thorium for nuclear power generation is an important element of the Indian atomic energy programme. The design and development of the Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) is a step in this direction. Intensive design activity is underway to set up a 300-MWe AHWR. The design of the AHWR incorporates several features to simplify the design and to eliminate certain systems and components, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination utilising waste heat by low-temperature evaporation

    Utilisation of waste heat is one of the ecofriendly ways to produce low-cost desalted water. Keeping this in mind, Low-Temperature Evaporation (LTE) desalination technology utilising low-quality waste heat in the form of hot water (as low as 50?C) or low-pressure steam (0.13 bar) has been developed to produce high-purity water (conductivity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in nuclear desalination

    The Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP) at Kalpakkam aims to demonstrate the safe and economic production of good quality water by desalination of seawater comprising 4,500 m³/d Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) and 1,800 m³/d Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant. The design of the hybrid MSF–RO plant to be set up at an existing nuclear power station is presented. The MSF plant based on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The future for desalination in the UK

    Documento sin título In this feature article, Anthony Bennett, Technical Director at Clarity, reports on developments in the application ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Breakthrough in energy efficient desalination technology

    Saltworks' proof-tested process employs an innovative thermo-ionic energy conversion system. The energy reduction is achieved by harnessing low temperature heat and atmospheric dryness to overcome the desalination energy barrier. The system works best in the dry regions that need water. Saltworks President Joshua Zoshi said, 'a desalination technology powered by atmospheric dryness is very much ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • The pebble bed modular reactor, desalination challenges and options

    The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is a development lead by Eskom, the South African state power utility. The technology used is based on the previous German HTGR work linked to a direct cycle gas turbine (or Breyton Cycle) being developed in conjunction with Mitsubishi Heavy Industry. The initial commercial plant design has a thermal output of 400 MW with an electrical output (nett) of over ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic efficiencies and GHG emissions of alternative desalination processes

    Three alternative approaches to desalinating seawater were evaluated with respect to their thermodynamic efficiencies and greenhouse-gas emissions. The technologies considered were multistage flash distillation (MSF), reverse osmosis (RO), and membrane distillation (MD). The analysis was based on published stream data from large-scale operational MSF and RO facilities and experimental-scale data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tianjin SDIC Project - China’s Largest Desalination Plant case study

    China’s SDIC (State Development and Investment Corporation) needed a reliable and sustainable supply of clean water near the Tianjin power plant, 200km northeast of Beijing. The plant provides high quality drinking water for the local population, as well as industrial boiler make up and process water for the power plant. IDE’s Multi-Effect ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Experience feedback on operation of low-temperature vacuum evaporation-based desalination plant integrated with CIRUS

    CIRUS is a 40 MWth, heavy water-moderated, light water-cooled and natural uranium-fuelled research reactor located at Trombay, Mumbai. The reactor has been in operation since 1960 with an average availability factor of about 70% for about three decades. During the early 1990s, the reactor exhibited signs of ageing. It was refurbished and put back into operation at high power in 2003. Bhabha ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A very high-temperature reactor self-sustainable oasis concept

    A VHTR-SSO for electricity, fresh water, and hydrogen production has been conceptually designed. The SSO uses a 600 MWth VHTR to drive the power cycle and generate net electricity, of 176 MWe. In the current configuration, about 100 MWe is sent to the power grid and the rest is used in a hybrid MSF-RO desalination plant to produce fresh water at a rate of 182 400 m³/d. Waste heat from the VHTR ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Middle east installation employs brine concentrator

    The Facility Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is an oil exploration and production company located in the Middle East. PDO needed high purity water to feed the oil field steam generator at their new enhanced oil recovery facility at Qarn Alam located in the Oman interior. Aqua-Chem ICD, together with PDO’s consultant, recognized that conventional seawater desalination equipment was ...

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • Water, water everywhere: But is there enough to drink?

    Original story at MIT News At MIT, experts address the challenges of supplying clean, safe water to a growing world population. The challenge of supplying clean, safe drinking water to an expanding world population comes down to money, MIT economist Franklin Fisher ...

  • Does Your Facility Need a Reverse Osmosis or Nanofiltration System?

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and Nanofiltration (NF) are used across a wide variety of industrial applications for removal of dissolved materials from liquid streams. Implemented judiciously, RO and NF are effective strategies for recycling process liquids, reducing waste water, recovering and concentrating dissolved materials, and generating potable water. If your industrial facility requires removal of ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Explore the capabilities of nanofiltration and ultrafiltration. Filters have similar looks, different applications

    Introduction Even if you’re an expert in reverse osmosis (RO) membrane technology, you may be overlooking some applications using often neglected cousins of RO: nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration (UF). Although virtually identical in looks to RO membranes, NF and UF membranes serve distinctly different separation functions. Dramatic levels of resource recovery, efficiency ...

  • Do You Need a Microfiltration or Ultrafiltration Membrane System for Your Plant?

    Determining whether or not an industrial plant needs a microfiltration (MF) and/or ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system isn’t always as straightforward as it seems. While these systems are not essential for every industrial process, when thoughtfully implemented within an intake, process, or waste stream, they can go a long way in improving a facility’s efficiency and/or cutting ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • What are the best companies for Zero Liquid Discharge Equipment and Technology?

    With an increasing push for environmental protection, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are making decisions that lessen their impact on the environment and human health. Changes and implementations are constantly being discussed and met both nationally and internationally to change the way industrial facilities discharge waste, and it is important to know which companies are the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Climate Change and Wealth Creation

    Sir Richard Branson, Chair of the Virgin Group of companies, was once quoted as saying “Climate Change is the biggest wealth creating opportunity of our generation”. He is probably right. Every environmental problem, challenge or risk factor carries with it the potential for solutions, and those solutions often have the makings of a business opportunity. That is ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

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