waste treatment options Articles

  • What are the treatment options for landfill leachate?

    New contributor to Water/Waste Processing aims to answer readers’ most pressing questions It’s said the United States has 1,654 landfills, handling more than 250-million tons of trash each year. One Washington landfill covers a 2,545-acre area, has a 120-million-ton capacity and a 40-year expected trash-receiving life. The facility, the Republic ...

  • Landfill Leachate Sources and Treatment Options

    What is leachate? In a lab, it is any liquid that extracts solids as it passes through matter. In a landfill, it is the water that enters the facility in a number of ways, passes through waste material on contact, contains a wide range of constituents, and must be addressed with a proper operations plan. Leachate treatment options and mitigation are one of the greatest costs for landfill ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Treatment Options for Molten Sulfur Storage

    Documento sin título ...


    By Merichem Company

  • Food waste – global warming potentials of the options

    Food waste (FW) is a problem and an opportunity. This paper will review the alternativen routes for its management. In the UK, the majority of FW is still landfilled. Traditionally, FW has been fed to pigs but part of the reaction to the 2001 outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the UK was to ban this “swill feeding” and introduce stringent requirements for treating FW that later was the basis ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Characterisation of medical-waste sterilisation-plant wastewater and a preliminary study of coagulation–flocculation treatment options

    Wastewater from a medical-waste sterilisation plant (MWSP) contains unique pollutants and requires on-site treatment to prevent contamination of the municipal sewage system and receiving water bodies. Therefore, to meet the prescribed discharge standards and comply with the legal regulations, pre-treatment must be applied to MWSP wastewater. In this study, the capabilities of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing Capacity Expansion and Waste Minimization Options at a Chemical Manufacturing Facility

    ABSTRACTIndustrial wastewater treatment facilities that are nearing their capacity limit often have a relief option that typically is not available to municipal treatment facilities. That option is to reduce waste loads coming from the production areas by optimizing manufacturing processes so that less waste is generated per pound of product made. In making the decision between reducing waste ...

  • Towards a complete recycling of phosphorus in wastewater treatment – options in Germany

    Global reserves of mineral phosphorus are finite and the recycling of phosphorus from wastewater, a significant sink for phosphorus, can contribute to a more sustainable use. In Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands, an increasing percentage of municipal sewage sludge is incinerated and the contained phosphorus is lost. This paper reviews current technologies and shows that a complete ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative sanitation options for households and communities

    The resource-intensive wastewater collection and treatment systems found in many parts of the developed world are not feasible for meeting the sanitation[1] needs of the less developed regions still lacking or having poor sanitation.  Establishment and maintenance costs are high and large amounts of energy are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spiral-Wound Sepralators: The Range of Options

    Introduction Spiral-wound membrane elements (sepralators) were used mainly for basic water purification until the mid to late 1970s, when broader uses began to receive attention. New applications often required special consideration such as; sanitary construction for the dairy industry, high temperature for food processes and waste streams, and high pressure capability for desalination. In ...


  • Efficient Waste Water Treatment

    Clean drinking water is an essential need of mankind. Often surface water like rivers or lakes is used as drinking water source. To prevent these resources from pollution the effective treatment of waste water is a must. For example in China 75% of discharged waste water is coming from pulp and paper, textile and dyeing industries. To run a waste water treatment plant in the most efficient way ...


    By J.V. Niebergall CDH

  • Treatment of Oily-Waste Process Streams

    Standard oily-wastewater remediation relies on API 650 for oily-wastewater separation (O/W/S) treatment using gravimetric lagoon separation, then reprocessing the recovered floatable slop oil, followed by chemical flocculation, then reprocessing the recovered oily sludge, followed by dissolved air flotation (DAF), then using holdingpond clarification of supernatant wastewater, before ...


  • Alternative stabilisation options of mechanically sorted organic fraction from municipal solid waste prior to landfill disposal

    In order to foresee the measures of the Directive 1999/31/EC, waste management policies are focused on the reduction of organic matter landfill disposal, through the recovering of the organic waste stream or the pre-treatment of residual wastes before landfilling. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of possible stabilisation treatments of the mechanically sorted organic fraction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biological waste management of leather tannery effluents in India: current options and future research needs

    This paper reviews the major biological treatment methods applied for tannery effluents in India. Anaerobic methods and activated sludge process have been the preferred treatment options. Sequencing batch reactor process holds promise for tannery effluents but the technology is yet to see the light of the day in India. Design of aerobic systems needs major overhaul through modelling approaches of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic Digestion technologies for the treatment of Municipal Solid Waste

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is used in several regions worldwide and systems span a range of design options including wet, dry, thermophilic, mesophilic, batch, continuous, single-stage, and multi-stage configurations. This paper reviews a number of commercial and emerging solid waste digestion systems discussing performance and costs. Systems yield 250?710 m³ of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Centralised treatment of oil sludge and other industrial waste

    Centralised treatment of various sources of industrial waste has been established in many European countries over the last decade. Many facilities are still equipped with non state of the art technology and therefore cannot fulfil the broad field of applications with regard to industrial waste remediation. econ's international client decided to be one step ahead and erected a new econ industries ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Online Odors Monitoring in Waste Water Treatment Plants

    Odors are very distinct air contaminants as they generate nuisances (see note at the end). The factors playing a role in the determination of odor annoyance are : odor concentration and intensity, frequency, appreciation, duration, synergy and location. Chromatotec proposes an automated solution to well identify the origin and the level of odors. Technology Description We offer a ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Mechanical biological treatment for municipal solid waste

    A major portion of municipal solid waste (MSW) is dumped in unsanitary landfills in India. To protect the environment, there is an urgent need to develop a technology which could handle the increasing MSW quantities and enhance resource recovery. Mechanical biological treatment (MBT) is considered a potential method for dealing with heterogenous MSW. Proper mechanical sorting can make the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, & the Role of Anaerobic Digesters

    An internet search for manure-related spills can lead to an exhausting list of news articles and images of catastrophic environmental damage. In Wisconsin alone, the ...


    By BIOFerm™ Energy Systems

  • Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, and the Role of Anaerobic Digesters

    Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, and the Role of Anaerobic Digesters FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE By Steven Sell, Biologist & Application Engineer Wednesdays August 27, 2014 ...


    By BIOFerm™ Energy Systems

  • Recycle of waste backwash water in ultrafiltration drinking water treatment processes

    In drinking water treatment, ultrafiltration (UF) membrane systems are generally operated at 90 to 95% recovery with production losses resulting from waste residual streams such as backwash water and clean-in-place (CIP) liquid residuals. In drought-prone regions, it may be desirable to apply alternative UF plant design configurations to increase recovery rates and minimize water loss. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

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