wastewater chlorination Articles

  • Chlorine Disinfection of Blended Wastewater Effluents

     KeywordsBlended Wastewater, Disinfection IntroductionFlow to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) increases during wet weather events, due to intrusion of storm water into sanitary collection systems and use of combined sewer systems. When such flows exceed the hydraulic capacity of a POTW alternate flow management techniques must be employed to ensure that ...

  • Effect of wastewater chlorination on endocrine disruptor removal

    Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are compounds of mainly anthropogenic origin that interfere with the endocrine system of animals and humans thus causing a series of disorders. Wastewater treatment plants are one of the major routes for transporting such chemicals to the water courses. In the context of this study, several chlorination batch tests were performed in order to assess the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Change in genotoxicity of wastewater during chlorine dioxide and chlorine disinfections and the influence of ammonia nitrogen

    The effects of chlorine dioxide and chlorine disinfections on the genotoxicity of different biologically treated sewage wastewater samples were studied by umu-test. The experiment results showed that when chlorine dioxide dosage was increased from 0 to 30 mg/L, the genotoxicity of wastewater first decreased rapidly and then tended to be stable, while when the chlorine dosage was increased from 0 ...


    By Springer

  • Chemistry of Chlorine Application and Production for the Disinfection of Water and Wastewater

     ABSTRACT A thorough understanding of chlorine and sodium hypochlorite chemistry is essential in optimizing their usage in disinfection of water and wastewater. High price of both chemicals and hazards involved in their transportation to plant sites have prompted many utilities to consider generation of these chemical on-site. A detailed discussion of the critical engineering concepts ...

  • Factors Affecting Cyanide Generation in Chlorinated Wastewater Effluent Matrix

    ABSTRACTFalse positives for cyanide analysis in wastewaters have been reported. We examined the effects of storage time at high pH and of pH adjustments on the cyanide levels. Cyanide levels changed within the holding time allowed by Standard Methods. We also studied the difference in cyanide levels using two disinfection conditions -- breakpoint chlorination and chloramination. Glycine was used ...

  • Refinery Wastewater: Benefits of Remediation Using Electrocoagulation

    Crude oil is a fossil fuel formed from long-dead organisms subjected to intense heat and pressure underground. This resource is the main ingredient in the production of gasoline, diesel fuel, lubricants, kerosene, propane, and asphalt. All of these products can be made in a single refinery through a complex branching series of chemical processes. The central process is atmospheric distillation ...

  • The effect of chlorine and combined chlorine/UV treatment on coliphages in drinking water disinfection

    Chlorine disinfection is a globally used method to ensure the safety of drinking water. However, it has not always been successful against viruses and, therefore, it is important to find new methods to disinfect water. Seventeen different coliphages were isolated from the treated municipal wastewater. These coliphages and MS2 were treated with different dosages of chlorine in drinking water, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Titanium Dioxide Wastewater

    A large amount of waste acid is produced in the production of titanium dioxide, a large amount of high-salt wastewater is generated in the post-treatment process, and some titanium dioxide is still lost after the CN filter. On the one hand, the titanium white industry suffers from increasingly strict Environmental constraints, on the other hand, waste acid, water, and titanium dioxide resources ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • On-Site Chlorine Generation Feasibility Study

     ABSTRACT Gaseous chlorine has been effectively used for disinfection in drinking water and wastewater treatment for decades. While various regulatory programs have placed numerous restrictions on the uses of this chemical due to its hazardous nature, recent focus on the possibility of a terrorist attack at a drinking water or wastewater facility, has underscored the potential hazard ...

  • Titanium Dioxide Wastewater

    Titanium Dioxide Wastewater A large amount of waste acid is produced in the production of titanium dioxide, a large amount of high-salt wastewater is generated in the post-treatment process, and some titanium dioxide is still lost after the CN filter. On the one hand, the titanium white industry suffers from increasingly strict Environmental constraints, on the other hand, waste acid, water, and ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Ideal for onsite chlorine applications - Case Study

    Water treatment could be applied to various fields, our anodes are currently used for Sodium Hypochlorite and Electrolysis of water. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a compound that can be effectively used for water purification. It is used on a large scale for surface purification, bleaching, odor removal and water disinfection. It can be also applied in sanitary wastewater and industrial ...


    By BioMicrobics, Inc.

  • Chlorine Safety and Prevention: How to Protect Yourself from Chlorine Leaks

    While chlorine gas is widely used in swimming pools, water treatment facilities, cleaning products, pharmaceutical products, and in many other industries, the gas is highly toxic when handled improperly. Training your workers on how to safely use chlorine is one part of health and safety best practices; monitoring your workplace for chlorine leaks is another. Learn about the hidden dangers in ...

  • A Comparison of Operating Strategies – Chlorine vs UV

    ABSTRACTCity of Scott’s Valley owns and operates a 1.5 mgd activated sludge wastewater treatment plant. Currently about 0.3 mgd of the secondary effluent is diverted to the recycled water facility. Two chlorine disinfection alternatives (both using liquid sodium hypochlorite) and UV disinfection were considered to all the facility to achieve high level (Title 22) disinfection requirements from ...

  • Peracetic Acid – is it an Environmentally Friendly Alternative to Chlorine?

     ABSTRACT Concerns with chlorine disinfection have led to investigation of alternative disinfectants for use in the environmental arena. Are there environmentally safe alternatives to chlorine? Is peracetic acid one among these? Peracetic acid is one among several chemicals that have been touted as a replacement in recent years. Peracetic acid is very effective in killing bacteria, ...

  • Key Operating Strategies for Chlorine Disinfection Operating Systems

    ABSTRACTChlorine has been used as a standard for disinfecting wastewater for many years. While being the standard There are many levels of automation for control of disinfection. To select the best control approach for your facility both control strategies and chlorination chemistry must be understood. Permit conditions must also be fully identified; organism concentrations and operational data. ...

  • Innovative Solutions for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    Chlorination and UV light are currently the most common methods used for disinfection of wastewater. While these processes are generally well-adapted to community or municipal installations, their operation and maintenance needs present some limitations to assure sustainable performance at the level of individual wastewater treatment systems. As reported in many papers (U.S. EPA. 1999), use of ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • Performic acid for advanced wastewater disinfection

    The disinfection efficiency of performic acid (PFA) against various microbial contaminants has been studied in municipal secondary effluent. The study demonstrated that PFA provides rapid, efficient and safe disinfection, degrading both bacteria and viruses even at low doses. The resistance order starting from the most resistant microorganism is as follows: MS2-coliphages > DNA-coliphages ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment: Out with Conventional, in with Sustainable Wastewater Treatment

    The question?Water is one of the world’s most vital resources. It is critical to the survival of every living creature on the planet. The average human can only go a few days without consuming water in some capacity. Health experts stress drinking fluids throughout the day to remain properly hydrated. However, in some parts of the world, water is hard to obtain. Either there are no sources ...

  • A Four Channel Gas Detector for Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Common hazardous gases found in wastewater treatment plant facilities are hydrogen sulphide, methane, ammonia, carbon monoxide, chlorine and oxygen deficiency. Some facilities may also use ozone, chlorine dioxide or sodium hypochlorite with the chlorine during the sanitization treatment process. Furthermore, sulphur dioxide is often used to de-chlorinate the water once the treatment process is ...

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