wastewater diffuser Articles

  • Institutional trajectory for diffusing on-site wastewater treatment in urban China

    Urban water scarcity has been an issue for a long time in China while water pollution has attracted more and more attention over the last two decades. Recently, on-site wastewater treatment (OST) has been proposed as a meaningful alternative to deal with both water pollution and water scarcity in cities in a more sustainable way. However, the diffusion of such an OST system is still slow and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • My diffuser goes up to eleven, actually twelve

    Abstract Fine pore membrane diffusers arc used extensively worldwide for aeration of activated sludge basins. Aeration can account for as much as 60% of a plant's energy usage (Rosso, et al. 2005). Pore fouling and membrane material degradation can reduce energy efficiency of fine pore membrane diffusers to 50% of the original efficiency after just a few years of operation. Tins work ...


    By Aquaconsult Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Evaluation of polishing of the effluent from UASB reactor by diffusers

    Effluents from bench scale 56 L upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and four UASB based sewage treatment plants (STPs) of capacities ranging from 27 ML/d to 70 ML/d were aerated in batch as well as in continuous mode of operation. The process was monitored by measuring temporal trend in Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Activated Sludge Diffusion Provides Cost Effective Biological Odor Control at Two Texas Wastewater Treatment Facilities

    ABSTRACTDuring recent expansions of the Rowlett Creek Regional WWTP in Plano, Texas and the Wilson Creek Regional WWTP in Lucas, Texas, activated sludge diffusion (ASD) biological odor control systems were installed to treat hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other gaseous compounds. The ASD systems treat foul air collected from various sources, including headworks and primary distribution structures, ...

  • Biodegradation of lipids from olive oil mill wastewaters in a stationary basket bioreactor with immobilized Bacillus spp. cells – Influence of internal diffusion

    The study is focused on the external and internal mass transfers of lipids during their biodegradation process in a bioreactor with stationary basket bed of immobilized Bacillus spp. cells. By means of the lipid mass balance for a single particle of biocatalyst, considering the kinetic model adapted for the immobilized bacterial cells, specific mathematical models have been developed to estimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm carriers / MBBR carrier media and their respective diffusion depth

    Within the biological wastewater treatment sector, it can increasingly be observed that biofilm carriers are applied in so-called Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors (MBBR). Thereby, the MBBR process is not only used to great success for the purification of domestic sewage but also in the sector of industrial wastewater and aquaculture systems. The availability of high-performance ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Full scale evaluation of diffuser ageing with clean water oxygen transfer tests

    Aeration is a crucial part of the biological wastewater treatment in activated sludge systems and the main energy user of WWTPs. Approximately 50 to 60% of the total energy consumption of a WWTP can be attributed to the aeration system. The performance of the aeration system, and in the case of fine bubble diffused aeration the diffuser performance, has a significant impact on the overall plant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of UASB based sewage treatment plant in India: polishing by diffusers an alternative

    In India, recently, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) based sewage treatment plants (STPs) have come up in a big way. Sequence adopted: screens- grit chambers- UASB reactors followed by one-day detention ponds (DP). Performance of DPs located at five STPs (27–70 ML/d) was evaluated over a period of one year from July 2004 to July 2005. The installation of these non-algal ponds reduced land ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of activated sludge diffusion for biological treatment of hydrogen sulphide gas emissions

    Odours from wastewater treatment plants are comprised of a mixture of various gases with hydrogen sulphide (H2S) often being the dominant constituent. Activated sludge diffusion (ASD) as a biotreatment system for odour abatement has been conducted for over 30 years but has limited broad application due to disagreement in the literature regarding the effect that ASD may have on wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • The natural way to clean wastewater

    John Todd founded Ocean Arks International in the 1980s, where he started to experiment with processes that mimic natural ways to purify wastewater. He built a greenhouse and ran sewage through a series of tanks, with plants suspended in the flowing waters, and constructed marshes made of sand and gravel. No chemicals were added, but plenty of aquatic creatures from snails to small fish were ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Applications of ozone for modern wastewater treatment

    Modern Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) efficiently eliminate organic pollution down to Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Suspended Solids (SS) values of less than 30 mg/l. However, these treated effluents still contain biologically Persistent Organic Matter (POM), characterised by a Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of between 50 and more than 100 mg/l. Industrial WWTP effluents have COD ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wastewater lagoons – a new aeration concept

    The use of wastewater treatment lagoons, or stabilization ponds, is a common practice for rural municipalities and industrial facilities. Through the years there have been numerous designs for these ‘sludge settling basins,’ ranging from facultative, partial aerated, and fully aerated systems. But the primary reason for these systems is to utilize relatively shallow earthen ponds, or ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Integral Model for Turbulent Buoyant Jets in Unbounded Stratified Flows Part 2: Plane Jet Dynamics Resulting from Multiport Diffuser Jets

    Abstract  An integral model for the plane buoyant jet dynamics resulting from the interaction of multiple buoyant jet effluxes spaced along a diffuser line is considered as an extension of the round jet formulation that was proposed in Part I. The receiving fluid is given by an unbounded ambient environment with uniform density or stable density stratification and under stagnant or steady ...


    By Springer

  • Alpha Factors in Full-Scale Wastewater Aeration Systems

    ABSTRACTSurface active agents depress gas transfer at gas-liquid interfaces. They are present as measurable trace contaminants at all environmental and at most industrial gas-liquid interfaces. This paper presents the results of several studies, including lab and full scale studies that show the depression of gas transfer, usually quantified by the alpha factor, can be related to the Reynolds ...

  • Analysis of acid transport through multi-phase epoxy mortars for wastewater structures

    The characteristics of acid migration through epoxy mortars were examined. Diffusion coefficients of typical sewer bio-metabolised acids: sulphuric, nitric, citric and oxalic acids were determined by gravimetric sorption method and fitted to the multi-phase Jacob–Jones model. Acid permeation was characterised by hindered pore diffusion with the extent being determined by the polarity of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge Reduction: Technologies Integrated in the Wastewater Handling Units

    Addition of chemical metabolic uncouplers The process of uncoupled metabolism has been studied since the ’90s for the reduction of sludge production. It can be obtained by using chemical metabolic uncouplers such as chlorinated and nitrated phenols, or 3,3’,4’,5-tetrachlorosalicylanilide (TCS). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Novel catalytic and mechanistic studies on wastewater denitrification with hydrogen

    The present work reports up-to-date information regarding the reaction mechanism of the catalytic hydrogenation of nitrates in water media. In the present mechanistic study, an attempt is made, for the first time, to elucidate the crucial role of several catalysts and reaction parameters in the mechanism of the NO3−/H2 reaction. Steady-state isotopic transient kinetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bord na Móna introduces new wastewater technologies

    Bord na Móna Environmental Products U.S. Inc., the American market subsidiary of the $550-million Bord na Móna group based in Dublin, Ireland, introduced three new wastewater treatment solutions and new odor/VOC control technologies at WEFTEC.08 in Chicago, Ill. The company said it was significantly expanding its commitment to the U.S. market through the ongoing development of environmentally ...


    By Anua - Bord na Móna Limited

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