wastewater heavy metal removal Articles

  • Use of aquatic plants in removing heavy metals from wastewater

    Phytotechnologies involving use of plants for pollutant removal gained importance during the last two decades. Terrestrial and aquatic plants possess high metal sorption capacity, and hence find their use as inexpensive materials for removing metals from environment. Aquatic biomass irrespective living or dead, exhibits capacity to remove heavy metals from wastewater. The sequestration of heavy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge

    Nitric acid leaching processes were evaluated for removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge from an industrial and municipal wastewater plant. The study showed that an acid:water ratio of 1:1 and a nitric acid concentration of 2 mol 1−1 gave efficient removal of 86.7%, 100% and 100% of copper, nickel and arsenic.Keywords: heavy metals, nitric acid leaching, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by limestone

    This study focused on the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) using reagent solutions by natural limestone in a batch system. The sorbent, collected from the Late Cretaceous limestone beds, Tunisia, was characterised by X–ray diffraction (XRD), chemical analysis (XRF) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). XRF showed that the studied limestone contained high amount of calcium carbonates. XRD ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heavy metal removal from wastewater using various adsorbents: a review

    Heavy metals are discharged into water from various industries. They can be toxic or carcinogenic in nature and can cause severe problems for humans and aquatic ecosystems. Thus, the removal of heavy metals from wastewater is a serious problem. The adsorption process is widely used for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater because of its low cost, availability and eco-friendly nature. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanisms of heavy metal removal using microorganisms as biosorbent

    Release and distribution of heavy metals through industrial wastewaters has adverse affects on the environment via contamination of surface- and ground-water resources. Biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions has been proved to be very promising, offering significant advantages such as low cost, availability, profitability, ease of operation, and high efficiency, especially when ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of various agricultural wastes for the removal of heavy metal ions

    There is a need to develop innovative and alternative technologies that can remove toxic heavy metal pollutants from wastewater. In this study, two agricultural residues, cotton stalks and apricot seeds, were used to adsorb copper and lead in solutions. Sorption capacities of agricultural wastes were significantly affected by solution pH, adsorbent mass and adsorbent particle size. The adsorption ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Imprinted polymers for the removal of heavy metal ions from water

    In wastewater treatment, the removal of heavy metals is difficult due to the limited affinity of heavy metal ions to ion exchange resins. Here imprinting polymerization is used to develop resins with high capacity and selectivity for heavy metal ions for water treatment. A random copolymer of methacrylate and methacrylamide was found to be most effective for the removal of hydrophilic metal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of COD, colour and heavy metal from wastewater using electro–chemical technique

    The effects of applied electric charge (0–200 Amp–min) and pH on the removal of colour and COD from textile wastewater have been analysed. Mild steel plates have been used as electrodes in both parallel and series connections. For colour and COD removal, four electrodes each with a surface area of 177.3 cm² and with inter–electrode distance of 2.3 cm in parallel connection ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal performance of heavy metals in MBR systems and their influence in water reuse

    The removal performance of heavy metals by two experimental full-scale membrane bioreactors (microfiltration and ultrafiltration) and the influence of activated sludge total suspended solid (TSS) concentration were studied under real operational conditions. Influent and effluent Be, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Ba, Sn, Sb, Pb and U concentrations were analysed by inductively ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of heavy metal ions by natural and synthesised zeolites for wastewater treatment

    The removal of heavy metal ions, Pb(II) and Cu(II), by adsorption using natural zeolite (NZ), synthesised zeolite (MCM-22) (SZ), and powdered activated carbon (PAC), were examined and compared. The influences of contact time, solution pH and adsorbate concentration have been tested in kinetic runs. The equilibrium sorption capacities of copper and lead ions on NZ, SZ and PAC were found to be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Leaching of heavy metals from wastewater sludge, using a thermostatted column

    We have previously patented a process for the extraction of toxic and valuable metals from foundry sands using a thermostatted column. In this paper, we describe a similar device for the removal of toxic metals from wastewater sludge. The wastes were finely ground and suspended in an aqueous pulp, and 10-40g of mineral acid or sodium hydroxide were added to reach a pH of 2, 5, 7 and 10, together ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals

    This article reviews recent advances in phytofiltration of arsenic and toxic heavy metals from contaminated water ecosystems. Arsenic and metal contamination in drinking and non-drinking water has created global environmental health concerns. Phytofiltration using aquatic and terrestrial plants has promising potential for the ex situ and in situ clean-up of these waters. An arsenic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative evaluation of collectors for metal removal by precipitation/flotation

    This paper describes a comparative evaluation of collectors for metal removal by precipitation/flotation in samples of wastewaters from an electroplating industry. Precipitation/flotation was found to be successful over a great range of pH (3-12). The toxic metal ions lead (II), nickel (II), tin (II), iron (II) and aluminium (III) were stripped from contaminated industrial samples to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Organic matter and heavy metal removals from complexed metal plating effluent by the combined electrocoagulation/Fenton process

    In the present study, the treatment of metal plating wastewater containing complexed metals originating from the nickel and zinc plating process by electrocoagulation (EC) using stainless steel electrodes was explored. In order to improve the organic matter removal efficiency, the effect of H2O2 addition to the electrocoagulation (the combined EC/Fenton process) application was investigated. For ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aluminosilicate-based adsorbent in equimolar and non-equimolar binary-component heavy metal removal systems

    Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) are toxic heavy metals commonly used in various industries. The simultaneous presence of these metals in wastewater amplifies the toxicity of wastewater and the complexity of the treatment process. This study has investigated the selective behavior of an aluminosilicate-based mesoporous adsorbent. It has been demonstrated that when equimolar quantities of the metals ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of cadmium ion from wastewater by carbon-based nanosorbents: a review

    A green environment and a healthy life are dream projects of today's science and technology to save the world. Heavy metal ions in water affect both environment and human health. Cadmium has been identified as one of the heavy metals that causes acute or chronic toxic effects if ingested. Increasing use of cadmium in different technological fields has raised concern about its presence and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative use of silvichemical biomass and its derivatives for heavy metal sorption from wastewater

    Biosorption is a process of metabolism-independent, passive, physico-chemical binding of metal ions involving non-living biomass, which offers advantages over conventional methods because of cost-effectiveness, especially for dilute metal solutions, and minimal environmental impact. This paper reviews heavy metal biosorption using silvichemical-based biomass materials. It discusses the use of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Conditions for the Precipitation of Heavy Metals from Wastewater by the Lime Sulfurated Solution (Calcium Polysulfide) Process

    A new chemical precipitation process utilizing CaSx solution as a single coagulant was tested for the removal of heavy metals from a batch stirred vessel. The precipitation of heavy metals from the simulated wastewater was investigated under varing conditions of pH, temperature, and heavy metal concentrations. Several agitating speeds were studied for the gases (atmospheric air and C02 gas) blown ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Effect of sludge age on heavy metal biosorption by selector activated sludge

    The influence of sludge age on the metal biosorption characteristics of an aerobic selector-activated sludge was investigated. Two bench-scale aerobic-activated sludge systems were operated at sludge ages of 5 days and 15 days for studying biosorption of Cu and Cr(VI). In-vitro batch experiments were performed to compare biosorption characteristics of the sludge samples harvested from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The construction of an engineered bacterium to remove cadmium from wastewater

    The removal of cadmium (Cd) from wastewater before it is released from factories is important for protecting human health. Although some researchers have developed engineered bacteria, the resistance of these engineered bacteria to Cd have not been improved. In this study, two key genes involved in glutathione synthesis (gshA and gshB), a serine acetyltransferase gene (cysE), a Thlaspi ...


    By IWA Publishing

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