wastewater network Articles

  • GPR goes underground: Pipe Penetrating Radar

    Abstract: Pipe Penetrating Radar (PPR) is the underground in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) either robotically or by manned entry to reveal wall thickness, delamination, voids, and other conditions that enable more precise determination of pipeline integrity and verifications for trenchless technology rehabilitation. PPR, when applied to pipe-bursting applications, can ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Prediction of water and wastewater networks rehabilitation based current age and material distribution

    Ageing drinking water, stormwater and sewer pipe networks imply an increased degree of rehabilitation. The need for rehabilitation can be predicted using lifetime distribution functions together with current network age and material distribution. In Sweden, current age and material distribution is neither documented on a national level, nor for many water utilities on a local level. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predicting wastewater temperatures in sewer pipes using abductive network models

    A predictive modelling technique was employed to estimate wastewater temperatures in sewer pipes. The simplicity of abductive predictive models attracts large numbers of users due to their minimal computation time and limited number of measurable input parameters. Data measured from five sewer pipes over a period of 12 months provide 33,900 training entries and 39,000 evaluation entries to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a diagnostic tool: the wastewater collection network odour wheel

    The assessment of nuisance odour problems and the application of an effective odour management programme for the associated industrial activity may be achieved using a representative odour wheel and Odour Profile Analysis methodology. The odour wheel is a very useful tool for conducting odour quality control monitoring and developing a constructive dialogue regarding nuisance odours with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • IWA Smart Networks Cluster (SNC)

    Future networks need to be resource efficient, in regards to using less energy, enable easy recovery of resources from wastewater and reduce water losses in distribution systems. At the same time, performance and service levels need to meet ever stringent standards whilst investments and ongoing maintenance of infrastructure are cost-effective. Integral to such networks will be technologies that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Need for a Total View of Water Networks

    The water industry is not short of software offerings, and so the arguments in favour of yet another software program had better be very good indeed. In this article we examine how one very significant community of users – operations managers, engineers and planners - have largely had their specific needs overlooked; we identify the type of system needed to fulfil their requirements and the ...


    By Innovyze

  • Artificial neural network modeling of the effluent quality index for municipal wastewater treatment plants using quality variables: south of Tehran wastewater treatment plant

    Using treated wastewater could be a realistic solution for the scarcity of fresh water in Iran; therefore, effluent quality evaluation is an essential task. In the present study, the effluent quality index (EQI) for south of Tehran municipal wastewater treatment plant was found considering eight quality parameters and sub-index formulae method. Further, with the help of an artificial neural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mullite ceramic membranes for industrial oily wastewater treatment: experimental and neural network modeling

    In this paper, results of an experimental and modeling of separation of oil from industrial oily wastewaters (desalter unit effluent of Seraje, Ghom gas wells, Iran) with mullite ceramic membranes are presented. Mullite microfiltration symmetric membranes were synthesized from kaolin clay and α-alumina powder. The results show that the mullite ceramic membrane has a high total organic carbon and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of an artificial neural network in wastewater quality monitoring: prediction of water quality index

    Water bodies have become more and more polluted owing to discharge of industrial waste. Therefore, it has been the chief concern of scientists, engineers and ecologists to decrease the water pollution level around the globe to maintain living viability and ecological balance. In this paper, the seasonal and positional variation of wastewater parameters in a natural flowing stream has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new systematic technique for retrofit of water network

    This paper presents a new systematic technique for the retrofit of existing water network based on pinch analysis. This technique, which was applied on a paper mill, consists of three main steps: Network Diagnosis, Network Retrofit and Network Evolution. Network diagnosis step provides a good understanding of the existing water network through the use of a new tool called the Concentration Block ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bioaugmentation In Sewer Network Reduces Sludge Production

    This article describes the effectiveness of bioaugmentation in the sewer network as a strategy to reduce sludge production. Sludge is an obvious by-product generated from the physical, chemical and biological treatment processes of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) as shown in Figure 1. Sludge management, which includes treatment, hauling, and disposal, is one of the biggest burdens facing ...

  • On the usage of artificial neural networks in chlorine control applications for water distribution networks with high quality water

    Artificial neural network (ANN) methodology has found some recent applications as efficient control tools for satisfying free residual chlorine (FRC) levels at critical locations of water distribution systems. This particular research was started to critically investigate the potential and applicability of the ANN approach as a tool for controlling FRC levels for complex water distribution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling Pb(II) adsorption based on synthetic and industrial wastewaters by ostrich bone char using artificial neural network and multivariate non–linear regression

    In this study at first, the most suitable networks of ANN and MNLR models were constructed based on experimental datasets from a laboratory batch mode. Five ANN and MNLR models comprising various combinations of operational parameters were developed. The results showed that ANN5 model characterised by Levenberg–Marquardt learning algorithm and tangent activation function, which used all input ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control of Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) of wastewater treatment systems and sewer networks have attracted much attention since the early 1970s. The developments during the last four decades in on-line instrumentation, computer technology, process understanding and subsequent model development, and control methods have been powerful driving forces for advanced control making ICA ever more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treating wastewater as a resource

    A number of UK landfill operators are turning wastewater into a resource by utilising OTT monitoring and control systems to manage the irrigation of Willow crops (for renewable energy generation) with pre-treated effluent. Background Leachate from landfill sites represents a significant potential environmental liability, extending long into the future after a landfill site has ...

  • Wastewater engineers go with the flow

    The efficiency of maintenance work has been improved by water treatment engineers employing Intellisonde monitors in their final effluent. Designed primarily to measure water quality, the Intellisondes also measure flow, and this reading is being used to detect the accumulation of debris that necessitates a maintenance visit. Wastewater treatment efficiency is often measured by the analysis of ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • A bottom-up approach to estimate dry weather flow in minor sewer networks

    In order to evaluate the feasibility of installing decentralised installations for wastewater reuse in cities, information about flows at specific spots of a sewer is needed. However, measuring intermittent flows in partially filled conduits is a technical task which is sometimes difficult to accomplish. This paper describes a method to model intermittent discharges in small sewers by linking a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Impact of water source management practices in residential areas on sewer networks – a review

    Prolonged drought which has occurred everywhere around the world has caused water shortages, leading many countries to consider more sustainable practices, which are called source management practices (SMPs) to ensure water availability for the future. SMPs include the practices of water use reduction, potable water substitution and wastewater volume reduction such as water demand management, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioaugmentation in Sewer network reduces sludge production case study

    Sludge is an obvious by-product generated from the physical, chemical and biological treatment processes of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) as shown in Figure 1. Sludge management, which includes treatment, hauling, and disposal, is one of the biggest burdens facing municipal plants. The costs of sludge management account for 55% of the total WWTP operating cost and 35° o of the capital ...

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