wastewater phosphorus Articles

  • Effect of phosphorus concentration on phosphorus removal and biomass

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) process was employed to study the effect of biological phosphorus removal (bio-P removal) and P-content in treated sludge with increased phosphorus concentration present in the wastewater. Further, the following four test fractions of raw wastewaters was obtained having different P-concentrations viz., run 1: P-20 mg/L, run 2: P-40 mg/L, run 3: P-60 mg/L, run 4: P-80 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of phosphorus from wastewaters by biomass ashes

    Removal batch assays of phosphates from a synthetic wastewater (SWW) and a pulp and paper mill wastewater (PPWW) with two forestry biomass ashes were performed. The supernatants were not only chemically characterized but also the ecotoxicity was determined using two organisms: Vibrio fischeri and Artemia franciscana. The addition of fly ash and bottom ash to the SWW in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical Phosphorus Removal from Onsite Generated Wastewater

    ABSTRACT Phosphorus originating from onsite generated wastewater is becoming recognized as a major cause of impairment to streams and lakes. Efficient, low maintenance technologies are needed to reduce discharge levels. Removing phosphorus using luxury uptake or precipitation followed by settling, as is common at municipal wastewater treatment plants, is not practical for onsite generated ...

  • How to use Electrocoagulation for Effective removal of Phosphorus in Wastewater

    In this article, we will be discussing phosphorus, the effects of elevated phosphorus levels on an ecosystem, and how innovative electrocoagulation technology can be sustainably used for effective removal of phosphorus in wastewater & water sources. What is Phosphorus? Phosphorus is one of the most common nutrients on the planet. It is formed naturally in nature, and ...

  • Fungal Based Treatment for Nitrogen and Phosphorus Decrease in Wastewater

    Biological nutrient removal (BNR) technology can suffer poor performance or complete failure due to the fastidious nature of the bacteria used in the system. The bacteria involved necessitate strict operating conditions, multiple zones with one or more recycling lines, carbon source augmentation, and efficient aeration. For wastewater treatment plants receiving significant combined sewer ...

  • Effect of pH on Carbon and Phosphorus Transformations in Biological Phosphorus Removal with High Propionate and Acetate Wastewater

    Two parallel VIP/UCT configured BNR systems were operated identically except for acidification of anaerobic zone pH in Train 1 (pH=6.5) versus Train 2 (pH=7.2). Lowering anaerobic zone pH decreased anaerobic P release, and observed yields for biomass decreased from 0.38 mgVSS/mgCOD to 0.28 mgVSS/mgCOD. The net implications for EBPR were a higher Pup/Prel ratio, and a higher biomass P content. In ...

  • Towards a complete recycling of phosphorus in wastewater treatment – options in Germany

    Global reserves of mineral phosphorus are finite and the recycling of phosphorus from wastewater, a significant sink for phosphorus, can contribute to a more sustainable use. In Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands, an increasing percentage of municipal sewage sludge is incinerated and the contained phosphorus is lost. This paper reviews current technologies and shows that a complete ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phosphorus Compliance (ID1592) - Case study

    Location: Village of North Branch, Michigan Problem: Phosphorous levels were too high Solution: SolarBee SB4000v12 mixer with chemical injection pump in pond #2; SB1250v12 mixer in pond #1 Result: Mixers reduce phosphorous and village meets discharge permit level "Thumbs up" for ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • Phosphorus removal using nanofiltration membranes

    A high concentration of phosphorus in wastewater may lead to excessive algae growth and de-oxygenation of the water. In this work, nanofiltration (NF) of phosphorus-rich solutions is studied in order to investigate its potential in removing and recycling phosphorus. Wastewater samples from a pulp and paper plant were first analyzed. Commercial membranes (DK5, MPF34, NF90, NF270, NF200) were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge

    In the following, a method to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge as MAP (magnesiumammonium- phosphate, also called struvite) is to be presented. The process uses sulfuric acid to leach phosphorus out of digested sewage sludge. After solid-/liquid-separation, interfering metal ions in the liquid phase are inactivated through complexation. For the subsequent precipitation of the phosphorus, ...

  • Preliminary analysis of phosphorus flow in Hue Citadel

    Characteristics of waste and wastewater management can affect material flows. Our research investigates the management of waste and wastewater in urban areas of developing countries and its effects on phosphorus flow based on a case study in Hue Citadel, Hue, Vietnam. One hundred households were interviewed to gain insight into domestic waste and wastewater management together with secondary ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the role of inherent Ca2+ in phosphorus removal from wastewater system

    The role of inherent Ca2+ in phosphorus removal from wastewater was evaluated by batch tests. Precipitates were characterized by an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscope with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) system. Effects of inherent Ca2+ on phosphorus removal through basic oxygen furnace slag (BOFS) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simultaneous precipitation of phosphorus in a kraft pulp mill wastewater treatment plant

    Simultaneous precipitation (SP) using iron sulfates in the secondary treatment of elemental chlorine-free (ECF) kraft pulp mill wastewater was studied. In short-term pilot plant studies phosphorus reduction was improved from 58% up to 81% by adding 10 mgFe/L ferrous sulfate in the activated sludge (AS) process. The phosphorus reduction in full-scale experiment was about 80% ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatability and fate of various phosphorus fractions in different wastewater treatment processes

    The increasingly more stringent phosphorus (P) discharge limits, which are below the concentrations reliably achievable with currently available technologies, demand for better understanding of phosphorus removal mechanisms. This study investigated the compositional fractions of phosphorus (P) in various effluents as well as the efficacy of different levels of treatment processes for removing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ferric chloride distribution, Phosphorus reduction in a Wastewater pond- Case study

    Topics: wastewater, ammonia, energy savings, facultative, phosphorus, short-circuiting, treatment savings ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser AG

  • Tertiary Denitrification and very low Phosphorus Limits: a Practical Look at Phosphorus Limitations on Denitrification Filters

    ABSTRACTDeep-bed denitrification filters have been successfully used for over 25 years to meet total nitrogen (TN) limits of 3 mg/L and even lower. In some cases, the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) also have had moderate total phosphorus (TP) limits, in the range of 0.5 to 2 mg/L. More recently, some WWTPs are required to meet very low TN and TP limits simultaneously. For example, as the ...

  • Characterization of phosphorus sources in rural watersheds

    Received for publication February 21, 2008. Correct identification of P sources in rural watersheds is critical for the development of cost-effective measures to combat agriculturally-driven eutrophication. The chemical composition of various storm runoff types (field surface runoff, field drain outfalls, roads, farmyards, and septic tanks) and the receiving streams in three micro (<10 km2) ...

  • Pulp and paper mill aerated lagoon phosphorus optimization

    The Domtar (formerly Weyerhaeuser) Kamloops, BC bleached Kraft pulp mill discharges treated process wastewater to the Thompson River. The River and downstream Kamloops Lake have historically been identified as nutrient sensitive, with phosphorus contributing to algal growth. The BC Ministry of the Environment required that the mill perform a phosphorus optimization study to minimize phosphorus ...

  • The relationship between BOD:N ratio and wastewater treatability in a nitrogen-fixing wastewater treatment system

    A BOD:N:P ratio of 100:5:1 is often used as a benchmark for nutrient addition in nutrient limited wastewaters. The impact of varying nitrogen levels, whilst maintaining phosphorus constant, was studied in a simulated aerated lagoon (BOD:N of 100:0; 100:1.3; 100:1.8; 100:2.7 and 100:4.9). A synthetic wastewater was prepared using methanol, glucose and acetate as the combined carbon source, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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