wastewater reuse Articles

  • Drinking rainwater and reusing wastewater

    Decentralized systems for drinking water processing could make a significant  contribution to the Millennium Development Goals. With the water concept in “self”, Eawag has demonstrated that membrane technology offers the chance to do just that. Lack of drinking water hygiene is one of the main sources of disease transmission worldwide, and in many situations centralized plants ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of nanofiltration for reuse of wastewater

    The present research is a part of efforts to reuse wastewater by applying nanofiltration (NF) method for the secondary treatment of bio–treated wastewater and to check the quality of product water as irrigation water by using various analytical methods. For this, the performances of three different NF membranes (CK, GE–Osmonics; NF–270 and NF–90, Dow–FilmTech) were investigated using a cross–flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ozone as a Disinfecting Agent in The Reuse Of Wastewater

    More and more countries are taking measures to reuse wastewater. This has been prompted by the ever decreasing availability of good quality raw water and the increasing cost of producing potable water. Disinfection is a major treatment step in the direct reuse of reclaimed wastewater to ensure environmental and public health protection. “Disinfection is the destruction, inactivation or removal of ...

  • Risk analysis of wastewater reuse in agriculture

    Two of the main concerns for wastewater reuse in agricultural irrigation are environmental and human security. Different research studies and practices have been developed recently in order to quantify the risk of possible environmental contamination of surface and groundwater resources as well as the risk to public health from enteric viruses. Other, far from negligible, related ...

  • Current and Future Wastewater Reuse in Texas

    ABSTRACTThe reuse of treated wastewater effluent has served as a source of water supply in Texas for decades. While this has often occurred without detailed planning, the formal, planned reuse of treated wastewater effluent is increasing rapidly in the state, especially in the area around the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. To plan for the increased water demand, Texas has been divided into 16 ...

  • Wastewater Wars: Reuse Projects in Texas

    As Texas continues to grapple with an impending deficit of water supplies to meet its future water demands, many water purveyors are looking to their existing resources to meet such needs. Although many water purveyors have already begun planning direct reuse projects, also known as “flange-to-flange” reuse, others have begun to realize the value of wastewater treatment plant discharges. ...

  • Treatment matrix for reuse of upgraded wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn 2003 the Aquarec project sponsored by the European Commission under the 5th Framework Programme was started, aiming at “integrated concepts for reuse of upgraded wastewater with special focus on the European countries”. One of the key elements is the development of a treatment matrix, in which wastewater treatment processes are categorised as a function of the raw wastewater quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Constructed wetlands for wastewater reuse in agriculture

    Deteriorating quality and increasing scarcity of water in Iraq demands a rethink in the way wastewater is managed. We show here that a constructed wetland can assist an existing sewage treatment plan not only to be lower than actual Iraqi effluent standards, but to also meet water quality criteria for reuse in agricultural production. Scarcity is one of several challenges to the Iraqi waters. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential for wastewater reclamation and reuse in Lebanon

    Eleven major wastewater treatment plants are planned for construction along the sea coast of Lebanon to handle the flow from the major urban centres. The plants are expected to generate approximately 640,000 m3 of treated sewage daily, and the effluent is planned to be disposed into the sea. In the light of the water deficiency that the country would be facing in the coming years, the reuse ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Municipal Wastewater

    The uncontrolled disposal to the environment of municipal, industrial and agricultural liquid, solid and gaseous wastes constitutes one of the most serious threats to the sustainability of the human race by contaminating water sources, land and air, and by its potential contribution to global warming. With increasing population and economic growth, treatment and safe disposal of wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water, wastewater & reuse master plan

    Client: Poinciana Utilities Inc.   Completion Date: 2000   Services Provided Master planning Customer and demand projections Water system evaluations Wastewater system evaluations Reuse system evaluations Hydrogeological analysis Computer modeling ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Reuse of Wastewater: Johnson & Johnson Medical

     Johnson & Johnson Medical's Sydney plant is recycling water previously discharged from its water purification system. The project demonstrates that common sense 'low-technology' options for recycling industrial process water can ease pressure on both water supply and sewerage systems, and save money at the same time. Background Johnson & Johnson Medical (J&J) ...


  • Water Reuse

    Water is an increasingly scarce resource for much of the World's population. Global warming, an increasing world population and generally increasing incomes mean the demand for water is likely to rise further. If current trends continue, we will use 40% more water by 2024 than we do now. In industrialised countries much of the water used for non-potable purposes such as industrial applications, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Championship Reuse

    ABSTRACTLas Colinas is a 12,000-acre high quality residential-commercial development in Irving, Texas, located between Fort Worth and Dallas. One of the foremost appeals of the development is the water features such as lakes and canals that are interspersed throughout the property. In order for the development to succeed and maintain its aesthetic appeal, it was necessary to secure dedicated ...

  • Treatment and reuse of wastewater in pesticide 2,4-D production

    Waste-water from the production of pesticide 2,4-D often contains high concentrations of 2,4-DCP and 2,6-D as the primary pollutants. Treatment of waste-water collected from a 2,4-D manufacturer was carried out using a technology combining acidification with hyper-crosslinked resin NDA-150 adsorption process. The overall process recovered 5.4 kg of 2,4-DCP and 0.6 kg of 2,6-D per cubic metre of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wastewater reuse status in the Gaza Strip, Palestine

    Groundwater is the only significant source of water in the Gaza Strip. Currently, special attention has been paid to improve the water resource situation in the regional level. Reuse of wastewater could be one of the main options to develop the water resource in the region. This strategy will lead to reducing the gap of water deficit between supply and demand. The limited reliable data on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Forward osmosis membrane fouling and cleaning for wastewater reuse

    Membrane fouling properties and different physical cleaning methods for forward osmosis (FO) and reverse osmosis (RO) laboratory-scale filtration systems were investigated. The membrane fouling, with respect to flux reduction, was lower in FO than in RO when testing an activated sludge effluent. Cross-flow velocity, air-scouring, osmotic backwashing and effect of a spacer were compared to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green machine takes new tangent on wastewater reuse

    The idea came to Jason Snydmiller while he was on the island of Borneo. At the time, Snydmiller had learned that the super-major – one of the six largest non-state-owned energy companies – he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed callous then, the rule was essential, since locals depended on the water for fishing and prawn ...


  • Reuse of treated wastewater and sewage sludge for fertilization and irrigation

    The objective of the present work was to assess the short term potential of treated wastewater and sewage sludge for ornamental lawn fertilization and irrigation. A field experiment was performed and the following treatments were considered: sewage sludge application + irrigation with public water; sewage sludge application + irrigation with treated wastewater; irrigation with public water; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

    The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although ...


    By IWA Publishing

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