wastewater sampling Articles

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Examining the benefits of HDPE geomembrane

    Comparing various geomembranes for your next geosynthetic application? Don’t overlook high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane. HDPE has been in use for decades and during that time a number of studies have been conducted to test its longevity and ability to meet environmental sustainability project requirements. Here, we explore some of those studies to examine the benefits of HDPE ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Improving Winery Lagoon Performance, Sludge Removal & Efficiency - Case Study

    Overview A winery in California faced the challenge of optimizing and treating their wastewater pond in a sustainable manner. The winery had brush rotors frequently breaking down, which were very difficult and time consuming to repair. They were seeking a more reliable option. Aeration Industries International provided that solution in more ways than one. ...

  • A molecular imprinted polymer based sensor for measuring phosphate in wastewater samples

    Phosphate detection in water samples is still completed using colorimetric standard methods, which have a number of disadvantages, to such as being time consuming, requiring filtration, a number of different reagents, frequent calibration and proper disposal of waste chemicals generated. Hence, a simple cost effective analytical method and instrumentation is highly desirable to aid the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biochemical acidogenic potential in domestic wastewaters: effect of sampling and storage to characterize daily average composite samples

    To estimate the expectable enhanced biological phosphorus removal value of a wastewater, the concentration of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) and the biochemical acidogenic potential (BAP) are generally determined on grab samples of wastewater, as these variables are prone to rapid change after sampling. However, such sampling technique do not take into account the variations of these parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is Wastewater?

    What is wastewater? Wastewater, the waste discharge that first comes to mind in any discussion of stream pollution, is the discharge of domestic wastewater, which contains a large amount of organic waste. Industry also contribute substantial amounts of organic waste, some of which comes from vegetable and fruit packing; dairy processing; meat packing; tanning; processing of poultry, ...

  • Refinery Wastewater

    A refinery was storing wastewater in several tanks and needed to meet the city discharge limits before they were allowed to dispose of the water. The problem was with soluble sulfides (1,000 ppm in the water) as the discharge was 0.5 ppm. Integrated Engineers was contacted to see if they could create a treatment process to reduce the sulfides to discharge limits. Several large water treatment ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Method for outlier detection: a tool to assess the consistency between laboratory data and ultraviolet–visible absorbance spectra in wastewater samples

    Reliable estimations of the evolution of water quality parameters by using in situ technologies make it possible to follow the operation of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), as well as improving the understanding and control of the operation, especially in the detection of disturbances. However, ultraviolet (UV)–Vis sensors have to be calibrated by means of a local fingerprint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New Project Sample - Case Study

    In-house pipe bursting provides a cost-effective solution for I & I reduction Challenge Replace 200 miles of aging sewer pipe at 5 miles/year over 40 years with predictable costs and reliable ROI, to get rid of I/I spikes in one of the wettest climates on America’s West Coast. Solution We help this ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Detection and subtype identification of Blastocystis isolates from wastewater samples in the Philippines

    To provide further evidence of waterborne transmission of Blastocystis, a total of 31 wastewater treatment plants from geographically distinct locations across the Philippines were sampled for influent and effluent sewage samples. In vitro cultivation was the method of choice to increase sensitivity of detection. Blastocystis cysts were detected in 15% (9/62) of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Respirometry study of two different wastewater samples on COD fractioning & biodegradability for a specific activated sludge process and nitrification case study

    Preliminary This service was made according to customer order points and indications from Hydrolab Microbiológica (Surcis collaborator) The client wanted Surcis to carry out a study about COD fractioning and nitrification. For this study the client has provided to Surcis the following: Process type: Activated sludge - Extended aeration 2 ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Application of a novel sampling bailer device for the analysis of dissolved methane concentrations in municipal wastewater during and following anaerobic treatment

    Modern wastewater utilities need to be able to measure and quantify the amount of methane from their treatment facilities in order to understand the potential energy that can be produced and the amount of methane being lost. This paper describes the application of a novel sampling bailer designed for the collection of wastewater samples that minimises methane losses. Samples collected during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrates/nitrites concentration estimation in wastewater samples using transmittance curve models optimized by evolutionary computation techniques

    This paper presents an application of evolutionary computation algorithms in the estimation of the concentration of nitrates/nitrites in water. Specifically, we start from the measured transmittance curves of a water sample and a model of the curve consisting of a mixture of polynomial, Fermi and Gaussian functions. An evolutionary programming algorithm is then used to obtain the optimal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Labile, dissolved and particulate PAHs and trace metals in wastewater: passive sampling, occurrence, partitioning in treatment plants

    The occurrence and the partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and seven metals (Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) were investigated in activated sludge wastewater treatment plants by means of passive and active sampling. Concentrations total dissolved and particulate contaminants were determined in wastewater at several points across the treatment system by means of grab sampling. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oil in Power Plant Wastewater

    The water is from the operations of a steam power plant located in the Bahamas. The water samples were taken from the Unit 31 (lower oil content) and Tank #3 (a higher oil content). The samples were tested and it was found through the jartesting procedures that the Floccin K was the best choice for floc size and water clarity. The Unit 31 was dosed at 0.5 gram in 1,000 ml and the Tank # 3 water ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Physical methods in wastewater treatment

    Physical methods of wastewater treatment are useful in water purification and recycling. We have proposed the role of nanoparticle in combination with ultrasound. Ultrasound (US), nanoparticle (NP) or in combination (US + NP) may offer an attractive proposition in the area of water purification. Ultrasound irradiation applications is that acoustic cavitation can affect a number of mechanical, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge

    Nitric acid leaching processes were evaluated for removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge from an industrial and municipal wastewater plant. The study showed that an acid:water ratio of 1:1 and a nitric acid concentration of 2 mol 1−1 gave efficient removal of 86.7%, 100% and 100% of copper, nickel and arsenic.Keywords: heavy metals, nitric acid leaching, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meat Processing Plant Wastewater

    Traditional Alum & Polymer versus Floccin 1106 The wastewater is currently being treated using conventional chemistry (alum and a polymer). The facility is paying surcharges due to levels of COD at 1,600 ppm and suspended solids TSS) at 500 ppm. The surcharge rates for the local POTW (Publicly Owned Treatment Works) are based on $0.42/lb for TSS and $0.18/lb. for COD. Based on ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Wastewater engineers go with the flow

    The efficiency of maintenance work has been improved by water treatment engineers employing Intellisonde monitors in their final effluent. Designed primarily to measure water quality, the Intellisondes also measure flow, and this reading is being used to detect the accumulation of debris that necessitates a maintenance visit. Wastewater treatment efficiency is often measured by the analysis of ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Pyrethroid insecticides in municipal wastewater

    Pyrethroids are widely used insecticides, but there is minimal published information on their presence in municipal wastewater in the United States. Pyrethroids in wastewater from the Sacramento, California area, consisted of permethrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, and cyhalothrin with a combined concentration of 200–500 ng/L. Sampling within the wastewater collection system leading to the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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