wastewater treatment bacteria Articles

  • Significance of indicator bacteria in a regionalised wastewater treatment plant and receiving waters

    A regional wastewater treatment plant was found to be discharging high concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria in excess of acceptable surface water criteria. An investigation of the sources of those bacteria showed their origins to have been environmental, primarily from a pulp and paper mill. False positive and false negative fecal coliforms were also found and enumerated. These bacteria were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cyanobacteria and bacteria co-occurrence in a wastewater treatment plant: absence of allelopathic effects

    Fifty-one cyanobacteria strains, belonging to Phormidium autumnale, Planktothrix mougeotii, Limnotrix sp. and Synechocystis sp. species, were isolated during a twelve months period, from a Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) located in the north of Portugal. Isolated strains and environmental samples were analyzed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors affecting population of filamentous bacteria in wastewater treatment plants with nutrients removal

    Filamentous population in activated sludge and key operational parameters of full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with bulking problems representative for Poland were investigated with quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization. Statistical analyses revealed few relationships between operational parameters and biovolume of filamentous bacteria. Sludge age was not only ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Inactivation of bacteria and helminth in wastewater treatment plant effluent using oxidation processes

    The contamination of bodies of water by raw and even treated sewage is worrying because pathogens that affect public health and the environment are not fully eliminated in wastewater treatment systems. The disinfection step is an important barrier to adopt to reduce this contamination. However, widely used disinfectants such as chlorine do not guarantee the inactivation of resistant organisms ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacteroides bacteria and their bacteriophages

    There are many sources that can contribute to fecal contamination in water bodies such as domestic wastewaters, wastewater treatment plants, husbandry and farms. Coliform bacteria are a group of bacteria that inhabit in the digestive tracts of human and warm-blooded animals. It can be found in human and animal feces. Therefore, the presence of coliform bacteria can indicate fecal contamination, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the presence of filamentous bacteria

    Wastewater treatment plant operators are now used to problems related to the presence of filamentous bacteria in their wastewater. I remember a time where we would struggle with clarification problems, foaming problems, excess TSS in effluent, flocculation problems etc. and not being aware of the presence of filamentous bacteria causing those issues. Now almost every wastewater operator ...


    By Probiosphere Inc.

  • Characteristics of developed granules containing selected decolourising bacteria for the degradation of textile wastewater

    Textile wastewater, one of the most polluted industrial effluents, generally contains substantial amount of dyes and chemicals that will cause increase in the COD, colour and toxicity of receiving water bodies if not properly treated. Current treatment methods include chemical and biological processes; the efficiency of the biological treatment method however, remains uncertain since the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of ultraviolet light disinfection on tetracycline-resistant bacteria in wastewater effluents

    The ubiquitous use of antibiotics has led to an increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains, including strains that are multidrug-resistant, pathogenic, or both. There is also evidence to suggest that antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) spread to the environment, humans, and animals through wastewater effluents. The overall objective of this study was to investigate the effect of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The biological basis of wastewater treatment

    Introduction This booklet was written to fulfil the need for a simple explanation of the biological processes that underpin wastewater treatment. It attempts to show how the bacteria involved deal with the organic carbon in the sewage. Remarkably, there are just 3 major processes involved, and these mirror exactly the 3 major processes at work in the plant viz: biodegradation, oxygen ...

  • Treatment of sulfate-rich and low pH wastewater by sulfate reducing bacteria with iron shavings in a laboratory

    Sulfate-rich wastewater is an indirect threat to the environment especially at low pH. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) could use sulfate as the terminal electron acceptor for the degradation of organic compounds and hydrogen transferring SO42− to H2S. However their acute sensitivity to acidity leads to a greatest limitation of SRB applied in such wastewater treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pyrosequencing estimates of the diversity of antibiotic resistant bacteria in a wastewater system

    Standard protocols for monitoring wastewater treatment efficacy target Escherichia coli and fecal coliforms. This might not accurately describe risks associated with antibiotic resistance in the bacterial population of treated wastewaters. We modified a standard agar recovery method by amending it with various antibiotics. The resulting bacterial colonies were submitted to 454 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Long-term effects of engineered nanoparticles on enzyme activity and functional bacteria in wastewater treatment plants

    The pervasive use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in a wide range of fields raises concerns about their potential environmental impacts. Previous studies confirmed that some NPs had already entered wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Wastewater nutrient removal depends on the metabolisms of activated sludge bacteria and their related key enzymes. Therefore, this study compared the possible ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment: Overview and Background

    SummaryWaste discharges from municipal sewage treatment plants are a significant source of water quality problems throughout the country. States report that municipal discharges are the main source of impairment to estuaries and coastal waters, the second leading source of impaired rivers and streams, and also are a major source of pollution in lakes. Pollutants associated with municipal ...


  • Influence of wastewater disinfection on densities of culturable fecal indicator bacteria and genetic markers

    The US Environmental Protection Agency has proposed the use of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) as a rapid alternative analytical method for monitoring recreational water quality at beaches. For qPCR to be considered for other Clean Water Act purposes, such as inclusion in discharge permits and use in Total Maximum Daily Load calculations, it is necessary to understand how qPCR ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is biological wastewater treatment?

    Biological wastewater treatment harnesses the action of bacteria and other microorganisms to clean water Biological wastewater treatment is a process that seems simple on the surface since it uses natural processes to help with the decomposition of organic substances, but in fact, it’s a complex, not completely understood process at the intersection of biology and ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Biological Wastewater Treatment

    Untitled Document The use of microorganisms to remove contaminants from wastewater is effective and widespread. To choose the right system from the many options offered, ...


  • Food Manufacturing Wastewater Treatment

    Facility Background The new YIBO, Inc. facility in Warrenton MO is the firm's first US production plant. Using state of the art equipment they will manufacture 26 varieties of soy sauce products for the commercial market. Five gallon containers will be distributed nationwide. As a discharge requirement the local POTW requested a wastewater plant for effluent control prior to ...


    By Auquix, LLC

  • Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment

    Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment Industrial Sludge Treatment Facility Oxygen Mixing Injection Dissolved Oxygen Boosted with Liquid Oxygen to Improve Bacteriological ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Bacterial diversity in antibiotic wastewater treatment

    The bacterial diversity of an antibiotic industrial wastewater treatment system was analyzed to provide the information required for further optimization of this process and for identification of bacterial strains that perform improved degradation of antibiotic industrial wastewater. The total bacterial DNA of samples collected at three stages (aeration, precipitation, and idle) during the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sterile wastewater treatment with vacuum distillation

    Hygiene requirements are growing increasingly strict in many sectors, and the treatment of industrial wastewater is no exception. The vacuum distillation process in particular has to deal with the question of sterile treatment and subsequent storage of water obtained from the process. The mere possibility of reintroducing wastewater into the production process makes it imperative to prevent ...


    By H2O GmbH

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