wastewater treatment bioreactor Articles

  • Airlift bioreactors: Application to wastewater treatment

    After an introductory review, this paper presents a three-phase reactor fluid dynamic model that is used in the development of a generic process for upgrading existing wastewater treatment plants (WWT). The aim is to incorporate nitrification and de-nitrification without additional reactor volume. The core of the process consists of an attached growth airlift reactor (AGAR) in which a biomass ...

  • Membrane bioreactor technology for decentralised wastewater treatment and reuse

    There is a growing interest in utilising non-traditional water resources by means of water reclamation and water recycling for long term sustainability. Amongst the many treatment alternatives, membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have been seen as an effective technology capable of transforming various types of wastewater into high-quality effluent exceeding most discharge requirements and suitable for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dye wastewater treatment by using ceramic membrane bioreactor

    Performance of a Micro-filtration Membrane Bioreactor (MMBR) for treatment of dye wastewater was investigated. The experimental results indicated that the removal efficiency for COD, TOC and colour was 85%, 85-90% and 70%, respectively, the effluent COD was below 70 mgl−1 on average. Gel layer resistance of COD was 10%. Particle size distribution of sludge in MMBR was 1-150 μm, and the average ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of municipal wastewater by membrane bioreactor: a pilot study

    The operational performance of a submerged hollow fibre Membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) for treatment of municipal wastewater on pilot scale was investigated. The experimental results indicated that the removal efficiency for SS, COD, NH4-N, turbidity, bacterium, iron (Fe2+) and Manganese (Mn2+) was 100%, 94.5%, 98.3%, 99.7%, lg6, 99%, 92.3%, respectively. The water quality of the effluent was quite ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane Bioreactor for the treatment of natural rubber wastewater

    A membrane bioreactor was set up using two pieces of Kubota flat sheet membranes, with nominal pore size of 0.4 ∝m and a total effective area of 0.2 m²atex concentrate processing factory. A steady-state MLSS concentration was attained at 8500 mg/L during biomass acclimatisation. A critical flux of 0.01224 m³/m²h was determined using the flux step method, whereas an optimum ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance of upflow anoxic bioreactor for wastewater treatment

    Laboratory scale studies were conducted in an up-flow anoxic bioreactor (UFAB) using synthetic fertilizer wastewater for ascertaining the denitrification efficiency. The performance of the reactor was compared using ethanol and topioca starch as the carbon source. The initial NO3-N concentrations (50-250 mg/L) and hydraulic retention time (HRT, 12-24 h) were varied to evaluate the COD and NO3-N ...

  • A Submerged Attached Growth Bioreactor for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    ABSTRACTThe Amphidrome® process is a submerged attached growth bioreactor (SAGB) that has been used in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Jersey for decentralized wastewater treatment systems ranging in size from 440 gpd to 150,000 gpd. The two primary advantages of a SAGB are the small volume requirement and the elimination of downstream clarification. Five years of data from four ...

  • Chemical wastewater treatment applying a membrane bioreactor (MBR)

    IntroductionAt the current time Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) are the primary focus of wastewater treatment technologies. MBR is a combination of biological activated sludge process for the removal of nutrients and a membrane filtration for separation of biomass and treated water. In industrial wastewater treatment MBRs have proven to be a particularly reliable technique [Cornel et al., 2006]. The ...


    By MICRODYN-NADIR GmbH

  • Application of a membrane bioreactor for winery wastewater treatment

    Winery wastewaters are variable in nature and are hard to treat by means of the conventional activated sludge process because of the high organic loading associated with their production, especially during vintage. To face this situation, recently, membrane bioreactors have been widely applied to treat winery wastewaters. In this study, a full-scale membrane bioreactor treated some 110 m3/d of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oily wastewater treatment using membrane bioreactor

    A novel implementation of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) has been studied in this paper. It is utilised as combination of rotating biological contractor (RBC) and an external membrane for oily wastewater treatment. The performance of MBR was compared with the standalone RBC. The RBC used in this investigation is the same one combined with the membrane to form the MBR. Wastewater biodegradability has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of slaughterhouse plant wastewater by using a membrane bioreactor

    The use of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for removal of organic substances and nutrients from slaughterhouse plant wastewater was investigated. The chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations of slaughterhouse wastewater were found to be approximately 571 mg O2/L, 102.5 mg/L, and 16.25 mg PO4-P/L, respectively. A submerged type membrane was used in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low-temperature limitation of bioreactor sludge in anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater

    Two strategies exist for seeding low-temperature anaerobic reactors: the use of specialist psychrophilic biomass or mesophilic bioreactor sludge acclimated to low temperature. We sought to determine the low-temperature limitation of anaerobic sludge from a bioreactor acclimated to UK temperatures (<15 °C). Anaerobic incubation tests using low-strength real domestic wastewater (DWW) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in a membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plant

    Ninety-nine pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were analyzed in influent, final effluent, and biosolids samples from a wastewater treatment plant employing a membrane bioreactor (MBR). High concentrations in influent were found for acetaminophen, caffeine, metformin, 2-hydroxy-ibuprofen, paraxanthine, ibuprofen, and naproxen (104–105 ng/L). Final effluents ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced treatment of Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) effluents for effective wastewater reclamation

    One of the two main objectives of this work is to oxidize MBR effluents with ozone/peroxide in high pH conditions in order to improve oxidation of pharmaceuticals, which could efficiently be rejected by the nanofiltration (NF) stage. The other main objective is to effectively oxidize of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in MBR effluents in order to decrease fouling in the filtration stage. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of membrane characteristics on the performance of membrane bioreactors for oily wastewater treatment

    Influence of membrane material and pore size on the performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor (sMBR) for oily wastewater treatment was investigated. The sMBR had a working volume of about 19 L with flat sheet modules at the same hydrodynamic conditions. Five types of micro- and ultra-polymeric membranes containing cellulose acetate (CA), cellulose nitrate (CN), polyamide (PA), polyvinylidene ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic treatment of urban wastewater in membrane bioreactors: evaluation of seasonal temperature variations

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of seasonal temperature variations on the anaerobic treatment of urban wastewater in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). To this aim, sludge production, energy recovery potential, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and membrane permeability were evaluated in a submerged anaerobic MBR fitted with industrial-scale membrane units. The plant was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of sequencing batch membrane bioreactors (SB-MBR) for the treatment of municipal wastewater

    Sequencing batch membrane bioreactors can be a good option in up-grading small municipal plant and for industrial applications, maintaining some of the advantages of both original technologies (effluent quality improvement, flexibility and simplicity of realization, operation and control). In this study, the effects of volumetric exchange ratio (VER) and aeration/filtration strategy have been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The fate of 14C-radiolabelled diclofenac and 4′-hydroxydiclofenac in membrane bioreactor treatment of wastewater

    This study aimed at enhancing knowledge on the fate of diclofenac (DF), together with its main human metabolite 4′-hydroxydiclofenac (4′OHDF), during wastewater treatment by using a laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR). The reactor was fed continuously with non-radiolabelled diclofenac for a one month period prior to a single pulse of a 14C-radiolabelled solution of DF and 4′OHDF. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater with an anaerobic ceramic membrane bioreactor (AnCMBR)

    In this study, a ceramic membrane with a pore size of 80 nm was incorporated into an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for excellent stability and integrity. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies by biodegradation reached 78.6 ± 6.0% with mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) of 12.8 ± 1.2 g/L. Even though the total methane generated was 0.3 ± 0.03 L/g CODutilized, around 67.4% of it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High strength domestic wastewater treatment with submerged forward osmosis membrane bioreactor

    Forward osmosis membranes are less prone to fouling with high rejection of salts, and the osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) can be considered as an innovative membrane technology for wastewater treatment. In this study, a submerged OMBR having a cellulose triacetate membrane, with the active layer facing the feed solution configuration, was operated at different organic loading rates (OLRs), ...


    By IWA Publishing

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