wastewater treatment cost Articles

  • Cost comparison of wastewater treatment in Danubian countries

    This paper investigates the costs of wastewater treatment (including sludge management) within the Danube catchment countries A, CZ, SK, HU, SL, RO, BG and UA. TK is considered as well. Additionally, the paper compares the total costs of wastewater management (including sewerage) with the incomes in the different countries. The annual costs of wastewater treatment in Austria are about 30 €/p.e. y ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost Trends of MBR Systems for Municipal Wastewater Treatment

    Cost estimates were developed for full-scale (1 and 5 MGD) MBR facilities designed to treat municipal wastewater. These estimates included both capital and operational / maintenance (O&M) costs related to the headworks, MBR process (biological process and membrane system), chlorine disinfection and effluent storage. The costs associated with the membrane systems were developed from budgetary cost ...

  • Low cost treatment of wastewater containing mercury salts

    Removal of mercury from wastewater is of considerable significance from an environmental point of view. Treatment of wastewater containing mercury salts has been carried out with the help of modified fly-ash bed. The preparation of the bed material has been described. The effects of different parameters such as pH, exchange capacity and the presence of other constituents have been studied. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cost-efficient oil skimmer simplifies wastewater treatment

    Tim Ruch, head mechanic at Viessman Trucking in Mankato, Minn., knew that oily sludge was a problem - specifically, the oily sludge in wastewater from cleaning out the company's tanker trucks. Meeting municipal regulations for wastewater effluent involved numerous chemicals, equipment and labor hours. However, after purchasing a fully automatic oil skimmer from Oil Skimmers Inc. of Cleveland, the ...


    By Oil Skimmers, Inc.

  • Addressing food waste through anaerobic digestion

    Food waste continues to be a problem worldwide, even with more and more attention being paid to reducing spoilage and to salvaging edible foods for redistribution or reuse. One approach to the problem is diverting inedible organic matter from landfills and treating it with anaerobic digestion, which has the side effect of capturing energy. The amount of food wasted worldwide was 2.3 billion ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Automotive Manufacturer Drives Cost Reduction and Increases Profitability Through Wastewater Treatment

    An engine manufacturing plant in Slovakia needed to improve their operations. The company sought continuous improvement through operating efficiencies, cost reduction, and recycling and reuse of waste. The plant produces 300,000 gasoline engines annually with five manufacturing lines. Consisting of four metal cutting lines and one assembly line. The plant sought to improve operating cost ...


    By PRAB, Inc

  • Review of cost versus scale: water and wastewater treatment and reuse processes

    The US National Research Council recently recommended direct potable water reuse (DPR), or potable water reuse without environmental buffer, for consideration to address US water demand. However, conveyance of wastewater and water to and from centralized treatment plants consumes on average four times the energy of treatment in the USA, and centralized DPR would further require upgradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Constructed wetland as a low cost and sustainable solution for wastewater treatment adapted to rural settlements: the Chorfech wastewater treatment pilot plant

    The paper presents the detailed design and some preliminary results obtained from a study regarding a wastewater treatment pilot plant (WWTPP), serving as a multistage constructed wetland (CW) located at the rural settlement of ‘Chorfech 24’ (Tunisia). The WWTPP implemented at Chorfech 24 is mainly designed as a demonstration of sustainable water management solutions (low-cost wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investment and operating costs of municipal wastewater treatment plants in China

    The municipal wastewater treatment will continue to be intensified in China due to the economic development and the poor water quality. Within four years, the number of wastewater treatment plants has doubled. Before 2000, mostly plants without nitrogen and phosphorous removal were built. Since Chinese laws require strict effluent qualities, many plants were built with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimating the costs of collective treatment of wastewater: the case of Walloon Region (Belgium)

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of costs for collective wastewater treatment in the Walloon Region (Belgium). Based on a large set of data, unit costs to population equivalents are modelled. Considering investment as well as exploitation costs, the model includes not only wastewater treatment plants but also collector and sewage networks in an integrated approach at the technical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Peach Processing Wastewater Treatment

    A major fresh pack operation of peaches and nectarines needed a screening system to remove the labels and peach fuzz from their wash water before it was pumped from the pond for irrigation use. Flow to the pond is a steady flow of 50 gpm, rising to 600 gpm during periodic draining of the peach coolers and washing systems. The water is a combination of wash water, labels and fuzz from the fruit, ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Ozone Based WasteWater Treatment

    The Australian Water Association held an international conference on 'Onsite and Decentralized' waste water treatment systems in Benalla, VIC. This was the abstract presented by Kyle Greene, Seair Canada Head of Research and Development. These portable wwtps are used in the extremes of northern Canada oil, gas and mining camps. Featuring: Heavy duty steel container, industrial weather coated, ...


  • Treatment of industrial wastewater

    All industries produce some type of waste product, either from production, maintanance or both. These hazardous and non-hazardous wastes need to be properly stored, treated and discharged to a sewer system or otherwise disposed of. Wastewater treatment is a multi-stage process to renew wastewater before it is discharged to the municipal sewer system. The goal is tio reduce or remove organic ...


    By Newterra

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Wastewater Treatment Works

    Margate and Broadstairs, two of the principal towns in northeastern Kent, attract thousands of visitors each summer to enjoy the beaches and countryside within easy reach of London. Such popularity comes with a cost. The infrastructure serving the area needs to be developed to keep pace with the rising population and the requirements of new UK and European Union legislation. With the ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Rendering Facility Wastewater Treatment

    Food Processing Wastewater Treatment Case Studies Animal & Grease Rendering Plant Wastewater Treatment Net savings of $21,400/month or $256,800 Annually ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Biological Wastewater Treatment

    Untitled Document The use of microorganisms to remove contaminants from wastewater is effective and widespread. To choose the right system from the many options offered, ...


  • Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    An application used worldwide, now growing in US to address the needs of small communities and developments Conventional sewer operations managed by small communities provide centralized treatment of wastewater of which residents are accustomed. But the expense of operating these systems as they expand with miles and miles of sewer lines is staggering. Expanding sewer line infrastructure, ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Picture Perfect Wastewater Treatment

    At first, Hollywood and wastewater treatment may seem like an unlikely pair. But the City of San Diego Metropolitan Wastewater Department’s (MWWD) Metro Biosolids Center (MBC) is an uncommon place. From serving as a two-time movie set to winning awards for striking architectural design, the MBC has been recognized as an industry leader in creative thinking, community involvement and ...


    By Alfa Laval Corporate AB

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...


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