wastewater treatment system modeling Articles

  • Hybrid reactor system for wastewater treatment – application and approach of modelling

    Wastewater treatment by the hybrid reactor system has become wide-spread as it provides advantages of both the suspended and attached growth phase at the same time. It may be used to treat some rate-limiting substrate, priority pollutants, volatile organic compounds etc. as well as for nitrification. This versatile nature of hybrid reactor demands for a detailed investigation on the mechanism, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Modeling on-site wastewater treatment system performance fragility to hydroclimate stressors

    Increasing variability of climate-related factors, especially precipitation and temperature, poses special risks to on-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS), which depend on subsurface saturation conditions for treatment and dispersion of wastewater. We assess OWTS fragility – the degree to which a system loses functionality – as a step to characterizing the resilience of residential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of wastewater treatment plant within integrated urban wastewater models

    In the federal state of Hesse in Germany the application of an integrated software modelling framework is becoming part of the planning process to attain legal approval for the operation of combined sewer systems. The software allows for parallel simulation of flow and water quality routing in the sewer system and in receiving rivers. It combines existing pollution load model approaches with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A simulation of the fate of nitrogen in an on-site wastewater treatment system

    An experiment to study and to build a mathematical model to reproduce the behavior of nitrogen in a residential wastewater treatment process was performed. A pilot unit receiving grey and black water was used. The pilot consisted in a septic tank followed by a fixed-film, partly aerated bioreactor with effluent recirculation operated under two different scenarios: normal operating conditions and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A modelling system for wastewater treatment process evaluation and screening: methodology and case study

    Considering nutrient reduction, China's wastewater treatment plants are facing the challenge to upgrade. A modelling system has been developed to screen suitable treatment processes, while statistical methods are not feasible due to data shortage. The system comprises a database to manage different treatment unit technologies, a module to generate candidate processes, a module to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling micro-pollutant fate in wastewater collection and treatment systems: status and challenges

    This paper provides a comprehensive summary on modelling of micro-pollutants' (MPs) fate and transport in wastewater. It indicates the motivations of MP modelling and summarises and illustrates the current status. Finally, some recommendations are provided to improve and diffuse the use of such models. In brief, we conclude that, in order to predict the contaminant removal in centralised ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) of wastewater treatment systems and sewer networks have attracted much attention since the early 1970s. The developments during the last four decades in on-line instrumentation, computer technology, process understanding and subsequent model development, and control methods have been powerful driving forces for advanced control making ICA ever more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CFD for wastewater treatment: an overview

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a rapidly emerging field in wastewater treatment (WWT), with application to almost all unit processes. This paper provides an overview of CFD applied to a wide range of unit processes in water and WWT from hydraulic elements like flow splitting to physical, chemical and biological processes like suspended growth nutrient removal and anaerobic digestion. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is biological wastewater treatment?

    Biological wastewater treatment harnesses the action of bacteria and other microorganisms to clean water Biological wastewater treatment is a process that seems simple on the surface since it uses natural processes to help with the decomposition of organic substances, but in fact, it’s a complex, not completely understood process at the intersection of biology and ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Wastewater Treatment in Turbo Mode

    Sulzer turbocompressors type ABS HST are successful in wastewater treatment. Today, 2000 units are installed around the world—for example, in municipal plants like in the city of Sögel, Germany. Here, the turbocompressors not only reduced the operating costs but also helped the plant to cope with load fluctuations. The secret behind this success is an advanced design with proven ...


    By Sulzer Ltd.

  • Updating a model of pulp and paper wastewater treatment in a partial-mix aerated stabilization basin system

    A relatively simple set of calculations was presented in 1994 to evaluate the effectiveness of each ASB cell as reactor, clarifier, and digester. The steady-state model, which incorporated estimates of solids settling and benthal feedback of BOD5 and nutrients, has been a reasonable diagnostic tool for municipal and industrial applications. Results have aided in understanding normal system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dairy shed wastewater treatment and modelling by anaerobic digestion technology

    There is a growing interest in the application of Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology to Australian dairy farms not only for the reduction of environmental pollution caused by the effluents but also for recovering bioenergy. To be able to design and operate efficient AD systems, appropriate mathematical models need to be developed to observe and analyse the anaerobic process dynamics, such as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A practitioner’s perspective on the uses and future developments for wastewater treatment modelling

    The modern age of wastewater treatment modelling began with publication of the International Water Association (IWA) Activated Sludge Model (ASM) No.1 and has advanced significantly since. Models are schematic representations of systems that are useful for analysis to support decision-making. The most appropriate model for a particular application often incorporates only those components ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is the whole the sumof its parts? Agent-basedmodelling of wastewater treatment systems

    Agent-based models (ABMs) simulate individual units within a system, such as the bacteria in a biological wastewater treatment system. This paper outlines past, current and potential future applications of ABMs to wastewater treatment. ABMs track heterogeneities within microbial populations, and this has been demonstrated to yield different predictions of bulk behaviors than the conventional, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards a low complexity carbon removal model for the optimal design of compact decentralised wastewater treatment systems

    On-site decentralised wastewater treatment systems can provide a financially attractive alternative to a sewer connection in locations far from existing sewer networks. Operational problems and shortcomings in the design of these systems still occur frequently. The aim of this paper is to provide a low complexity (i.e. easy to calibrate) but still accurate mathematical model that can be used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the catchment-scale environmental impacts of wastewater treatment in an urban sewage system for CO2 emission assessment

    Water shortages and water pollution are a global problem. Increases in population can have further acute effects on water cycles and on the availability of water resources. Thus, wastewater management plays an important role in mitigating negative impacts on natural ecosystems and human environments and is an important area of research. In this study, we modelled catchment-scale hydrology, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental investigation of oily wastewater treatment using combined membrane systems

    Investigations were carried out for purification of oily wastewater by a combined of ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis (UF/RO) processes. Laboratory-scale UF using polysulfone (PS) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes were employed with typical oily wastewater collected from API unit of Tehran refinery. The PAN membrane showed higher rejection, more permeation flux and less fouling resistance than ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Operational energy performance assessment system of municipal wastewater treatment plants

    Based on the statistical analysis of operational energy consumption and its influential factors from data of 599 Chinese WWTPs in 2006, it is noticed that the most influential factors include treatment technology adopted, treated sewage amount, removed pollutants amount, etc. Using the conclusion above, this paper sets up an integrated system of operational energy performance assessment for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological Nutrient Removal Model No. 2 (BNRM2): a general model for wastewater treatment plants

    This paper presents the plant-wide model Biological Nutrient Removal Model No. 2 (BNRM2). Since nitrite was not considered in the BNRM1, and this previous model also failed to accurately simulate the anaerobic digestion because precipitation processes were not considered, an extension of BNRM1 has been developed. This extension comprises all the components and processes required to simulate ...


    By IWA Publishing

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