wastewater treatment system modeling Articles

  • Control of Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) of wastewater treatment systems and sewer networks have attracted much attention since the early 1970s. The developments during the last four decades in on-line instrumentation, computer technology, process understanding and subsequent model development, and control methods have been powerful driving forces for advanced control making ICA ever more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CFD for wastewater treatment: an overview

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a rapidly emerging field in wastewater treatment (WWT), with application to almost all unit processes. This paper provides an overview of CFD applied to a wide range of unit processes in water and WWT from hydraulic elements like flow splitting to physical, chemical and biological processes like suspended growth nutrient removal and anaerobic digestion. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Wastewater Treatment in Turbo Mode

    Sulzer turbocompressors type ABS HST are successful in wastewater treatment. Today, 2000 units are installed around the world—for example, in municipal plants like in the city of Sögel, Germany. Here, the turbocompressors not only reduced the operating costs but also helped the plant to cope with load fluctuations. The secret behind this success is an advanced design with proven ...


    By Sulzer

  • A modelling system for wastewater treatment process evaluation and screening: methodology and case study

    Considering nutrient reduction, China's wastewater treatment plants are facing the challenge to upgrade. A modelling system has been developed to screen suitable treatment processes, while statistical methods are not feasible due to data shortage. The system comprises a database to manage different treatment unit technologies, a module to generate candidate processes, a module to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling micro-pollutant fate in wastewater collection and treatment systems: status and challenges

    This paper provides a comprehensive summary on modelling of micro-pollutants' (MPs) fate and transport in wastewater. It indicates the motivations of MP modelling and summarises and illustrates the current status. Finally, some recommendations are provided to improve and diffuse the use of such models. In brief, we conclude that, in order to predict the contaminant removal in centralised ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid reactor system for wastewater treatment – application and approach of modelling

    Wastewater treatment by the hybrid reactor system has become wide-spread as it provides advantages of both the suspended and attached growth phase at the same time. It may be used to treat some rate-limiting substrate, priority pollutants, volatile organic compounds etc. as well as for nitrification. This versatile nature of hybrid reactor demands for a detailed investigation on the mechanism, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simulation of the fate of nitrogen in an on-site wastewater treatment system

    An experiment to study and to build a mathematical model to reproduce the behavior of nitrogen in a residential wastewater treatment process was performed. A pilot unit receiving grey and black water was used. The pilot consisted in a septic tank followed by a fixed-film, partly aerated bioreactor with effluent recirculation operated under two different scenarios: normal operating conditions and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of wastewater treatment plant within integrated urban wastewater models

    In the federal state of Hesse in Germany the application of an integrated software modelling framework is becoming part of the planning process to attain legal approval for the operation of combined sewer systems. The software allows for parallel simulation of flow and water quality routing in the sewer system and in receiving rivers. It combines existing pollution load model approaches with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Twenty-five years of ASM1: past, present and future of wastewater treatment modelling

    Activated sludge systems have been applied for 100 years now. Over the course of the years, researchers have developed various models to describe activated sludge processes. The main aim has been to gain a better understanding of the conditions that favour the conversions of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus present in wastewater, and associated oxygen consumption and sludge production. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A practitioner’s perspective on the uses and future developments for wastewater treatment modelling

    The modern age of wastewater treatment modelling began with publication of the International Water Association (IWA) Activated Sludge Model (ASM) No.1 and has advanced significantly since. Models are schematic representations of systems that are useful for analysis to support decision-making. The most appropriate model for a particular application often incorporates only those components ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dairy shed wastewater treatment and modelling by anaerobic digestion technology

    There is a growing interest in the application of Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology to Australian dairy farms not only for the reduction of environmental pollution caused by the effluents but also for recovering bioenergy. To be able to design and operate efficient AD systems, appropriate mathematical models need to be developed to observe and analyse the anaerobic process dynamics, such as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Diversity of fecal coliforms and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in wastewater treatment model plant

    The occurrence of resistance patterns among wastewater fecal coliforms was determined in the study. Susceptibility of the isolates was tested against 19 antimicrobial agents: aminoglycosides, aztreonam, carbapenems, cephalosporines, β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors, penicillines, tetracycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and fluoroquinolones. Additionally the removal of resistant isolates was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of sewer on-line total solids data in wastewater treatment plant modelling

    We describe a neural network model of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in which on-line total solids (TS) sewer data generated by a novel microwave sensor is used as a model input variable. The predictive performance of the model is compared with and without sewer data and with modelling with a traditional linear multiple linear regression (MLR) model. In addition, the benefits of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is the whole the sumof its parts? Agent-basedmodelling of wastewater treatment systems

    Agent-based models (ABMs) simulate individual units within a system, such as the bacteria in a biological wastewater treatment system. This paper outlines past, current and potential future applications of ABMs to wastewater treatment. ABMs track heterogeneities within microbial populations, and this has been demonstrated to yield different predictions of bulk behaviors than the conventional, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental investigation of oily wastewater treatment using combined membrane systems

    Investigations were carried out for purification of oily wastewater by a combined of ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis (UF/RO) processes. Laboratory-scale UF using polysulfone (PS) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes were employed with typical oily wastewater collected from API unit of Tehran refinery. The PAN membrane showed higher rejection, more permeation flux and less fouling resistance than ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Operational energy performance assessment system of municipal wastewater treatment plants

    Based on the statistical analysis of operational energy consumption and its influential factors from data of 599 Chinese WWTPs in 2006, it is noticed that the most influential factors include treatment technology adopted, treated sewage amount, removed pollutants amount, etc. Using the conclusion above, this paper sets up an integrated system of operational energy performance assessment for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ON-SITE SEWAGE SYSTEMS: NEW OUTLOOK FOR DECENTRALIZED WASTEWATER TREATMENT

    As researchers analyze the soils’ ability to absorb discharge, more knowledge is gained about alternatives to septic tanks and standard drain fields that include peat filter systems, constructed wetlands and drip irrigation. ONE out of every four American households currently treat and release wastewater on their own property. Although most people assume that on-site systems are confined to rural ...


  • Long-term hygienic barrier efficiency of a compact on-site wastewater treatment system

    Received for publication September 11, 2008. The long-term use of a filter-based, on-site wastewater treatment system increases nutrient discharge to receiving waters and may reduce its hygienic barrier efficiency. The main purpose of this research was to assess the hygienic barrier efficiency and the associated health risks of an on-site system that had exceeded its 5-yr design capacity with ...

  • Modelling impacts of seasonal wastewater treatment plant effluent permits and biosolid substitution for phosphorus management in catchments and river systems

    The issues of diffuse and point source phosphorus (P) pollution in river systems are presented using a catchment model to assess nutrient behaviour, seasonal effluent standards and biosolid substitution. A process-based, dynamic water quality model (INCA-P) has been applied to four UK catchments, namely, the Rivers Tywi, Wensum, Lunan and Hampshire Avon, to simulate water fluxes, sediments, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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