water analysis Articles

  • Water analysis

    A complete tap water analysis includes the determination of the pH value, the alkalinity and the total water hardness. Both the pH measurement and the pH titration by means of a standard pH electrode suffer from several drawbacks. First, the response time of several minutes is too long and, above all, the stirring rate significantly influences the measured pH value. Unlike these standard pH ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Drinking Water Analysis Guide

    Public Water Systems (PWS), regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), provide drinking water to 90% of Americans. Water systems and laboratories testing drinking water for Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) compliance must be certified and must use USEPA approved methods, which are developed by the USEPA, other government agencies, universities, consensus method ...

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By Tric Tools, Inc.

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

  • Comparing Oil in Water Analysis Methods

    Wilks Enterprise has published a new White Paper that discusses various oil in water methods and their correlation with regulatory methods. While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated -- it can also be a challenging measurement.  It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the particular regulatory method.  When EPA 1664 is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Water Communication: Analysis of Strategies and Campaigns from the Water Sector

    Water Communication is a vital resource for communication managers, utility managers, policy makers involved in water management and students in water sciences and environment. Continue reading the full ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water pricing in China and India: a comparative analysis

    This paper explores the intricate issues that prompt water pricing reform in China and India. China adopts a comprehensive pricing framework of cost of resources, treatment and distribution, and environmental requirements, which has been gradually developed part by part since 1980 based on the perception and change of water issues in the country. India follows a simple approach of cost ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bromate analysis analysis of bromate in drinking water by hplc and post-column derivatization

    Bromate is a disinfection by-product that is formed when Ozone reacts with naturally occurring Bromide in drinking water. Bromate is a known animal carcinogen and has also been listed as a group 2B toxin: probable human carcinogen. The U.S. EPA Method 300.1 employs conductivity as the means of detection which works well for most anions. However, the method is nonspecific and coeluting ...

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Application of Lab-on-a-chip Technology in Water Analysis

    The Important of Water Analysis Water analysis is essential to ensure its quality or to detect pollutants that should be removed by water treatment. However, water quality does not mean making the water suitable for human consumption; it depends on its end use. For example, completely different quality standards are applied in case of industrial water compared to those ...


    By Chemyx Inc

  • ICP Analysis of Multiple Elements in Drinking Water

    The amount of water typically consumed by an adult is said to be about two liters per day, and nearly all of this is tap water or mineral water, generally referred to as "drinking water." Conducting safety inspections are the responsibility of each country according to their respective regulations. Typically, there are many target elements included in the test, such as sodium (Na), calcium ...

  • Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system

    Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system for cooling applications is presented in this paper. Exergy destruction rate and heat rate in each component of the system are evaluated. From the results obtained it can be concluded that the evaporator and condenser heat loads and exergy destruction rate are less than those of the absorber and generator. This is due to the heat of mixing in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cascade vulnerability for risk analysis of water infrastructure

    One of the major tasks in urban water management is failure-free operation for at least most of the time. Accordingly, the reliability of the network systems in urban water management has a crucial role. The failure of a component in these systems impacts potable water distribution and urban drainage. Therefore, water distribution and urban drainage systems are categorized as critical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water 2014

    The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water report is produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) on behalf of UN-Water. It provides a global update on the policy frameworks, institutional arrangements, human resource base, and international and national finance streams in support of sanitation and drinking water. It is a substantive input into the activities ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Unaccounted for water and the performance of water utilities: an empirical analysis from India

    Conventional benchmarking measures focus mainly on water produced whilst ignoring water produced but not reaching consumers, unaccounted for water (UFW). Benchmarking must credit utilities for a reduction in UFW and improvements in service delivery. This study measures the performance of 20 urban water utilities using data from an Asian Development Bank survey of Indian water utilities in 2005. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water 2012

    The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water report is produced every two years by the World Health Organization (WHO) on behalf of UN-Water. It provides a global update on the policy frameworks, institutional arrangements, human resource base, and international and national finance streams in support of sanitation and drinking water. It is a substantive input into ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microscopic Particulate Analysis

    Introduction In 1989 the EPA promulgated the Surface Water Treatment Rule (SWTR) in response to the 1986 Amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). The overall goal of the SWTR is to protect consumers from pathogens. The SWTR recommends a multiple-barrier approach including source water protection, filtration and disinfection when surface water is used as source water for drinking. ...


    By Analytical Services, Inc

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