water analysis Articles

  • Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

    Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is ...

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • TOC analyzer for airports

    During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR 's ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Water analysis

    A complete tap water analysis includes the determination of the pH value, the alkalinity and the total water hardness. Both the pH measurement and the pH titration by means of a standard pH electrode suffer from several drawbacks. First, the response time of several minutes is too long and, above all, the stirring rate significantly influences the measured pH value. Unlike these standard pH ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Drinking Water Analysis Guide

    Public Water Systems (PWS), regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), provide drinking water to 90% of Americans. Water systems and laboratories testing drinking water for Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) compliance must be certified and must use USEPA approved methods, which are developed by the USEPA, other government agencies, universities, consensus method ...

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Microdisk arrays for peroxide analysis in water

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and peracetic acid (PAA) are used as bleaching and disinfecting agents. The bactericidal and al-gaecidal properties of peroxides [1] and the advantage that they decompose into harmless residues, make them suitable for a broad range of applications, including oxidizing and bleaching agents in laundry formulations, sanitization of food equipment, paper bleaching and medical ...


  • An Analysis of Water Governance in Kibera, Kenya

    Abstract Populations in urban slums continue to rise due to the relatively affordable shelter provision. Most slums are neither planned nor formal and therefore lack basic service delivery. Despite the fact that the majority of inhabitants in these slums are low-wage earners, they are forced to pay more for basic needs such as water than their neighbours in ‘affluent’ and ‘well-to-do’ ...


  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

  • Comparing Oil in Water Analysis Methods

    Wilks Enterprise has published a new White Paper that discusses various oil in water methods and their correlation with regulatory methods. While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated -- it can also be a challenging measurement.  It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the particular regulatory method.  When EPA 1664 is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Bromate analysis analysis of bromate in drinking water by hplc and post-column derivatization

    Bromate is a disinfection by-product that is formed when Ozone reacts with naturally occurring Bromide in drinking water. Bromate is a known animal carcinogen and has also been listed as a group 2B toxin: probable human carcinogen. The U.S. EPA Method 300.1 employs conductivity as the means of detection which works well for most anions. However, the method is nonspecific and coeluting ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Economic analysis of the reuse of water reclamation in the irrigation of vineyards

    The objective of the present work is to determine the economic viability of the System for the Reclamation and Reuse of Wastewater (SRRWW) in the village of Colera in Girona, Spain. The methodology applied covers the identification, quantification and economic evaluation of different impacts, private and external, and allows the most beneficial options to be selected. Reusing the reclaimed water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water pricing in China and India: a comparative analysis

    This paper explores the intricate issues that prompt water pricing reform in China and India. China adopts a comprehensive pricing framework of cost of resources, treatment and distribution, and environmental requirements, which has been gradually developed part by part since 1980 based on the perception and change of water issues in the country. India follows a simple approach of cost ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study on failure rate analysis for water distribution pipelines

    Many of the waterworks facilities in Japan were constructed during the rapid economic growth period. Today, the deterioration and renovation of these aged facilities have become a pressing issue. There are approximately 600,000 km worth of water pipelines laid out across Japan, accounting for about 70% of the nation's water-related assets (totalling ¥40 trillion). To provide water that is safe to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Guidelines for transient analysis in water transmission and distribution systems

    All water systems leak, and many supply systems do so considerably, with water losses typically of approximately 20% of the water production. The IWA Water Loss Task Force aims for a significant reduction of annual water losses by drafting documents to assist practitioners and others to prevent, monitor and mitigate water losses in water transmission and distribution systems. One of the causes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Substance flow analysis as a tool for urban water management

    Human activity results in the production of a wide range of pollutants that can enter the water cycle through stormwater or wastewater. Among others, heavy metals are still detected in high concentrations around urban areas and their impact on aquatic organisms is of major concern. In this study, we propose to use a substance flow analysis as a tool for heavy metals management in urban areas. We ...


    By IWA Publishing

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