water analysis system Articles

  • How to make top-down and bottom-up sustainability converge

    Fits and starts are all too common in the sustainability world. One year you have budget for initiatives; the next you don’t. Management hails cost savings on individual projects, but they miss the big picture and fail to link progress across departmental boundaries. Bottom-up progress and top-down directives pass each other like proverbial ships in the night. But it doesn’t have to ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Thoroughly modern installers keep on industry trend

    The ErP Directive, through its various iterations since 2009, not only places high demands on the efficiency levels of a wide range of heating products, and especially hot water storage in our homes, but also on installers to communicate the benefits of greater energy efficiency to their customers. If the target to reduce energy use by 20% by 2020 is remotely realistic, not only has product ...


    By Kingspan Environmental Ltd

  • Changing the Rules with Mass Detection

    How simplified detectors can provide mass data for every analytical run and speed up method development With access to multiple mass spectrometry systems of varying degrees of sophistication, Davy Guillarme (University of Geneva, Switzerland) wasn’t actively looking for new mass detection solutions. Nevertheless, the Waters ACQUITY QDa mass detector caught his eye. Why? Because it opens a ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Monitoring Gas Emissions from Volcanoes to Predict Volcanic Activity

    To understand and predict the behaviour of volcanoes an increasing number of scientists are combining geological monitoring and geochemical models. By measuring and monitoring the prevalence of gases like CO2, scientists hope to be able to better predict the likelihood of volcanic eruptions. In 2010 Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, releasing 250 million ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Drinking Water Analysis Guide

    Public Water Systems (PWS), regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), provide drinking water to 90% of Americans. Water systems and laboratories testing drinking water for Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) compliance must be certified and must use USEPA approved methods, which are developed by the USEPA, other government agencies, universities, consensus method ...

  • Guidelines for transient analysis in water transmission and distribution systems

    All water systems leak, and many supply systems do so considerably, with water losses typically of approximately 20% of the water production. The IWA Water Loss Task Force aims for a significant reduction of annual water losses by drafting documents to assist practitioners and others to prevent, monitor and mitigate water losses in water transmission and distribution systems. One of the causes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of PCB in water using the Dtech test system

    MATRIX: Water ANALYTE: PCB LIMIT OF DETECTION: Color Card: 100 ppb (as aroclor 1254), DTECHTOR meter: 50 ppb (as aroclor 1254) BACKGROUND: This application describes a field screening method for determining PCB concentrations in water. A 1:2 dilution of the sample in methanol is made to minimize adsorptive losses. A ...


  • Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system

    Exergy analysis of an ammonia?water absorption system for cooling applications is presented in this paper. Exergy destruction rate and heat rate in each component of the system are evaluated. From the results obtained it can be concluded that the evaporator and condenser heat loads and exergy destruction rate are less than those of the absorber and generator. This is due to the heat of mixing in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of PCB in water using the envirogard test system

    MATRIX: Water ANALYTE: PCB LIMIT OF DETECTION: Aroclor 1248: 1 ppm Aroclor 1260: 2 ppm Aroclor 1242: 2 ppm Aroclor 1254: 1.1 ppm BACKGROUND: This application describes a field screening method for determining PCB concentrations in water. A chemical reaction is induced that causes a color change ...


  • An enquiry into the place of systems analysis in the politics of water and the environment

    In many jurisdictions, the participation of stakeholders in decisions concerning their environment, and their water environment in particular, is still carried out, if at all, on an ad hoc basis. This paper envisions a legislative structure that allows a natural participation by the people in decision-making. While systems analysis and models may inform opinion in the ideal Legislature, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Life Cycle Analysis of Water Networks

    Abstract Water authorities around the world are faced with the problem of ageing distribution networks and often only limited historical data on which to base a sound long term, cost efficient replacement policy. The LICAN approach to whole of life costing is introduced and a hypothetical case study is used to demonstrate the importance of such an approach. A selection of pipe networks ...


    By TRIC Tools Inc.

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • An Analysis of Water Governance in Kibera, Kenya

    Abstract Populations in urban slums continue to rise due to the relatively affordable shelter provision. Most slums are neither planned nor formal and therefore lack basic service delivery. Despite the fact that the majority of inhabitants in these slums are low-wage earners, they are forced to pay more for basic needs such as water than their neighbours in ‘affluent’ and ‘well-to-do’ ...


  • Multicriteria decision analysis for the selection of a small drinking water treatment system

    The selection of a small drinking water treatment system for a hydro-electrical plant is addressed within a multicriteria and participatory decision analysis process. As a first step, based on problem constraints, we identified and retained three water treatment systems alternatives. In close collaboration with the stakeholders, we then defined and obtained weights for criteria that take into ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient water utilities: use of performance indicator system and data envelopment analysis

    A number of international initiatives have been undertaken in recent years to develop benchmarking frameworks. Performance indicator system and data envelopment analysis are the two most widely used methods for performance assessment as is evident from the established literature on benchmarking. This paper demonstrates two benchmarking approaches using these two methods for the selected 12 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The influence of the existing network layout on water distribution system redesign analysis

    The methodologies usually adopted in water distribution system redesign problems consider the topology of the network as an input fixed datum; optimisation solely allowing for the duplication/substitution of existing components. In order to contribute to the identification of optimal solutions that may lead to a lower risk of failure to supply the required water, together with a lower redesign ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Earthquake proofing of water treatment plants through seismic system risk analysis

    In Japan, earthquake resistance improvement (earthquake proofing) of drinking water infrastructure is not as developed as for other types of infrastructure such as gas and electricity. To facilitate earthquake proofing, it is important for water utilities to encourage customers to better understand its importance and effectiveness. So that water consumers could instinctively understand the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Clustering analysis of water distribution systems: identifying critical components and community impacts

    Large water distribution systems (WDSs) are networks with both topological and behavioural complexity. Thereby, it is usually difficult to identify the key features of the properties of the system, and subsequently all the critical components within the system for a given purpose of design or control. One way is, however, to more explicitly visualize the network structure and interactions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Decision Analysis Applications for the Sustainability of Global Urban Water Resources and Drainage Systems

    ABSTRACTWater is one of the most vital elements needed for life. In many countries water supplies, especially for critical drinking water, are either being depleted or polluted. Too often these problems are magnified due to the lack of reliable drainage systems that provide proper stormwater and sanitary sewage collection and treatment of human generated wastewater. ...

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