water chlorination Articles

  • Chlorination

    Chlorination is the process of adding compounds containing the element chlorine, generally in oxidation state (0) or (I), to water as a method of water purification to make it fit for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorination

    Chlorination is the process of adding compounds containing the element chlorine, generally in oxidation state (0) or (I), to water as a method of water purification to make it fit for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorine

    Due to the complexity of chlorine chemistry, the activity and forms of chlorine is not well understood. Its reactions are not always 'predictable' and are somewhat unique. This memo is intended to provide some simple insight of the most common forms of chlorine that we at Osmonics® encounter. The most basic form of chlorine is Chlorine Gas (Cl2). This is usually the cheapest form of chlorination, ...

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • 3 Water Utilities that Lowered their Arsenic Levels with AdEdge

    Finding an appropriate solution to address arsenic in raw water can be challenging for utilities. Studies have shown that when ingested in high concentrations, it is linked to cancer in the skin, lungs, bladder and kidney, and can cause significant skin changes, such as thickening and pigmentation, as well as other health issues. For this reason, the ...

  • Dangers of Chlorine

    Most of us have grown up with the idea that whiter whites (and brighter colors) mean cleaner clothes. We continue to use chlorine products with abandon to whiten and to disinfect. We write on white paper and bathe in and drink chlorinated water. After all, who wants bacteria-infested water? In our society, chlorine is ubiquitous-and so are its side effects. In fact, the long-term residual effects ...

  • Drinking water: the problem of chlorinous odours

    Chlorinous off-flavours in drinking water are a leading cause of complaints to Australian water utilities and other utilities worldwide. The occurrence and causes of chlorinous odours in drinking water were investigated with the use of an odour panel, trained using a modified flavour profile analysis technique. A new system for classifying water types according to the causes of chlorinous odours ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tampa Switches to Chlorine for Water Treatment

    Many Tampa residents received a notice in the mail a few days ago alerting them that the city is temporarily changing their disinfecting agent from chloramines to chlorine. The notice, which you can read in full below, claims that this procedure is merely routine maintenance and that the water will still be safe to drink. ...


    By Enviro Water Products

  • Sequential chlorination for reclaimed water disinfection

    ABSTRACT The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) operate seven tertiary water reclamation plants (WRPs) with a combined treatment capacity of approximately 200 million gallons per day (MGD). Chloramination is used at these WRPs for effluent disinfection. It was recently discovered that chloramination results in formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a compound with ...

  • Chlorination By-Products in Chlorinated Cooling Water of some European Coastal Power Stations

    Chlorination by-products (CBPs) are formed as a result of the chlorination of power station cooling water for anti-fouling purposes. Their production was studied at 10 coastal power stations in the UK, France and The Netherlands. Three categories of CBPs were determined: trihalomethanes; haloacetonitriles; and halophenols. Bromoform was the CBP most abundantly present in the efluents of all 10 ...


    By Sweco Nederland BV

  • Chlorination By-Products in Chlorinated Cooling Water of some European Coastal Power Stations

    Chlorination by-products (CBPs) are formed as a result of ti;: cnlorination of power station cooling waterfor anti-foulingpurposes. Their production was studiedat IO coastal power stations in the UK, France and The Netherlands. Three categories of CBPs were determined: trihalomethanes; haloacetonitriles; and halophenols. Bromoform was the CBP most abundantly present in the efluents of all 10 ...


  • The effect of chlorine and combined chlorine/UV treatment on coliphages in drinking water disinfection

    Chlorine disinfection is a globally used method to ensure the safety of drinking water. However, it has not always been successful against viruses and, therefore, it is important to find new methods to disinfect water. Seventeen different coliphages were isolated from the treated municipal wastewater. These coliphages and MS2 were treated with different dosages of chlorine in drinking water, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorine resistant membrane: the mechanism of membrane degradation by chlorine

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Chlorine levels in pools

    In response to a SportExcel CPD seminar in April 2004 on pool water disinfection ISRM is reissuing this updated guidance. Also, recent press reports have highlighted the theoretical risks of high chlorine levels in swimming pools in relation to both pregnant women and levels of childhood asthma. This further reinforces the need for operators to provide the highest pool water standards possible. ...

  • Chlorine Theory & Measurement

    Chlorine, dissolved in liquid is one of the most effective and economical semi-killers for the treatment of water to make it potable or safe to drink. Chlorine's powerful disinfectant qualities come from its ability to bond with and destroy the outer surfaces of bacteria and viruses. Drinking water chlorination is one of the most widely used methods to safeguard chinking water supplies. In ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • The Wonders of Ammonia & Chlorine

    The two most common chemicals found in your home, office and commercial facilities in one form or another are Ammonia (NH3) and Chlorine (Cl2). They are also two of the oldest and most widely produced chemicals in commercial use around the world. Ammonia, a refrigerant by “nature” Refrigeration by mechanical means goes back to the 1800s and ammonia was among the earliest chemicals to ...

  • Ultraviolet Light Oxidation of Free-Chlorine in Water

    Chlorine is the most frequently used chemical for water disinfection. Many industrial and commercial manufacturing facilities cannot tolerate the introduction of chlorine into the process because of contamination and unwanted chemical reactions. Chlorine affects the flavour and odour of drinks and fluids, accelerates corrosion on process vessels and piping, and can also damage delicate process ...

  • Reference: Clever water recycling with chlorine dioxide

    Vapour water at the Crailsheim-Dinkelsbühl dairy is disinfected and then returned to the production process by means of a chlorine dioxide system. The great news is that this significantly reduces water consumption and operating costs. Fewer costs The 160 members of staff at the diary "Milchwerk Crailsheim-Dinkelsbühl eG" process around 130,000 tonnes of milk a year, ...

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Less Chlorine for Korean Mussels

    Abstract “KHNP used to apply conhinuous chiorination as an antifouling regime in iheir cooiing water system. Deveiopment of a new regime based on KEMA’s Pulse-Chlorination principie enabied the company lo reduce its chiorine use considerabiy. This means iower energy consumplion and reduced environmentai impaci,” explains KEMA’s Harry Poiman. KEMA recentiy completed a project in South Korea for ...


    By Sweco Nederland BV

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