water conditioning Articles

  • Why You Should Consider a Sample Conditioning Unit for Taking Low NOx Measurements When Using a Portable Emissions Analyzer

    Using state-of-the-art technology, we here at E Instruments create high-quality portable industrial combustion gas and emissions analyzers that are capable of taking precise, low NOx measurements for both NO and NO2. In particular, we recommend our sample conditioning unit to those of you who need to take accurate, low NOx or SO2 ...

  • Human Error Threatens Safety in Hazardous Areas

    The top 5 problems identified in hazardous areas are Poor or no maintenance on flameproof (Ex d) enclosures. Due to corrosion—especially when equipment is installed outdoors—the Ex d protection is gone 2-3 years after installation. Incorrectly installed Ex d cable glands. Even if the combination of cable and gland is chosen correctly, the instructions on how to ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Environmental Impact does NOT equal risk

    Auditing the new ISO 14001:2015:  Environment Impacts does not equal Risk In recent transition audits, there has been one common misconception that I have seen repeated, and that is that environmental impacts are risks.  This is not correct.  Environmental impacts do not equal risk. Let’s start ...

  • TurboScrubber® & TurboStripper® ‘TURBOCC’ Technology, for Flue Gas Cleaning & Carbon Capture System for Enhanced Plant Growth

    The plant would be supplied in a number of preassembled skid mounted packages for installation and connection on site. Typically these packages would comprise:  TurboScrubber®, water sump, recirculation pumps (run & standby), local water circulation pipework, forced or induced draft flue gas fan and local flue gas ductwork.  TurboStripper®, water sump, recirculation ...

  • A quick guide to oil analysis for engine test applications

    Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass production may be considered. Many important performance data parameters are collected in real time through the many different types of sensors that are connected to the engine in the test cell and oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • The Water Conditions in Ethiopia, Part Two

    While in Ethiopia in August to learn more about what they do about drinking water, I visited the Debre Damo Monastery. About 1,600 years old, it is situated on a flat-topped outcropping of solid rock. The only way in or out is by climbing a sheer cliff using a 15 meter rope made from woven rawhide. The top supports a community of about 150 monks. Certainly the most extreme location I found people ...


  • Structural conditions in German water supply

    Against the background of price controls for drinking water supply utilities in Germany, the comparability of utilities with regard to their specific structural conditions comes into focus. Relevant structural conditions were identified for the two main technical processes, namely water production (WP) and treatment, storage and distribution (TSD). A defined clustering process for comparable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Water Conditions in Ethiopia, Part One

    In August, I was able to visit northern Ethiopia to look at some of the drinking water issues. As you might guess, there are many, ranging from polluted water to almost no water at all. That made it interesting to discover the inhabitants of Adwa and Aksum rely on a reservoir. The reservoir water is treated first by aeration to oxidize iron, then with a flocculant which attracts dirt like a ...


  • Valves in Water System of Heating Air Condition

    Common valves in water system of heating air condition include gate valve, globe valve and butterfly valve.   Gate vale For its moderate length, rotary adjusting rod and good regulating performance, gate valve is widely utilized in large caliber pipes.   Globe valve Globe valve is suitable for small caliber pipes for its long length, ...

  • Total Dynamics of Quartz–Water System at Ambient Conditions

    New data on the dissolution and growth of quartz in acid, nearly neutral and slightly alkaline solutions at ambient conditions are presented. During batch dissolutions, aqueous Si-concentrations increased nonlinearly towards limit values. During parallel growth experiments, however, the high Si-concentrations corresponding to 13-fold supersaturation with respect to quartz did not decreased. To ...


    By Springer

  • High groundwater site conditions

    Specific site conditions: BIOROCK non-electrical sewage treatment plants are unlike other wastewater treatment systems and are perfectly suitable for high groundwater conditions. BIOROCK plants can be installed in high water table or high groundwater sites by one of our trained installers. Our Research and Development team worked hard to find the best design to fit to difficult UK installation ...


    By BIOROCK S.à.r.l

  • Asset condition estimation and depreciation

    Vitens is one of three water companies in The Netherlands, with 2.3 million connections, 5.4 million customers, 47,5000km of pipes and 96 treatment works that provide 330M.m3 a year of potable water at a cost of €1.32/m3 ($1.72/m3). Each day the company receives calls from customers reporting leaks. The maintenance division provides information on the pipe material and diameter, and the business ...


    By Innovyze

  • Developing Reference Conditions For Phytoplankton in The Baltic Coastal Waters

    For the implementation of the Water Framework Directive reference conditions have to be established for the various quality element. In this report we outline a number of approaches that can be pursued for establishing reference conditions for phytoplankton at a regional level and discuss the problems associated with their application. This report does not exhaust the topic of establishing ...


  • The Benefits of Biogas Conditioning

    Abstract Anaerobic digestion is quickly becoming the choice technology for sewage sludge treatment at wastewater treatment plants, as the methane rich biogas produced is a valuable resource which can be used to generate electricity. In the oxygen restricted environment, a natural by-product of the anaerobic process is hydrogen sulfide, a harmful contaminant. Also present in the biogas are ...


    By Biorem Technologies Inc.

  • Effect of different water conditions on dissolution of nanosilver

    This study evaluates the time-dependent dissolution of nanosilver (nAg) in common electrolytes and natural waters. nAg was synthesized via Tollens’ method using sodium citrate as stabilizer; its morphology, UV–Vis spectrum, and particle size were characterized. The dissolved silver was monitored over time using filtration, centrifugation, and inductively coupled plasma atomic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water supply in Jordan under drought conditions

    This paper discusses the Mujib Dam reservoir's storage during the drought years of 2007–2009. It has been concluded that the policy of unplanned water release during the dry year 2007, when little attention was paid to the possibility of a continuation of the drought, contributed to the remarkable lack of surface water storage during 2008, another dry year. For better management and planning, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improved oxygen conditions in the Baltic deep water

    Oxygen conditions in the south eastern Baltic have improved thanks to an inflow of oxygen-rich water from the North Sea during November/December 2011. This inflow has also caused the concentrations of phosphate and silicate to increase in the surface waters, which could cause excessive algal blooms this summer. As a result of the relatively large inflow from the Kattegat to the Baltic ...

  • What is the Impact of Seabed Conditions?

    Eirik Byklum, Statoil, has commented that: “developers have learnt the hard way that poor conditions on the sea bed can have a very negative impact – they are much more aware of this and its cost implications” How important are seabed conditions for your offshore wind business? Alongside distance to shore, water depth, and wind conditions, seabed consistency has a major ...

  • Air Conditioning That`s Out of This World

    New materials enhance the cooling effects from outer space to reduce energy use in small- to medium-sized buildings Reducing air conditioning energy use by using new materials to enhance the cooling effects from outer space may not be such a far-out idea. In a simulation study using DOE's Energy Plus software and ...


    By US Department of Energy

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