water conditioning Articles

  • An assessment of environmental conditions for control of downy brome by Pseudomonas fluorescens D7

    Purpose: We evaluated the conditions that favoured Pseudomonas fluorescens strain D7 (P.f. D7) growth and inhibition of downy brome. Design/methodology/approach: Tn5 mutagenesis and a competitive assay were used to isolate mutants of P.f. D7. Isolates were screened for polysaccharide production and toxin response. Seven mutants were tested under varying pH, temperature and water potential and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Groundwater management for adaptation under changing climate conditions in Indian Punjab

    India is the largest groundwater user in the world, with an estimated usage of around 230 km3 per year. Agricultural demand for irrigation is already the single largest draw on India's water, yet estimates by the Ministry of Water Resources indicate that by the year 2050 irrigation needs will rise by 56%. From the climate change viewpoint, India's groundwater hotspots are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of the climate conditions on the purification power of Beni Messous natural lagoon

    In this study, we will establish the correlations between the climate variables and the outputs of the pollution elimination in the natural lagoon of Beni Messous, using multiple regression method. We have chosen the ascending method 'FORWARD' for the selection of these variables in each regression. After the analysis, it has been noticed that the elimination output of the biochemical oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimization of aeration conditions in the hybrid process of coagulation-ultrafiltration with air sparging

    To optimize the aeration conditions in the hybrid process of coagulation-ultrafiltration with air sparging, a series of air flow rates under continuous and intermittent sparging were investigated. The water quality characteristics that surrounded membranes, bubble characteristics, fouling resistances, and energy consumption under different aeration conditions were analyzed. The results showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hot weather on its way ... Check the condition of your cooling tower

    The approach of summer is a good time to check the performance and, more importantly, the physical condition of your cooling towers. After all, it’s easier to repair a tower when weather conditions don’t put a strain on its cooling capacity. A cooling tower passes air over tiny droplets or the exposed surface of a water film. In both cases, a small amount of water is vaporized, ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Wastewater Force Main Management – Condition Data Analysis and Risk Assessment

    Armed with extensive preliminary analysis and actionable data collected through condition assessment, utility operators are able to make defensible decisions about their force mains. In the last part of our wastewater force main management series, we look at how operators can take ...

  • Wastewater Force Main Management – Condition Data Analysis and Risk Assessment

    Armed with extensive preliminary analysis and actionable data collected through condition assessment, utility operators are able to make defensible decisions about their force mains. In the last part of our wastewater force main management series, we look at how operators can take ...

  • Case study - Trinity River Authority verifies condition of C303 Pipeline

    Service: Assess and Address Client: Trinity River Authority of Texas Project Date: November 2012 - ongoing Location: Trinity River, TX Type of Pipeline: Water Transmission Main Diameter: 30-inch (750mm) and 54-inch (1350mm) Pipe Material: ...

  • Flux-step method for the assessment of operational conditions in a submerged membrane bioreactor

    A flux-step method was used for monitoring the pressure variation in a solids separation membrane at different operating conditions. A submerged membrane bioreactor pilot plant, used during the short-term tests, was used to purify actual restaurant wastewater. The influence of membrane backwash and relaxation on the variation of pressure variation was also evaluated. In order to reduce the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the inspector and rating protocol uncertainty influence in the condition rating of sewers

    Wastewater drainage systems asset management decisions, in particular regarding rehabilitation interventions, are largely dependent on close-circuit television (CCTV) inspection results. However, the results of CCTV inspections are affected by several sources of uncertainty. Within the present communication, the inspector's uncertainty is quantified by comparing periodic inspection ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermoplastic Water System

    The use of thermoplastic plastics in pharmaceutical and biotech water and process systems is gaining greater acceptance. Water systems are often more efficiently operated when thermoplastics such as Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) and Polypropylene (PP) are employed as compared to ones constructed of stainless steel. It is important to consider the unique properties of thermoplastics when ...


    By Asahi/America, Inc.

  • Durability study on CFRP wrapped concrete beams under aging conditions

    The main purpose of this paper is to study the performance and durability of concrete beams with wrapped carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) under accelerated and natural aging. Variation in mechanical properties of CFRP wrapped concrete beams due to aging through: 1) water immersion, salt and alkaline solution immersion at elevated temperatures (room, 43°C and 60°C); 2) natural constant 20°C; ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurements of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in high saline conditions using P17

    Biofouling caused by the deposition or growth of microorganisms on the membrane surface is one of the major concerns in nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) processes. Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) has been a useful index to assess the growth potential of bacteria. In the case of drinking water, the AOC assay method has been widely applied to estimate growth or regrowth potential of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Levelogger Edge Data Verified in Harsh Conditions of Antarctic Tidal Study

    From April 2013, through December 2013, a Levelogger Edge was used in an Antarctic Tidal Study to monitor sea level fluctuations in the Davis Sea, Antarctica. A unique monitoring setup was implemented for the successful installation of the Levelogger Edge in these extreme climatic ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Efficiency of a Biodegradable Antiscalant against Barite under Geothermal Plant Conditions

    In geothermal power plants, various types of scales can occur. Barite (BaSO4, barium sulfate) is the dominating mineral species of the scales in a region in middle Europe, acting as isolation material and leading to a reduction of the heat transfer and clogging of installations. Further, sulphide minerals like galena (PbS, lead sulfide) may be part of the scaling. As a ...


    By Kurita

  • Defining cell culture conditions to improve human norovirus infectivity assays

    Significant difficulties remain for determining whether human noroviruses (hNoV) recovered from water, food, and environmental samples are infectious. Three-dimensional (3-D) tissue culture of human intestinal cells has shown promise in developing an infectivity assay, but reproducibility, even within a single laboratory, remains problematic. From the literature and our observations, we ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water - Case Study

    Company Created in 1981, this company provides water and wastewater services to millions of residents of one of Europe's largest and fastest-growing cities. It is under pressure to provide water to ever-higher standards and to become more cost-efficient, while coping with increasing demand. Its large network of pumping stations and treatment works are spread across a wide area. ...


    By Artesis

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrogenotrophic denitrification in an attached growth reactor under various operating conditions

    To study the performance of an attached growth reactor on nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) removal by a hydrogenotrophic denitrification process, the reactor was operated under various H2 flow rates (30, 50 and 70 mL/min), hydraulic retention times (HRTs) (2.6, 3.1, 4.7 and 6.7 h) and inorganic carbon (IC) concentrations (excess and no IC addition). Synthetic NO3-N water was prepared in accordance with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized water treatment and local water shortages

    MIT researchers conclude that alternative approaches to water planning can alleviate urban water supply issues quickly and inexpensively Urban areas around the world are expanding rapidly as the global population increases and people are moving to cities at a fast pace. This puts a strain on current infrastructure, including water treatment plants. Add global warming and increasing drought ...


    By Fluence Corporation

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