water conditioning system Articles

  • Total Dynamics of Quartz–Water System at Ambient Conditions

    New data on the dissolution and growth of quartz in acid, nearly neutral and slightly alkaline solutions at ambient conditions are presented. During batch dissolutions, aqueous Si-concentrations increased nonlinearly towards limit values. During parallel growth experiments, however, the high Si-concentrations corresponding to 13-fold supersaturation with respect to quartz did not decreased. To ...


    By Springer

  • Evaluation of chlorine decay models under transient conditions in a water distribution system

    Residual chlorine concentration decreases along distribution networks because of factors such as water quality, physical properties of the pipeline, and hydraulic conditions. Hydraulic conditions are primarily governed by transient events generated by valve modulation or pumping action. We investigate the impact of transient events on the rate of chlorine decay under various flow conditions. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of different water conditions on dissolution of nanosilver

    This study evaluates the time-dependent dissolution of nanosilver (nAg) in common electrolytes and natural waters. nAg was synthesized via Tollens’ method using sodium citrate as stabilizer; its morphology, UV–Vis spectrum, and particle size were characterized. The dissolved silver was monitored over time using filtration, centrifugation, and inductively coupled plasma atomic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water supply in Jordan under drought conditions

    This paper discusses the Mujib Dam reservoir's storage during the drought years of 2007–2009. It has been concluded that the policy of unplanned water release during the dry year 2007, when little attention was paid to the possibility of a continuation of the drought, contributed to the remarkable lack of surface water storage during 2008, another dry year. For better management and planning, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermoplastic Water System

    The use of thermoplastic plastics in pharmaceutical and biotech water and process systems is gaining greater acceptance. Water systems are often more efficiently operated when thermoplastics such as Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) and Polypropylene (PP) are employed as compared to ones constructed of stainless steel. It is important to consider the unique properties of thermoplastics when ...


    By Asahi/America, Inc.

  • Component-holistic condition assessment of water distribution networks

    The work presented herein presents an expanded methodology for imprinting the condition of an urban water distribution network (WDN). Even though the majority of past research efforts related to WDNs deal with water mains (WMs), only a small part of the research studies have considered house connections (HCs) in the analysis and very few researchers have examined how the failure of pipe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater infiltration, surface water inflow and sewerage exfiltration considering hydrodynamic conditions in sewer systems

    Sewer systems are closely interlinked with groundwater and surface water. Due to leaks and regular openings in the sewer system (e.g. combined sewer overflow structures with sometimes reverse pressure conditions), groundwater infiltration and surface water inflow as well as exfiltration of sewage take place and cannot be avoided. In the paper a new hydrodynamic sewer network modelling approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Degradation and transformation of 17α‐estradiol in water‐sediment systems under controlled aerobic and anaerobic conditions

    17α‐Estradiol is one of the principal metabolites in cattle excreta following the administration of Synovex® ONE, which contains estradiol benzoate (EB) and trenbolone acetate (TBA). As part of the environmental assessment of the use of Synovex® ONE, data were generated to characterize the fate of 17α‐estradiol in the environment. Studies were conducted to determine the degradation and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Fire Protection of Heritage Structures: Use of a Portable Water Mist System under High-altitude Conditions

    In order to verify the application of water mist on fire protection of the Potala Palace in Tibet and deepen the knowledge of its suppression mechanisms under high-altitude conditions, a series of experiments are performed with a portable water mist fire protection system and with diesel oil, gasoline and, in Lhasa, ghee as fuels. All of the experimental tests are conducted with and without ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Environmental performance of wastewater reuse systems: impact of system boundaries and external conditions

    Wastewater reclamation will be a significant part of future water management and the environmental assessment of various treatment systems to reuse wastewater has become an important research field. The secondary treatment process and sludge handling on-site are, especially, electricity demanding processes due to aeration, pumping, mixing, dewatering, etc. used for operation and are being ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Well Water Treatment Systems

    Well Water Treatment Systems | Industrial & Commercial Well water treatment systems are used to purify water and eliminate impurities from all types of well water (dug wells - driven wells - drilled wells). To have the right and the most efficient well water treatment system, you need to correctly analyze the well water chemistry and to have a fundamental understanding of how ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • (de)Constructing the conditions for private sector involvement in small towns’ water supply systems in Mozambique: policy implications

    Contracts have been developed to govern the relationship between principal and agent. These contracts are necessary for the principal to exert control over the agent assuming that the interest of both parties are at odds and information asymmetries exist. In the cases of private sector involvement in the expansion of water services in small towns in Mozambique we review in this paper we ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High groundwater site conditions

    Specific site conditions: BIOROCK non-electrical sewage treatment plants are unlike other wastewater treatment systems and are perfectly suitable for high groundwater conditions. BIOROCK plants can be installed in high water table or high groundwater sites by one of our trained installers. Our Research and Development team worked hard to find the best design to fit to difficult UK installation ...


    By BIOROCK S.à.r.l

  • Securing safe drinking water supply under climate change conditions

    Water suppliers worldwide are challenged by climate variations, but so far only the qualitative change in boundary conditions has become clear but not yet the degree and impact on the water supply systems. Short-term quality changes in surface waters can, e.g. be caused by extreme rainfalls after dry periods. Longer heat periods without rain can induce middle-term quality changes in surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Extension of an existing model for soil water evaporation and redistribution under high water content conditions

    Most crop, hydrology, and water quality models require the simulation of evaporation from the soil surface. A model developed by J.T. Ritchie in 1972 provides useful algorithms for estimating soil evaporation, but it does not calculate the soil water redistribution resulting from evaporation. A physically-based model using diffusion theory, described previously by Suleiman and Ritchie in 2003, ...

  • Condition assessment survey of onsite sewage disposal systems (OSDSs) in Hawaii

    Onsite sewage disposal systems (OSDSs) are the third leading cause of groundwater contamination in the USA. The existing condition of OSDSs in the State of Hawaii was investigated to determine whether a mandatory management program should be implemented. Based on observed conditions, OSDSs were differentiated into four categories: ‘pass’, ‘sludge scum’, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Genetic algorithm-based optimization of water resources allocation under drought conditions

    The efficient allocation of increasingly scarce water resources is a growing challenge worldwide, particularly during times of drought. This paper describes the development and application of an innovative technique to optimize the allocation of raw water supply to the city of London, UK during a period of drought in 2006. Using genetic algorithms, an optimization tool was developed to derive ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Benefits of an Eagle Water Treatment System

    Assessing your water issues is our specialty at Eagle Water Treatment.  With many years of combined experience within our team, Eagle Water Treatment Systems has the resources necessary to provide a premium experience within the water treatment industry. We specialize in water purification and water conditioning both for municipal and private water treatment needs. Our ...

  • Managing Great Lakes Water Levels Adaptively in Response to Changing Climate Conditions

    The Laurentian Great Lakes contain an abundance of fresh water, collectively representing approximately 20% of the fresh surface water available globally. Despite the enormity of this resource, water levels and flows in the Great Lakes are subject to fluctuations caused by changing climate conditions that have cascading impacts on the coastal ecosystem and the regional economy. Proactive ...


    By LimnoTech Inc.

  • Critical Factors in Adopting Cooling Media for Central Air-Conditioning Systems in Hong Kong

    There has been a dilemma about whether to adopt water-cooled or air-cooled air-conditioning systems at various times for different developments in Hong Kong, strongly influenced by the local government. Fresh water has been a scarce resource as a cooling medium; however, in recent years, the local government has advocated water-cooled air-conditioning systems, using fresh water or sea water as a ...

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