water conservation Articles

  • Pulp & Paper Water Treatment - A look at optimizing water resource management

    Application Case Study (Pulp/Paper Operations) The pulp and paper industry has traditionally been a consumer of large amounts of fresh water and power. Recently, increased focus has been given to the optimized efficiency of paper mills and to the environmental sustainability footprint of the industry. Therefore, water resource management has become a more critical factor ...

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • Water Reuse and Conservation

    According to the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Outlook 3, 2002), the total volume of water on earth is about 1,400 million cubic km (kilometers), of which, only 2.5 per cent, or about 35 million cubic km, is freshwater. Most freshwater is locked up in glaciers, or in deep groundwater aquifers. The usable portion of freshwater is only about 200,000 cubic km of water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Department of Land & Water Conservation

    The NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation is an amalgamation of the former departments of Conservation and Land Management and Water Resources, and the Water Services Policy Division of the former NSW Public Works. As the State’s major natural resource agency, the Department of Land and Water Conservation is responsible for the management of nearly all of the land and water in New South ...


    By KISTERS AG

  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • Constraints to irrigation water conservation implementation

    Owing to the soil nutrients erosivity by water flow the amount of minerals of water resources differ from place to place. When the irrigation take place the water taken from reservoirs the amount of minerals found in water is measured and the crops can be cultivated accordingly. TDS meter was used in my research in the cultivating lands in Vavuniya and Mannar Districts in Northern Part of ...


  • Water Conservation: A Vital Consideration in Industrial Water Treatment

    Abstract Groundwater shortages, EPA regulations, aquifer pollution, and increasing restrictions on the use of chemicals in open recirculating cooling & process water systems have driven the need for alternative technologies in this sector of industrial water treatment. The VRTX Technology is a mechanical water treatment system designed to address this alternative need in cooling and ...


  • Impact of globalisation on biodiversity conservation

    Biodiversity is generally described at three levels – diversity of ecosystems, diversity of species, and diversity of genes. Biodiversity is both a scientific and a political concept, embracing a trinity of globally-agreed objectives such as conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biological resources, and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from this use. This paper describes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An essential resource: water management, conservation, and preservation

    Sustainable water resource management is the next major global target that will lead corporations, governments, and others to develop system-wide solutions for water, public health, carbon, and energy use. A standardized and certifiable water footprint methodology is necessary to measure, assess, and reduce water usage impacts on humans and the environment. This discussion addresses the issues, ...

  • Hidden oasis: water conservation and efficiency in Las Vegas

    Two of the West’s preeminent water organizations report Las Vegas Valley is sitting on an oasis of water and money savings. In their new report, the Pacific Institute and Western Resource Advocates find up to 40% of water could be saved in some sectors through improvements to indoor and outdoor water efficiency. They also found that through improving indoor water efficiency in particular, Las ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Waste not, want not: The potential for urban water conservation in California

    This report has been several years in themaking, in part because of the challenges ofcollecting data, developing methods andapproaches, and assembling the pieces, and in partbecause of the difficulty of finding funders who trulyunderstand the importance of conservation andefficiency for water policy and planning. Many peopleat the Pacific Institute played a role in preparing thisanalysis and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Water Conservation and Reuse Case Study in Pharmaceutical Industry

    A pharmaceutical company in Puerto Rico was facing some uncertainty in the sustainability of its water supply for new drug products. The plant relies primarily on the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority (PRASA) water supply for an average of 134,000 gallons per day. Groundwater was impacted by saltwater intrusion and adjacent property contamination. The company wanted to develop a water ...

  • Waste Not, Want Not: The Potential for Urban Water Conservation in California

    Executive Summary The largest, least expensive, and most environmentally sound source of water to meet California’s future needs is the water currently being wasted in every sector of our economy. This report, “Waste Not, Want Not,” strongly indicates that California’s urban water needs can be met into the foreseeable future by reducing water waste through cost-effective water-saving ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Aligning theory and measurement in behavioral models of water conservation

    Discussion in the water literature has called for research on the role of behavioral intentions in explanations of both water demand and water conservation. But previous research has suggested that individual-level motivations are not good predictors of metered household water consumption. Two possible reasons for the lack of association between intentions and actual water conservation are that: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Religious approaches to water management and environmental conservation

    The goal of this paper is to identify points of convergence between the great religious traditions in addressing human–nature relations, as well as presenting a critical evaluation of whether these approaches have in fact affected environmental conservation in representative countries. Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism have been considered. The main traditions considered are: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ten Ways to Conserve Water This Holiday Season

    The holiday season is almost here, which to us at WaterSignal means even more opportunities to conserve water! As you gear up for the holidays, save water and money with these ten water saving tips: 1.) Buy recycled paper products: Products made from 100 percent recycled paper require much less water in their manufacturing than those made from virgin paper. 2.) Inspect bathroom ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Water conservation education as a tool to empower water users to reduce water use

    There is a finite supply of global fresh water available for human consumption, which is in great demand from both humans and the environment. As technology and populations increase, so do the demands and pressure on this limited resource. Demand far too often outstrips supply, requiring authorities to impose restrictions on water use. Recent research undertaken by Rand Water, in the Rand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient water conservation in agriculture for growing urban water demands in Jordan

    A significant worldwide challenge is to increase the food supply to accommodate a population growing to 9,000,000,000 in the face of climate change. Per capita water supply in Jordan is among the world's lowest. Despite this scarcity, three-quarters of Jordan's water use is consumed by irrigated agriculture, while producing low economic values from additional water used compared to urban uses. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of an environmentally optimum cooling water system design in water and energy conservation

    Recirculating cooling water systems are consist of a cooling tower and heat-exchanger network which conventionally have a parallel configuration. However, reuse of water between different cooling duties enables cooling water networks to be designed with series arrangements. This will results in performance improvement and increased cooling tower capacity. Research on recirculating cooling water ...

  • Energy Conservation: Westpac Banking Corporation

    The concerted effort of employees was the key to the success of Westpac’s energy conservation program which, in 1994, reduced electricity bills by $2.54 million, more than recouping the initial outlay of $1.8 million in only the first year. In 1995, the bank outlayed another $1.1 million but saved an additional $1.5 million, increasing recurrent annual savings to $4 million. The program revolved ...


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