water conservation Articles

  • Water Reuse and Conservation

    According to the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program, Global Environment Outlook 3, 2002), the total volume of water on earth is about 1,400 million cubic km (kilometers), of which, only 2.5 per cent, or about 35 million cubic km, is freshwater. Most freshwater is locked up in glaciers, or in deep groundwater aquifers. The usable portion of freshwater is only about 200,000 cubic km of water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nestle and water conservation

    Is our world facing a larger environmental problem than climate change? Well, Nestle’s chairman, Peter Brabeck thinks so. According to Brabeck, water stress should be the world’s “first priority”, and according to the United Nations; one in three of the world’s population live in water stressed areas, and this is set to increase to one in two by ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Department of Land & Water Conservation

    The NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation is an amalgamation of the former departments of Conservation and Land Management and Water Resources, and the Water Services Policy Division of the former NSW Public Works. As the State’s major natural resource agency, the Department of Land and Water Conservation is responsible for the management of nearly all of the land and water in New South ...


    By KISTERS AG

  • 5 ways to conserve water this winter

    Water conservation is something we harp on during the summertime, but what about during the winter? When the irrigation systems shut down, it’s easy to put conservation on the back burner while indoor water waste continues to occur. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the average person uses 80-100 gallons per day for everything from cooking, to showering and flushing the ...


    By WaterSignal

  • An essential resource: water management, conservation, and preservation

    Sustainable water resource management is the next major global target that will lead corporations, governments, and others to develop system-wide solutions for water, public health, carbon, and energy use. A standardized and certifiable water footprint methodology is necessary to measure, assess, and reduce water usage impacts on humans and the environment. This discussion addresses the issues, ...

  • Tunisia: Reform of irrigation policy and water conservation

    An arid country with limited water resources, Tunisia depends heavily on irrigated agriculture. The sector contributes 30-40% of the value of agricultural production, and is highly important in some regions. However, abstraction for irrigation accounts for 83% of the available water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Religious approaches to water management and environmental conservation

    The goal of this paper is to identify points of convergence between the great religious traditions in addressing human–nature relations, as well as presenting a critical evaluation of whether these approaches have in fact affected environmental conservation in representative countries. Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism have been considered. The main traditions considered are: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study: Peers Influence Water Conservation Choices

    Noting the effects of water conservation on peers, researchers estimated that if 1% of Phoenix households cut consumption, it would lead to metropolitan water savings of 6.6 million gallons over the growing season. Researches found that those who adopted dry landscaping influenced their neighbors to do the same Economists and marketers alike know that social ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Ten Ways to Conserve Water This Holiday Season

    The holiday season is almost here, which to us at WaterSignal means even more opportunities to conserve water! As you gear up for the holidays, save water and money with these ten water saving tips: 1.) Buy recycled paper products: Products made from 100 percent recycled paper require much less water in their manufacturing than those made from virgin paper. 2.) Inspect bathroom ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Water conservation education as a tool to empower water users to reduce water use

    There is a finite supply of global fresh water available for human consumption, which is in great demand from both humans and the environment. As technology and populations increase, so do the demands and pressure on this limited resource. Demand far too often outstrips supply, requiring authorities to impose restrictions on water use. Recent research undertaken by Rand Water, in the Rand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient water conservation in agriculture for growing urban water demands in Jordan

    A significant worldwide challenge is to increase the food supply to accommodate a population growing to 9,000,000,000 in the face of climate change. Per capita water supply in Jordan is among the world's lowest. Despite this scarcity, three-quarters of Jordan's water use is consumed by irrigated agriculture, while producing low economic values from additional water used compared to urban uses. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aligning theory and measurement in behavioral models of water conservation

    Discussion in the water literature has called for research on the role of behavioral intentions in explanations of both water demand and water conservation. But previous research has suggested that individual-level motivations are not good predictors of metered household water consumption. Two possible reasons for the lack of association between intentions and actual water conservation are that: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Waste Not, Want Not: The Potential for Urban Water Conservation in California

    Executive Summary The largest, least expensive, and most environmentally sound source of water to meet California’s future needs is the water currently being wasted in every sector of our economy. This report, “Waste Not, Want Not,” strongly indicates that California’s urban water needs can be met into the foreseeable future by reducing water waste through cost-effective water-saving ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Hidden oasis: water conservation and efficiency in Las Vegas

    Two of the West’s preeminent water organizations report Las Vegas Valley is sitting on an oasis of water and money savings. In their new report, the Pacific Institute and Western Resource Advocates find up to 40% of water could be saved in some sectors through improvements to indoor and outdoor water efficiency. They also found that through improving indoor water efficiency in particular, Las ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Water Conservation and Reuse Case Study in Pharmaceutical Industry

    A pharmaceutical company in Puerto Rico was facing some uncertainty in the sustainability of its water supply for new drug products. The plant relies primarily on the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority (PRASA) water supply for an average of 134,000 gallons per day. Groundwater was impacted by saltwater intrusion and adjacent property contamination. The company wanted to develop a water ...

  • Waste not, want not: The potential for urban water conservation in California

    This report has been several years in themaking, in part because of the challenges ofcollecting data, developing methods andapproaches, and assembling the pieces, and in partbecause of the difficulty of finding funders who trulyunderstand the importance of conservation andefficiency for water policy and planning. Many peopleat the Pacific Institute played a role in preparing thisanalysis and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Application of an environmentally optimum cooling water system design in water and energy conservation

    Recirculating cooling water systems are consist of a cooling tower and heat-exchanger network which conventionally have a parallel configuration. However, reuse of water between different cooling duties enables cooling water networks to be designed with series arrangements. This will results in performance improvement and increased cooling tower capacity. Research on recirculating cooling water ...

  • The politics of water conservation: identifying and overcoming barriers to successful policies

    Policies that increase the reliance of a water-supply organization (WSO) on water conservation have economic and environmental benefits, but some cities and WSOs have been reluctant to pursue such policies to their full extent. Previous research has identified barriers such as WSOs’ concerns with revenue loss and consumers’ concerns with changes in lifestyle. Based on interviews in four US ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing the conservation effectiveness of private water transactions and public policy reforms in the conserving California landscapes initiative

    Recent efforts by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to reduce the environmental impacts of water impoundment and diversion have pursued two distinct but interacting strategies in California's complex water resources management system: (1) the private acquisition of water rights (wherein the NGO dealt directly with a private citizen and purchased water rights through a willing seller model) for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water conservation and demand management potential in southern Africa: an untapped river

    With a population of 190 million, half of whom do not have access to adequate water services, and a climate prone to droughts and floods, the southern Africa region faces an enormous challenge in how to allocate, use and protect its limited water resources. Like many regions around the world, little effort has been given in the past to utilising water in an efficient manner, despite the critical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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