water consumption information Articles

  • Household Consumption and the Environment

    Providing input for European policy-making Ten years after the Rio conference, the agreement at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg to develop a framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production (SCP) marked a renewed global policy-focus. Reflecting this renewed focus, SCP EU policy-making is now on the agenda. The European Council at its meeting in ...

  • Analysing the dynamics of transitions in residential water consumption in the Netherlands

    Water infrastructure is inherently a socio-technical system. Rapidly changing urban trends and long-term uncertainties make water infrastructure management complex. This paper analyses the dynamics of residential water consumption in the Netherlands since 1900. During this period, different drivers for change had an influence on residential water use. Results show that different (f)actors and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methylmercury, Fish Consumption, and the Precautionary Principle

    This paper considers several broad issues in the context of probabilistic assessment of the benefits of curtailing mercury (Hg) emissions from U.S. coal fired power plants, based on information developed from recent literature and ...

  • Using smart meters to identify social and technological impacts on residential water consumption

    Studies have shown that householders' perceptions of their water use are often not well matched with their actual water use. There has been less research, however, investigating whether this bias is related to specific types of end use and/or specific types of socio-demographic and socio-demographic household profiles. A high resolution smart metering study producing a detailed end use event ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Consumption estimation with a partial automatic meter reading deployment

    Automatic water meter reading (AMR) is now the best kind of technology to supply real time information on water consumption. Complete equipment of a district metered area enables the assessment of the total consumption of a finite size population, for a time scale sometimes as short as an hour. However, its cost for generalization can generate high capital expenditures (CAPEX), unaffordable for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A long-overdue burial for the population vs. consumption question

    Enough about whether population, consumption or production is the problem. We need to get to work on all of them – now. When the topic of human population comes up, the reaction is often a knee-jerk one that reduces a complex conversation to a choice between fertility rates and overconsumption — as if they are mutually exclusive, when in fact they are part of the ...


    By Ensia

  • Leveraging the capacity of the informal water sector workforce

    The global shortage of skilled professionals in the water sector is a major industry challenge, particularly in an era of growing water scarcity and increasing demand for water from agriculture, industry and domestic consumption. As utilities move to improve their performance in water service delivery, to meet the demands of both consumers and sustainable development, a fit for purpose workforce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing UFW and Variable Water Rate Impacts, Use And Loss Metrics in a Declining Water Consumption Environment

    Water utilities in North America have recently experienced significant downturns in water consumption arising, in large measure, from the economic slowdown and the effectiveness of water efficiency strategies implemented over the last few of years. The information presented in this study of water production, use and loss trends in Ontario Canada, is likely characteristic of many other countries ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modifications for water management guidance based on an assessment of swimming pool water consumption of an operational facility in the UK

    Water use is a significant operational cost factor for large swimming pool facilities, however it has been overshadowed by the recent focus on energy consumption and carbon emissions. Currently, it is difficult for operators to make decisions in relation to water efficiency due to the lack of information about the relationship between pool operation and water use. This study has started to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multivariate consumption profiling (MCP) for intelligent meter systems: a methodology to define categories and levels

    Multivariate Consumption Profiling (MCP) is a methodology to analyse the readings made by Intelligent Meter (IM) systems. Even in advanced water companies with well supported IM, full statistical analyses are not performed, since no efficient methods are available to deal with all the data items. Multivariate Analysis has been proposed as a convenient way to synthesise all IM information. MCP ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and testing of a water-efficient laundry system in informal settlements of eThekwini municipality, South Africa

    In the informal settlements of eThekwini municipality, South Africa, laundry activities are typically undertaken at local standpipes and washbasins of community ablution blocks (CABs), and are characterised by high levels of water consumption and greywater production. Since greywater contains a high pollution load, including sodium tripolyphosphate, it poses a significant environmental and public ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disparity between state fish consumption advisory systems for methylmercury and US Environmental Protection Agency recommendations: A case study of the south central United States

    Fish consumption advisories are used to inform citizens in the United States about noncommercial game fish with hazardous levels of methylmercury (MeHg). The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) suggests issuing a fish consumption advisory when concentrations of MeHg in fish exceed a human health screening value of 300 ng/g. However, states have authority to develop their own systems for ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A fresh approach to water practices

    Science is meeting the challenge of finding ways to reduce Australia's wasteful water practices and improve the way we use and manage this finite resource. In the regional NSW town of Goulburn, just down the road from Australia’s national capital, water supplies earlier this year fell to less than 10 per cent of capacity. In most of Australia’s major cities demand is close to or equalling supply ...

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Topological clustering as a tool for planning water quality monitoring in water distribution networks

    Topological clustering was explored as a tool for water supply utilities in preparation of monitoring and contamination contingency plans. A complex water distribution network model of Copenhagen, Denmark, was simplified by topological clustering into recognizable water movement patterns to: (1) identify steady clusters for a part of the network where an actual contamination has occurred; (2) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EPA Revises Water Quality Criteria

    Tens of thousands of members of the regulated community from industrial facilities with air emissions and wastewater discharges to municipal wastewater treatment plants, to hazardous waste site managers may be affected by changes to the WQC. US EPA Water Quality Criteria (WQC) which attempt to protect human health and the environment associated with the US waters, serve as the basis for most ...


    By AECOM

  • Waste water treatment, intensification of process

    Among the various methods such as homogenizing, mixing, neutralization, sedimentation, filtering, ion exchange etc. ABC-100 PC GlobeCore production is machines with vortex layer and it is widely used for: ·               wastewater treatment from hexavalent chromium and other heavy ...


    By PC GlobeCore

  • Water Reuse Options for Industrial Plants

    Water can be a high cost commodity for an industrial operation.  In addition, industrial water consumption uses approximately 22% of water worldwide, a percentage that bothers water-conscious customers. To cut back on costs, as well as reduce environmental impact, industrial plants are considering water reuse. Plants have several options when it comes to water reuse, which  ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Water Treatment Equipment Markets in China

    China’s demand for Water Treatment Equipment has grown at a fast pace in the past decade. In the next decade, both production and demand will continue to grow. The Chinese economy maintains a high speed growth which has been stimulated by the consecutive increases of industrial output, import & export, consumer consumption and capital investment for over two decades. This new study ...

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