water consumption measuring Articles

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • What’s the difference between water use and water consumption?

    In January, Brian Richter, director of freshwater strategies at The Nature Conservancy, spelled out four water resolutions through a thought-provoking series of blog posts. One of those resolutions was to better understand and communicate the differences between water use and water consumption. This is a ...

  • Micro-component survey of residential water consumption in Hanoi

    Daily total water consumption per capita has been used as a basic unit for the future planning of water supply for domestic use. However, for innovative water utilization designs that consider various scenarios, including the effects of policy direction and global warming, and more strategic and efficient water use, it is absolutely essential to consider water usage divided by residential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reduction of Water Consumption and Pollution Load: A Raptis & Sons Pty Ltd

     A. Raptis & Sons has introduced simple conservation measures to cut their water usage by up to 50%, saving the company some $40,000 per year and achieving a significant reduction in the pollution load on the sewer. Through these simple measures, the company was able to defer investment in the more expensive - although economically viable - option of treating and recycling water. This ...


  • A simple forecast technique for estimating the statistical characteristics of water consumption

    The forecast water consumption values are the most critical input data in the pump schedule optimization of water distribution systems. The aim of this paper is to present a simple technique which is able to estimate the mean consumption and its distribution for a given demand zone with an hourly resolution. Simplicity (low computational cost) is advantageous since the forecast model needs to be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water contributes to high salt consumption in young adults in coastal Bangladesh

    Increasing salinity of freshwater from environmental and anthropogenic influences is threatening the health of 35 million inhabitants in coastal Bangladesh. Yet little is known about the characteristics of their exposure to salt (sodium), a major risk factor for hypertension and related chronic diseases. This research examined sodium consumption levels and associated factors in young adults. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Annual effective dose measurement from consumption of Dimeh Springs in the highest altitude region of Iran

    Two of the main sources of public exposure from natural radioactivity are radium and radon, and their short-lived decay products. The aim of this study is to determine the concentration of these radionuclides in the mineral water resources of one of the highest-altitude regions (Zagros Mountains) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, in the south-west of Iran, namely Dimeh Springs. Eighty ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing UFW and Variable Water Rate Impacts, Use And Loss Metrics in a Declining Water Consumption Environment

    Water utilities in North America have recently experienced significant downturns in water consumption arising, in large measure, from the economic slowdown and the effectiveness of water efficiency strategies implemented over the last few of years. The information presented in this study of water production, use and loss trends in Ontario Canada, is likely characteristic of many other countries ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water tariffs and consumption drop: an evaluation of households' response to a water tariff increase in Manaus, Brazil

    Increasing block tariffs seek a cross-subsidy mechanism between the water network users, based on the common assumption of a low water price elasticity. In Manaus, the capital city of the Brazilian state of Amazonas, where most of the 1.6 million dwellers are supplied through a municipal water network, a substantial consumption drop followed the tariff increase of 2004. This drop questions the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reducing water consumption in industry through flow analysis and simulation: a case study from India

    Increasing water shortages in some countries is forcing the industrial enterprises to secure their own supply of process water. Reducing water consumption and closing water cycles is essential in order to safeguard industrial water supply. The various ways of implementing water saving measures in a company can be highlighted via a status-quo analysis involving a simulation of the actual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Six Sigma: a new practice for reducing water consumption within Coca Cola industry

    Six Sigma is a well-known concept who means the perfection: a process of production to Three Sigma makes 3.4 defaults/million unit, whereas Six Sigma means for us the perfection. We used it now to mean the type of specialised training aiming at the attack of very high objectives for processes improvement. The method Six Sigma is a method of continuous improvement and elimination of non-quality, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aligning theory and measurement in behavioral models of water conservation

    Discussion in the water literature has called for research on the role of behavioral intentions in explanations of both water demand and water conservation. But previous research has suggested that individual-level motivations are not good predictors of metered household water consumption. Two possible reasons for the lack of association between intentions and actual water conservation are that: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Benthic nutrient fluxes and sediment oxygen consumption in a full-scale facultative pond in Patagonia, Argentina

    The study of benthic metabolism is an interesting tool to understand the process that occurs in bottom water at wastewater stabilization ponds. Here, rates of benthic oxygen consumption and nutrient exchange across the water–sludge interface were measured in situ using a benthic chamber. The research was carried out during autumn, winter, and summer at a municipal facultative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Level Measurement Network Polder Monitoring Areas - Case Study

    Project name Water Level Measurement Network Polder Monitoring Areas Client Rijnland District Water Control Board Country The Netherlands Background and aim project Chris van Vliet (team leader of Sample Taking at HHRS of Rijnland) explains why this project was carried out: “The most ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Turbidity Measurements in Drinking Water, Effluent Discharges and Coagulant Controlling

    This month at Partech Water Instruments we’re talking about our turbidity sensors—fantastic to use as an environmental indicator. So how can they be used? We’re here to tell you about turbidity sensors being utilised for drinking water, effluent discharges and coagulant controlling. Turbidity Sensors and Drinking Water Turbidity sensors ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Eutrophication of Waters, Role of Phosphates, Preventive Measures - Phosphates and Alternative Detergent Builders

    Recognition of the relationship between increasing phosphorus inputs to surface waters and the subsequent increase in eutrophication of water bodies gave rise to public concern during the 1970’s and 1980’s. This led to action by several countries including the USA, Japan and some EU member states, to reduce phosphorus loads, particularly from urban and industrial point sources. The two main areas ...


  • Using economic and other performance measures to evaluate a municipal drought plan

    This paper explores the welfare costs associated with drought plan transactions between a public municipal water agency, the El Dorado Irrigation District (EID) in California in the USA and its customers. The EID imposes a tiered pricing plan for municipal customers, which was analyzed as a discrete continuous choice (DCC) model by water users within a climate driven water evaluation and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Savers

    With record-breaking droughts, rising temperatures and more than half of the United States population living in cities with vulnerable water supplies, water scarcity has gone from distant doomsday scenario to a natural resource reality. But at 98 gallons of water per person, the United States’ daily water use is among the highest of any nation in the world, over seven times the 13.2 gallons ...


    By Ensia

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • International Statistics for Water Services

    Statistics and Economics The scope of this Group is to provide a forum to debate how utilities are financed, how their various water tariff structures are, which measurement of performance they use, how they analyse their micro economics, how they manage efficiency, etc. Through periodical worldwide surveys the Group provides water industry statistics on countries water facts updating ...


    By IWA Publishing

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