water contaminant Articles

  • Types of Water Treatment Systems

    There are different types of water treatment systems, and knowing the difference between them can help you make an informed decision on just what type of treatment you’ll need for your water. There is no best water treatment system that will meet everyone’s needs—each system has its benefits and deficiencies. Here are a few ...

  • Contaminated Water

    Treatment of Contaminated Mine Water Discharge Recent estimates have suggested that in the UK 2,500 km of streams and an area of 9,000 km2 of groundwater bodies are at risk of failure of Water Framework Directive Objectives due to mine water pollution (Jarvis & Rees 2004). For over two decades the Loughor Estuary in South Wales, which carries SSSI status, had been ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Bioremediation of pollutant-contaminated water

    Raw water resources in Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate are affected by many contaminants particularly during the winter season and low demand period of the Nile River, in which water level decreases and organic matter increases resulting in decreased dissolved oxygen, and increased ammonia, nitrite and bacterial load in the water. In this study, physicochemical and microbiological characteristics ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 4 Types of Contaminants in Water

    The EPA says that there are 4 type of water contaminants: physical, chemical, radiological, and biological. Its definition includes anything that is not an actual water molecule. That means that naturally occurring things like sediment and water weeds are considered contaminants along with things like oil and uranium. Chances are good that the type of contaminants your company needs to keep out ...

  • Monitoring Metal Contamination in Water

    Metal contamination in drinking and source water has proven to have economic and health impacts on the human race. Regulatory agencies understand the importance of remediating metal contamination in our water supply to ensure safe consumption of drinking water. In order to properly remediate our water supplies, one must first determine cause of contamination and the source of the problem. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determining trace amounts of contaminants in water

    Introduction Pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and pharmaceuticals are a worldwide contamination problem. Several major US water bodies, such as the Hudson River, St. Lawrence River, Fox River and the Great Lakes have been contaminated with PCBs from industries discharging into these water bodies for decades. For example, from approximately 1947 to 1977, the General Electric ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Secondary removal of chlorophenolic contaminants in water

    In this study, several factors important for the design of a water supply treatment system for the removal of trace amounts of organic contaminants by microorganisms in a fixed-film were assessed. This entailed evaluating the effect of seeding with adapted microorganisms on the acclimation time, determining what depth of support material was required for removal of contaminants and observing the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water contamination in fuel: cause and effect

    Water exists in three physical states and depending on the surrounding conditions it finds its way to the fuel systems like the high pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel systems on diesel engines. The important point thereafter is to provide the best possible on-engine protection by securing the fuel injector systems from severe damage. As the environmental challenges and emission regulations become ...

  • Immunoassays for Environmental Contaminants (Pesticides) in Food and Water

    Immunoassays are one of the most powerful of all immunochemical techniques. They can be employed in a wide range of methods to detect large numbers of different compounds. In this paper, the principles of immunoassay will be explored in general terms. This will be followed by a more specific discussion of the application of these principles to the measurement of pesticide residues in food and ...


  • Microbiological contamination of water pans in Baringo County

    Water pans constitute the main source of rural water supply in Baringo County. This study sought to assess the spatial-temporal variation of total coliforms, Escherichia coli, Fecal streptococcus and Salmonella species in the water pans. A sanitary survey was conducted to observe the potential sources of microbial contamination on the water pans. Water was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water repellency in oil contaminated sandy and clayey soils

    Two sites from a humid tropical environment were studied with respect to soil water repellency caused by hydrocarbon contamination. Samples were analyzed for water repellency (molarity ethanol droplet method), total petroleum hydrocarbons, acute toxicity (Microtox) and field capacity. At both sites, water absorption times were ...

  • Distillation treatment and removal of contaminants from drinking water

    Distillation treatment typically removes most of the dissolved materials. In addition, the boiling process kills biological contaminants. Nevertheless, there are certain volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds that may not be removed by distillation (CDPH 2009). Organic compounds that boil at temperatures greater than the boiling point of water (some pesticides) can be effectively removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Forensic Approach to Solve a Ground Water Contamination Problem

    In 2000, a subdivision outside a small city in southeast Texas discovered that the water supply wells that individual households had drilled were contaminated with trichloroethylene or TCE as it is commonly called. Since the extent of TCE contamination seemed to extend for over a mile in length, it was thought the “event” or “events” leading to the contamination had occurred some years ago. The ...

  • Impact of cleaning regimes on dental water unit contamination

    Microorganisms that have been identified in dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) are of concern because they can cause infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. This study aimed to assess the incidence of microbial contamination in DUWLs before and after intervention to reduce contamination, and to investigate the presence of coliforms, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biosensors - Using DNA as a biosensor to detect contaminants in water

    Biosensor - Using DNA to detect water contamination.   ...


    By ANDalyze

  • Treatment of contaminated water with pesticides via adsorption

    Static adsorption experiments of pesticides (alachlor, trifluralin and prometryn) on amberlite XAD-4 were carried out at pH 5. The effect of ionic strength (0.01–2 M) on the pesticides adsorption was also investigated. This effect is more pronounced for the adsorption of more polar molecules (alachlor and prometryn) compared to trifluralin adsorption. This phenomenon can be attributed to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Density Dependent Water Flow and Contaminant Transport

    SoilVision Systems Ltd. would like to announce the release of the addition of fully coupled density-dependent water flow and contaminant transport in ChemFlux™ and SVFlux™. Using the new density-dependent flow capability can improve the accuracy of the simulation of heavy salt water. This new feature has been implemented in 1D, 2D, and 3D models and is enabled to ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Density dependant water flow and contaminant transport

    SoilVision Systems Ltd. would like to announce the release of the addition of fully coupled density-dependent water flow and contaminant transport in ChemFlux and SVFlux. Using the new density-dependent flow capability can improve the accuracy of the simulation of heavy salt water. This new feature has been implemented in 1D, 2D, and 3D models and is enabled to work with the Professional version ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Removing Inorganic Contaminants with Arsenic Water Treatment

    Inorganic contaminants in drinking water are more than just an annoyance. Arsenic is a naturally occurring carcinogen, which is known to lead to both cancer and heart failure. Arsenic is also a difficult contaminant to detect. Since arsenic is both odorless and colorless, testing has to be conducted in order to reliably identify it. Arsenic often appears in conjunction with iron and manganese. ...

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