water contaminant Articles

  • Contaminated Water

    Treatment of Contaminated Mine Water Discharge Recent estimates have suggested that in the UK 2,500 km of streams and an area of 9,000 km2 of groundwater bodies are at risk of failure of Water Framework Directive Objectives due to mine water pollution (Jarvis & Rees 2004). For over two decades the Loughor Estuary in South Wales, which carries SSSI status, had been ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Monitoring Metal Contamination in Water

    Metal contamination in drinking and source water has proven to have economic and health impacts on the human race. Regulatory agencies understand the importance of remediating metal contamination in our water supply to ensure safe consumption of drinking water. In order to properly remediate our water supplies, one must first determine cause of contamination and the source of the problem. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation of pollutant-contaminated water

    Raw water resources in Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate are affected by many contaminants particularly during the winter season and low demand period of the Nile River, in which water level decreases and organic matter increases resulting in decreased dissolved oxygen, and increased ammonia, nitrite and bacterial load in the water. In this study, physicochemical and microbiological characteristics ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Are you drinking water that is contaminated?

    Why Distilled water by the experts  There is a huge need in the world for the purest water possible, to combat the high levels of pollutants and chemicals found in today's water supply. This can be provided by ...


    By Global CSP

  • 4 Types of Contaminants in Water

    The EPA says that there are 4 type of water contaminants: physical, chemical, radiological, and biological. Its definition includes anything that is not an actual water molecule. That means that naturally occurring things like sediment and water weeds are considered contaminants along with things like oil and uranium. Chances are good that the type of contaminants your company needs to keep out ...

  • Water contamination in fuel: cause and effect

    Water exists in three physical states and depending on the surrounding conditions it finds its way to the fuel systems like the high pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel systems on diesel engines. The important point thereafter is to provide the best possible on-engine protection by securing the fuel injector systems from severe damage. As the environmental challenges and emission regulations become ...

  • Determining trace amounts of contaminants in water

    Introduction Pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and pharmaceuticals are a worldwide contamination problem. Several major US water bodies, such as the Hudson River, St. Lawrence River, Fox River and the Great Lakes have been contaminated with PCBs from industries discharging into these water bodies for decades. For example, from approximately 1947 to 1977, the General Electric ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Secondary removal of chlorophenolic contaminants in water

    In this study, several factors important for the design of a water supply treatment system for the removal of trace amounts of organic contaminants by microorganisms in a fixed-film were assessed. This entailed evaluating the effect of seeding with adapted microorganisms on the acclimation time, determining what depth of support material was required for removal of contaminants and observing the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hand-pumps as reservoirs for microbial contamination of well water

    The retention and release of total coliforms and Escherichia coli was investigated in hand-pumps removed from tubewells tapping a faecally contaminated aquifer in Matlab, Bangladesh, and from a new hand-pump deliberately spiked with E. coli. All hand-pumps were connected to reservoirs of sterile water and flushed. Faecal coliforms were observed in the discharge from all three of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using Solid Phase Extraction for Determination of Contaminants in Water

    Pesticides, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), andpharmaceuticalsare a worldwide contamination problem. Because these contaminates are long lived in the environment and bioaccumulate throughout the food chain a great deal of research and regulations has been implemented. Several major US water bodies such as the Hudson River, St. Lawrence River, Fox River and the Great Lakes have been contaminated ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil)

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A look at some contaminants regulated in drinking water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates just over 90 contaminants in public drinking water systems. They include manmade chemicals as well as naturally occurring contaminants from rocks and soil. A look at some of the contaminants that fall under federal or state regulations: ARSENIC: Enters drinking water through eroding natural deposits in the ground or mining and other ...


    By Associated Press

  • Waste water plant struggles with contamination case study

    A plant in the southwest US commissioning a wastewater plant utilizing proprietary technology for the removal of benzene, toluene, and xylene, or BTX, was experiencing challenges with throughput and elevated operational costs due to the presence of particulate contaminants. The plant takes the wastewater and processes it, removing the BTX prior to being fed to the conventional wastewater plant. ...

  • Immunoassays for Environmental Contaminants (Pesticides) in Food and Water

    Immunoassays are one of the most powerful of all immunochemical techniques. They can be employed in a wide range of methods to detect large numbers of different compounds. In this paper, the principles of immunoassay will be explored in general terms. This will be followed by a more specific discussion of the application of these principles to the measurement of pesticide residues in food and ...


  • Microbiological contamination of water pans in Baringo County

    Water pans constitute the main source of rural water supply in Baringo County. This study sought to assess the spatial-temporal variation of total coliforms, Escherichia coli, Fecal streptococcus and Salmonella species in the water pans. A sanitary survey was conducted to observe the potential sources of microbial contamination on the water pans. Water was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Distillation treatment and removal of contaminants from drinking water

    Distillation treatment typically removes most of the dissolved materials. In addition, the boiling process kills biological contaminants. Nevertheless, there are certain volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds that may not be removed by distillation (CDPH 2009). Organic compounds that boil at temperatures greater than the boiling point of water (some pesticides) can be effectively removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water repellency in oil contaminated sandy and clayey soils

    Two sites from a humid tropical environment were studied with respect to soil water repellency caused by hydrocarbon contamination. Samples were analyzed for water repellency (molarity ethanol droplet method), total petroleum hydrocarbons, acute toxicity (Microtox) and field capacity. At both sites, water absorption times were ...

  • Bacterial contamination of reusable bottled drinking water in Ecuador

    In northern coastal Ecuador, water is routinely sold in 20 L reusable bottles for household consumption. These bottles are filled at central treatment facilities and distributed by private water companies. Similar bottled water markets are found in countries around the world. Commercially available bottled water offers an alternative source of drinking water in locations where piped ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biosensors - Using DNA as a biosensor to detect contaminants in water

    Biosensor - Using DNA to detect water contamination.   ...


    By ANDalyze

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