water control Articles

  • Water Use in the Mining Industry

    Freshwater resources are protected as industry begins to put emphasis on sustainability The mining industry has a great impact on water resources, both depleting water supplies with high usage and polluting them with discharges or seepage from tailings or waste rock impoundments. ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Control water – control mold

    There is no single universal way to eliminate all mold growth.  But the single most effective method of controlling mold is to eliminate their source of moisture.  Moisture doesn’t just mean actual water; it can also be high humidity.  Few molds grow when the humidity is under 70%.  If they do, it is very ...

  • Control water – control mold

    There is no single universal way to eliminate all mold growth. But the single most effective method of controlling mold is to eliminate their source of moisture. Moisture doesn’t just mean actual water; it can also be high humidity. Few molds grow when the humidity is under 70%. If they do, it is very slowly. It is safe to say that you cannot stop mold growth until you stop the moisture. ...

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Reducing NOx in Diesel Emissions | Spectroscopy Solutions

    Air pollution and NOx emissions from diesel engines are a global concern due to their potential impacts on human health. Researchers worldwide are developing new and improved methods to reduce NOx emissions. Infrared spectroscopy in the gas phase, which is made possible using FTIR gas cells from Specac, has an important role to play in this ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Monitoring of Hydrogen Sulfide in Industrial Processes

    Hydrogen sulfide, H2S, is a very poisonous, corrosive, and flammable gas. As such, it needs to be carefully monitored and controlled in industrial processes where it is generated or used. At relatively low concentrations, it has an odour of rotten eggs which effectively works as a warning, but at higher concentrations where it becomes acutely toxic and even lethal, it can no longer be smelled ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser AG

  • Drinking water quality control: control charts for turbidity and pH

    Water treatment processes are required to be in statistical control and capable of meeting drinking water specifications. Control charts are used to monitor the stability of quality parameters by distinguishing the in-control and out-of-control states. The basic assumption in standard applications of control charts is that observed data from the process are independent and identically ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air/water cleaning for the control of particulate fouling

    Fouling of feed spacers in spiral wound membrane elements due to particulate fouling and biofouling is one of the main operational problems of nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membrane plants. Removal of particulate fouling from spiral wound membrane elements is investigated using frequent air/water cleaning (AWC). In a pilot setup two spiral wound elements were operated in parallel and were fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...

  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Algae Controlled in a US Drinking Water Reservoir

    A floating solar powered algae control system was installed in Emmitsburg (US) to control algae in a reservoir that provides drinking water to approximately 3,000 people. The MPC-Buoy system, installed in April 2017, succeeds in controlling algae, reducing chemical costs and water usage. The Challenge: Control Algae Problems The main objective of the project was to reduce ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Controlling condensation- controlling mold

    You know those water stains on the ceiling tiles in your office that you are certain are caused by a leaky roof. Of course, the maintenance man thinks your crazy, since your office is not on the top floor. He dutifully changes the ceiling tile and a month later the water stain is back but this time it has those little black circles that look like mold colonies. Sound familiar? There seems to be ...

  • Controlling condensation - controlling mold

    You know those water stains on the ceiling tiles in your office that you are certain are caused by a leaky roof.  Of course, the maintenance man thinks your crazy, since your office is not on the top floor.  He dutifully changes the ceiling tile and a month later the water stain is back but this time it has those little black circles that look like mold colonies. Sound familiar? There ...

  • A coupled model for water resources allocation regarding water quality control

    In this study, a fuzzy credibility constrained programming (FCCP) model is developed for water quantity and quality management with uncertainties in water quality parameters. The proposed method could reflect not only inexact uncertainties in the objective function, variables and parameters, but also fuzzy uncertainties in the right-hand side. Credibility levels which represent satisfaction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simultaneous corrosion control and water quality improvement in water distribution systems

    The effects of different dosages of sodium hexametaphosphate and sodium orthophosphate on corrosion inhibition and water quality in two model water distribution systems, and the corrosion inhibition mechanism on pipe walls were investigated. Results show that adding sodium hexametaphosphate and sodium orthophosphate can not only provide a remedy for the damaged cement coating surface, but ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control-design methodology for drinking-water treatment processes

    The performance of a drinking-water treatment plant is determined by the control of the plant. To design the appropriate control system, a control-design methodology of five design steps is proposed, which takes the treatment process characteristics into account. For each design step, the necessary actions are defined. Using the methodology for the pellet-softening treatment step, a new control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation for Operation and Control of Reject Water Treatment Processes

    The recycled nutrient load of the reject water streams from solids handling is considerable, and can amount to 15-25% of the influent nitrogen load. A number of sidestream biological processes have been developed for treating the ammonia component of the reject water before returning it to the liquid train. This paper describes a plant-wide model that includes the reactions important in ...

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