water cost Articles

  • Impacts of variable energy prices on the financial sustainability of water facilities: case from Ghana

    Water is conveyed to consumers through systems that generally rely heavily on energy. The dependence on energy is a major challenge to utility providers because of frequent variation in energy prices. This paper assesses the effect of energy price changes on the financial sustainability of water facilities. It further investigates the proportion of energy cost to total costs of water supply. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Basic principles for urban water value assessment and price setting towards its full cost recovery – pinpointing the role of the water losses

    This paper attempts to set the basic methodological framework for an integrated action plan (in terms of successive steps) to be developed that will guarantee the reliable calculation of the Full Water Cost (FWC), as defined by the WFD 2000/60/EC. Towards this goal, the crucial role of the water losses occurring in a water distribution system is demonstrated. This will help an effective and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lincoln centre - Case study

    THE SITUATION: RISING WATER COSTS & LACK OF VISIBILITY Lincoln Centre is one of Dallas, Texas’ premier office properties featuring a 32-acre, park- like landscape. Cushman & Wakefield, who manages the property, was faced with quickly rising water costs, which could have significantly increased their operating costs. What’s more, Texas was facing an historic drought, causing ...


    By Banyan Water, Inc.

  • Reaching economic leakage level through pressure management

    High non-revenue water (NRW) values as a percentage of system input volume form a serious problem that many water utilities worldwide have to confront nowadays. There are ways to mitigate the effect by adopting strategies with short- and long-term results. Water pressure management (PM) is one of the most efficient and effective NRW reduction strategies. To calculate pressure management of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Desalinated water production optimisation using a high temperature reactor in a cogeneration mode

    Production of desalinated water requires energy whether it is heat in evaporating processes or electricity for pumping at high pressure in reserve osmosis processes. In any of these processes, energy represents a substantial share of the final soft water cost, in the range of 50% for the MED process, the remaining part being the amortisation of the desalination unit and its maintenance and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Review and evaluation of desalination cost and costing methodologies

    Recently, desalination is becoming a viable alternative for supplying potable water due to new developments in desalination technologies. At present, the cost of desalinated water is about US$0.5/m³ by RO and US$ 1.0/m³ by thermal processes. But these costs are location dependent. Thus the selection of an appropriate desalination technology for any location needs a reliable and accurate costing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Water Phoenix: The Most Cost Effective Portable System for Treating Wastewater

    Active Water Sciences The Water Phoenix: The Most Cost Effective Portable System for Treating Wastewater. ...

  • Case Study - Water Resuse/Recycle

    A leading electronics company faced increasing water costs of both influent and effluent. They contracted Applied Water Solutions for a pilot study using some of the most advanced methods of water purification on effluent from a clean out of place (COP) system. The pilot provided proof of principle of the selected process to recycle some of the DI Water rinse, and justified a ROI of less than one ...

  • The role of nuclear desalination in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    In this study, the role of nuclear desalination in Saudi Arabia is investigated. A water demand forecast between the years 2000 and 2025 was established for the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia as part of the collected input data for the DEEP computer code. The DEEP computer code was run for several options of energy sources such as PWR (600 MWe), SPWR (160 MWth), PHWR (450 MWe), HR (200 MWth) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Understanding the True Cost of Water - Overcoming Barriers to Corporate Water Stewardship

    For companies pursuing corporate water stewardship strategies, a common barrier to action is the perceived low cost of water “at the tap.” Water reduction, reuse, and recycling projects often do not meet investment hurdle rates or compare positively to other investments. This also acts to limit community and watershed engagement actions outside of the fence line as well. Our water ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Understanding the True Cost of Water

    Overcoming Barriers to Corporate Water Stewardship For companies pursuing corporate water stewardship strategies, a common barrier to action is the perceived low cost of water “at the tap.” Water reduction, reuse, and recycling projects often do not meet investment hurdle rates or compare positively to other investments. This also acts to limit community and watershed engagement ...

  • The sustainable industrial water cycle - a review of the economics and approach

    Studies suggest that only 31% of Europe is thought to have a water supply that is either plentiful or sufficient to meet demands until 2015, and water stress indexes show a number of countries with traditionally wet climates such as Belgium and Bulgaria, under significant water stress. Therefore, there is both a desire and a need to reduce the consumption of water over much of Europe. For ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative energy sources for seawater desalination

    This paper deals with the role of nuclear energy for large-scale economic production of fresh potable water from seawater. It also deals with the environmental and sustainability aspects of different desalination processes using various energy sources. Water cost-reduction strategies in nuclear desalination plants are particularly discussed in the paper.Keywords: seawater desalination, nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Costing Improved Water Supply Systems for Low-income Communities - Water Supply Costing Processor Tool

    It was prepared in response to a need to find a robust method of cost analysis for improved access, both to safe drinking water and to adequate sanitation. The manual and software provide criteria and procedures that ensure the achievement of maximum community health benefits at the minimum cost of investing in improved water supply and sanitation technologies. To facilitate the application of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • University College Birmingham - Case Study

    University College Birmingham (UCB) is currently using a water filtration system from EcoPure Waters which is helping to meet their requirements for hospitality drinking water in a cost-effective, eco-friendly manner. The system is also helping to demonstrate the University’s sustainability to their guests, customers, staff and students. The College of Food at University College Birmingham ...


    By EcoPure Waters

  • World-Wide-Waste

    Also showing was a picture of Pripiat, the abandoned city near Chernobyl, that features in the recent Russian (recycling) detective story: “Wolves Eat Dogs” by Martin Cruz Smith, where “hot” cars and trucks are being cannibalized for cheap after-market spares (engine blocks) for East Europe. This year the USA Waste Expo setting in Las Vegas was an astounding location city for a waste expo, ...


    By Wastedge.com

  • Ashkelon Project - an award-winning, milestone plant for the desalination industry case study

    When completed, Ashkelon was by far the world’s largest and most advanced desalination plant. With a huge capacity of up to 330,000 m3/day and with extremely high efficiency levels, the Ashkelon plant achieved one of the world’s lowest ever prices for desalinated water. In 2010, due to the unmatched success of the plant, it was expanded by nearly 20% to 392,000 m3/day, providing ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • 21 or 22 good reasons to be a green business

    Increased Revenue • Client base Clients and prospective customers prefer to do business with companies with common values. Client retention will increase while the base of new clients will expand. Public and private sector purchasing practices will increasingly consider a company’s environmental policies in the selection process. • Reputation and public image Employees, executives, ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • The joint effect of water price changes and pressure management, at the economic annual real losses level, on the system input volume of a water distribution system

    This study attempts to examine the factors affecting the residential water demand level in the city of Kozani in Greece. Based on an 8-year (2005–12) detailed sample of residential water demand panel data, the values of the water price (WP) elasticity of residential demand are identified, and the influence of socio-economic and demographic factors and climate conditions on water-use levels ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The economic value of basin protection to improve the quality and reliability of potable water supply: the case of Loja, Ecuador

    The objective of this study was to estimate the economic value that people living in Loja, Ecuador, place on the protection of two basins when the protection is designed to improve both the quality and reliability of the water supply for human consumption by urban residents. Empirical results indicate that households have an average willingness to pay (WTP) of $5.80 per month to preserve the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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