water cost Articles

  • Why LIBS means lower cost of ownership

    Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometry (LIBS) and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) handheld analysers are both compact, easy-to-use and fast. Materials can be identified at the pull of a trigger. It’s that simple. Often, cost is a key factor in the decision making process, especially when it comes to thinking about overheads long-term. When both products are comparably priced and have a similar ...

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Kuriverter IK-110 application in industrial water preparation for a boiler system

    Download our case study about successful treatment with Kuriverter IK 110 for effective elimination of biofilms on RO membranes. Learn how we saved 28% in total operation costs using Kuriverter IK 110 in industrial water preparation for boiler system. Download CS126 here: https://www.kurita.eu/en/case-studies ...


    By Kurita

  • Seminar on Capillary Electrophoresis for the determination of inorganic cations and anions in Thailand demonstrates the benefits of CE method

    In the beginning of October, Lumex Instruments held the hands-on training on Capillary Electrophoresis (CE) in Thailand for our users and potential clients. This event was organized together with our distributor CE Combination and involved presentation of CE method and demonstration of Lumex Instruments ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Fuel preparation technology – the latest safety considerations

    The specifications for new fuel preparation technologies are becoming increasingly sophisticated, as industry innovation continues apace. But when it comes to investing in waste shredders that help manufacture cement fuels, which criteria should top the procurement wish-list in 2018? With more than 25 years’ experience in this sector, Peter Streinik, head of UNTHA’s waste shredding ...


    By UNTHA Shredding Technology

  • The Rising Cost of Water

    There's a common economic paradox about the price tag on drinking water and value. Our current economic climate places prices on things predicated on scarcity and value. Water pricing is now more widespread, with the dual goal of expanding supply and encouraging more responsible use. So long as water remained abundant, the cheapness of drinking water is not likely to change. However, the price of ...

  • Understanding the True Cost of Water

    Overcoming Barriers to Corporate Water Stewardship For companies pursuing corporate water stewardship strategies, a common barrier to action is the perceived low cost of water “at the tap.” Water reduction, reuse, and recycling projects often do not meet investment hurdle rates or compare positively to other investments. This also acts to limit community and watershed ...

  • Sinking Costs

    Today there is more pressure than ever for businesses to minimize costs and increase productivity. Companies are always looking for ways to reduce overall costs. Unfortunately, these efforts are often hampered when a company is faced with an environmental investigation. Regulatory agency requirements, such as determining the full horizontal and vertical extent of contamination in soil and/or ...


  • Decrease Operating Costs with Water Recycling

    Compliments to the growing competition from NAFTA, tighter environmental regulations, and increasing demand for higher quality finished products, the profits for Fresh Cut Food processors has decreased over the years. Profits canbe as low as a few cents per pound of finished product. Plant managers and engineers are scrambling to find methods of decreasing the processing operating costs and still ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Impact of water volume on operating cost

    Sustainable water management relies on the ability to control operating cost which relies in turn on a working knowledge of factors which can affect this ability. The impact of water volume on operating cost is investigated for water utilities using data from the International Benchmarking Network for Water and Sanitation Utilities (IBNET) online database. Econometric models are estimated for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review and evaluation of desalination cost and costing methodologies

    Recently, desalination is becoming a viable alternative for supplying potable water due to new developments in desalination technologies. At present, the cost of desalinated water is about US$0.5/m³ by RO and US$ 1.0/m³ by thermal processes. But these costs are location dependent. Thus the selection of an appropriate desalination technology for any location needs a reliable and accurate costing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On-site water treatment service cuts costs

    After more than two decades in the global oilpatch, Stuart Snydmiller thinks the future for his startup firm is in water, not petroleum. Or at least waste water.Tangent Environmental Technologies, owned with brother Jason and others, has taken existing technologies and put them together into a package that offers huge savings for drilling firms and any industrial operation that needs to process, ...


  • Low cost processes for the removal of phosphates in water and wastewater

    This paper presents a synopsis of various low-cost techniques employed for the removal of phosphates from water and treated wastewater. Techniques employed include seawater flocculation and coagulation/flocculation using bittern, adsorption on fluidised raw dolomite bed, and filtration through iron and aluminium coated filter media. Seawater flocculation at a seawater concentration of 10% ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cost-Effective Control of Interdependent Water Pollutants

    Abstract  Excess nutrient loads to coastal waters lead to increased production of algae, which when decaying cause oxygen depletion in bottom sediments, which in turn leads to major changes in marine ecosystems. A cost-minimization model was investigated in which nitrogen and phosphorus were assumed to interact with respect to algae production. It was investigated under what conditions only ...


  • Cost–benefit and water resources policy: a survey

    This paper reviews recent developments in cost–benefit analysis for water policy researchers who wish to understand the applications of economic principles to inform emerging water policy debates. The cost–benefit framework can provide a comparison of total economic gains and losses resulting from a proposed water policy. Cost–benefit analysis can provide decision-makers with a comparison of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water: the natural choice - better comfort, lower cost

    Hydronic systems deliver safe, more responsive indoor comfort, especially with multiple zones. They provide the most efficient method of dehumidifying in humid climates. Chilled water does the job. There are several ways to move BTUs around a building. Choosing water delivers superior comfort without the use and expense of man-made refrigerants. Water is the greenest, safest way to heat and ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Nanofiltration technology in water treatment and reuse: applications and costs

    Nanofiltration (NF) is a relatively recent development in membrane technology with characteristics that fall between ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis (RO). While RO membranes dominate the seawater desalination industry, NF is employed in a variety of water and wastewater treatment and industrial applications for the selective removal of ions and organic substances, as well as certain niche ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimated Costs to Utilities for Issuing A Boil Water Advisory

    The United States Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) has stringent standards in place to ensure the safe distribution of water. However, water quality problems (e.g. water main breaks, elevated turbidity, microbiological non-compliance, etc.) can result in these standards not being met. The consequence of this is often a boil water advisory to inform the public that the water is unsafe to drink. ...

  • Cost effectiveness of centralised and decentralised storm water treatment

    As part of a research & development project commissioned by the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia's Ministry for the Environment and Nature Conservation, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (MUNLV) an examination is being carried out of the general possibilities for centralised and decentralised treatment storm water runoff to be discharged into (canalised) receiving waters and the costs ensuing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of cost recovery through water pricing

    Setting the scene The environmental resources situation is shaped by changes in climatic conditions, coupled with pressures exerted by a rapidly growing global population, its increasing demands and the subsequent impacts on the environment. Current practices across the economy sectors are still not sufficiently ambitious in terms of sustainability; they fail to ameliorate the stress ...

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