water current Articles

  • Gas Hydrate Breakdown Unlikely to Cause Massive Greenhouse Gas Release

    The breakdown of methane hydrates due to warming climate is unlikely to lead to massive amounts of methane being released to the atmosphere, according to a recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Rochester. Methane hydrate, which is also referred to as ...

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • From Drought To Flooding: California Struggles With Turnaround

    In a drastic about-face, California has gone from historically desperate drought conditions to an inundation of water that has brought its own set of problems.  In one indicator of the dramatic difference, snowpack on the Sierra mountains recently measured 135 percent of its seasonal average. “We haven’t seen an event of this magnitude in at least a decade,” Mike ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Closer Look at the Capacity of SLA Batteries and Solar Energy Systems

    Sealed lead acid (SLA) batteries have a reputation for being durable when used to support portable electronic devices. They require minimal maintenance and offer leak-proof capabilities. But when used with solar energy systems, the units present issues that can hinder the potential and performance of the machines. For example, general purpose SLA batteries should not be deep cycled, as ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • Changing the Rules with Mass Detection

    How simplified detectors can provide mass data for every analytical run and speed up method development With access to multiple mass spectrometry systems of varying degrees of sophistication, Davy Guillarme (University of Geneva, Switzerland) wasn’t actively looking for new mass detection solutions. Nevertheless, the Waters ACQUITY QDa mass detector caught his eye. Why? Because it opens a ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • How to achieve triple bottom line sustainability benefits on airport runway projects

    CH2M delivers best-in-class sustainable approaches for airport clients worldwide by constantly seeking opportunities to apply sustainable development and design concepts. From planning through plowing, CH2M is leading the development of the most sustainable runway projects in the U.S. Through our life-cycle approach, airport clients have experienced significant benefits such as ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Current Trends in Modelling Water Distribution Systems

    Untitled Document Hydraulic Modelling is emerging from the infrastructure planning offices of our water utilities, where it continues to play a vital role in optimising capital investment projects, to take a ...


    By Innovyze

  • European waters - current status and future challenges - a synthesis

    The Europe 2020 strategy is the European Union's strategy for economic growth in Europe over the next decade. This strategy envisages the development of a 'greener', more environmentally friendly economy in Europe. Sustainable water management is a critical element of this green economy because healthy and resilient ecosystems provide the services needed to sustain human well‑being and our ...

  • Assessment of current and emerging practice in corporate water reporting

    Recognizing the urgency with respect to addressing the emerging global water crisis, the UN Secretary-General, in partnership with a number of international business leaders, launched in July 2007 a new initiative – The CEO Water Mandate – under the auspices of the UN Global Compact. The initiative was developed with the understanding that the private sector, through the production of goods and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Current and Future Wastewater Reuse in Texas

    ABSTRACTThe reuse of treated wastewater effluent has served as a source of water supply in Texas for decades. While this has often occurred without detailed planning, the formal, planned reuse of treated wastewater effluent is increasing rapidly in the state, especially in the area around the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. To plan for the increased water demand, Texas has been divided into 16 ...

  • Advances and current changes in cellular telemetry

    Recent advances in cellular technology are offering more efficient and reliable wireless transmission of data between remote locations and the central collection points.Wireless telephone technology has been around in various forms since the 1940’s. Stevens was the first company to introduce telephone telemetry technology for remote water monitoring with the Telemark in 1939. In 1969, Bell ...

  • HCL System Exceeds Current Regulations

    Chemron manufactures high-quality specialty chemicals and surfactants for personal care products, industrial, institutional, oil field, mining, coatings, lubricants and water treatment. Some of the operations result in the creation of hydrochloric acid with high variable rates. As expressed by Bill Frost, of Chemron: “Chemronmaintains a strong environmental commitment, which views regulations as ...


  • Prediction of water and wastewater networks rehabilitation based current age and material distribution

    Ageing drinking water, stormwater and sewer pipe networks imply an increased degree of rehabilitation. The need for rehabilitation can be predicted using lifetime distribution functions together with current network age and material distribution. In Sweden, current age and material distribution is neither documented on a national level, nor for many water utilities on a local level. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of alternating and direct current in an electrocoagulation process on the removal of cadmium from water

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of AC and DC on the removal of cadmium from water using iron as anode and cathode. The various operating parameters on the removal efficiency of cadmium were investigated. The results showed that the optimum removal efficiency of 98.1 and 97.3% with the energy consumption of 0.734 and 1.413 kWh/kL was achieved at a current density of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water infrastructure security against the current terror threat in the United States

    On May 2, 2011, the United States (U.S.) President Barack Obama announced that the U.S. forces killed Osama Bin Laden, the world's most dangerous terrorist leader that killed approximately 3000 Americans on September 11, 2011 (9/11) terror attacks.  Currently, the U.S. intelligence is in possession of valuable materials of Al Qaeda operations (Thomas, 2011).  Terrorist attack plots ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of the current knowledge gaps in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive

    The general objective of the REBECCA project1 is to provide relevant scientific support for the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The two specific aims of the project are, firstly, to establish links between ecological status of surface waters and physico-chemical quality elements and pressures from different sources, and, secondly, to develop and validate tools that member ...


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