water disinfection Articles

  • What methods of disinfecting water are there?

    The aim behind disinfecting water is to make it safe to drink. As the water experts, NW Solutions will look at some of the different methods to disinfect water and their advantages and disadvantages. To be considered for this list, the disinfectant must: Destroy all types of pathogens, regardless of volume, present in the water Not make the water toxic or render it ...


    By NW Solutions

  • UV technology - unique in water disinfection

    Due to its undisputable Success &  Efficiency in destroying Cryptosporidium and Combined Chlorine, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommend installing UV Systems It has taken many years of testing to convince the pool market that the most reliable and best available option for treating and disinfecting water is through using Ultraviolet (UV) technology. UV systems ...


    By ESCO International (EI)

  • Sequential chlorination for reclaimed water disinfection

    ABSTRACT The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) operate seven tertiary water reclamation plants (WRPs) with a combined treatment capacity of approximately 200 million gallons per day (MGD). Chloramination is used at these WRPs for effluent disinfection. It was recently discovered that chloramination results in formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a compound with ...

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection by-product occurrence in selected European waters

    In this paper we report the findings of a European survey of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking waters in selected regions that were part of epidemiology studies. The levels of DBPs found reflected the diverse regions from which the samples were collected, the different treatment/disinfection processes and the different source waters. In addition to a wide range ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An antimicrobial polycationic sand filter for water disinfection

    A new sand filtration water disinfection technology is developed which relies on the antimicrobial properties of hydrophobic polycations (N-hexylated polyethylenimine) covalently attached to the sand's surface. The efficacy of the filter disinfection process was evaluated both with water spiked with E. coli and with real aqueous effluent from a wastewater treatment plant. For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biocidal Poly(styrenehydantoin) beads for disinfection of water

    Introduction Work in these laboratories since 1980 has focused on the development of novel biocidal N-halamine derivatives. 1 Water-soluble cyclic N-halamine derivatives such as 1,3-dihalo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin and halogenated isocyanurates (e.g., Trichlor and Dichlor) have been employed as biocides for industrial and recreational water uses for many years, but the water-soluble ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Effectiveness and Kinetics of Ferrate as a Disinfectant for Ballast Water

    The objective of the study was to determine whether ferrate could meet the international standards for successful ballast water treatment, including final concentrations of less than 1 CFU/ml of Enterococci, less than 2.5 CFUs/ml of Escherichia coli, and less than 1 CFU/100 mls of Vibrio cholerae. Pure cultures of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and V. cholerae, and a mixed culture of ...

  • Emerging Trends In UV Disinfection For Water Treatment

    Introduction The UV disinfection industry has experienced tremendous growth over the last 20 years.  The development of new UV technologies over this period has been a perfect example of an industry investing to meet market demand – in this case demand for an effective, low cost, and environmentally friendly disinfection technology.  The acceptance of UV disinfection at water plants ...

  • A comparison of disinfection performance and cost for various process combinations to disinfect reclaimed water

    For reclaimed water disinfection, pathogen reduction to acceptable public health risk levels is the primary objective. A second emerging objective is the ability to destroy trace pollutants (endocrine disrupters (EDCs), pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs)) at a reasonably low cost. The WateReuse Foundation’s Innovative Reclaimed Water Treatment Project (WRF 02-009) is searching for ...

  • J555 gasless disinfection

    Detailed design, works manufacture and site installation of Sodium Hypochlorite dosing systems for conversion of 6 sites from Chlorine gas to liquid Sodium Hypochlorite Client: MWH Area: Hertfordshire WES Ltd were involved from early on in the project design stage in developing new Sodium Hypochlorite and Sodium Bisulphite dosing systems for Three Valleys ...


    By WES Ltd / Weschem Ltd

  • Health effects of disinfection by-products in Australian drinking waters

    The disinfection of drinking water has greatly diminished the occurrence of diseases known to be caused by water-borne pathogens, but technological advances subsequent to the initial discovery of chloroform in 1974 have enabled the identification of a plethora of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), particularly trihalomethanes (THMs), that may have injurious health effects on humans. DBPs are widely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by copper in water

    When households lack access to continuous piped water, water storage in the home creates opportunities for contamination. Storage in copper vessels has been shown to reduce microbes, but inactivation kinetics of enteric bacteria in water by copper alone needs to be understood. This work characterized inactivation kinetics of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treating Taste & Odor and Disinfecting Drinking Water with UV

    Cornwall is a city of nearly 60,000 people in Ontario, Canada. It is located on the St. Lawrence River, approximately 1,700 km from the Atlantic Ocean and 2,000 km from Lake Ontario. The city draws its drinking water from the St. Lawrence, a reliable and generally good-quality source. However, in the late summer and early fall, dying algae from algae blooms during the warmest months often ...

  • Chemistry of Chlorine Application and Production for the Disinfection of Water and Wastewater

     ABSTRACT A thorough understanding of chlorine and sodium hypochlorite chemistry is essential in optimizing their usage in disinfection of water and wastewater. High price of both chemicals and hazards involved in their transportation to plant sites have prompted many utilities to consider generation of these chemical on-site. A detailed discussion of the critical engineering concepts ...

  • Electrochemically activated water as an alternative to chlorine for decentralized disinfection

    Electrochemically activated (ECA) water is being extensively studied and considered as an alternative to chlorine for disinfection. Some researchers claim that ECA is by and large a chlorine solution, while others claim the presence of reactive oxygen species such as ozone and hydroxyl radicals in addition to chlorine. This study compares sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ECA in terms of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sorbents with biocidal properties for disinfection of water for various purposes

    Conventional methods for water disinfection, especially chlorination, have a lot of disadvantages and should be perfected or substituted with safer and more efficient methods. One of the possible solutions to this problem is the application of sorbents with high disinfection efficacy. In this study, the opportunity of producing sorbents with biocidal properties based on non-oxidizing biocides ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reference: Potable water disinfection in Luxembourg nature reserve

    The Obersauer Nature Reserve in the Luxembourg Ardennes is a natural paradise of valleys, wet meadows and forests. In the heart of the reserve is the Esch-sur-Sûre reservoir, which provides water for around 80% of the country's population. Clean potable water for Luxembourg The 3.8 km² reservoir above the community of Esch-sur-Sûre was built in the 1950s in response ...

  • Development and evaluation of a small scale water disinfection system

    Provision of microbiologically safe drinking water for people living in the rural areas of developing countries remains a major challenge to date. A simple gravity-driven membrane point of use system was developed based on woven fabric microfiltration (WFMF) membranes. The WFMF is a loose type of membrane (0.45 μm). However, complete disinfection is not achieved with the WFMF, hence it was ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you