water disinfection product Articles

  • Alternative water supply and treatment solutions in Durban (SA)

    As a result of persistent drought conditions in South Africa a customer (an international consumer goods producer with a production facility in Durban) experiences the pressure of limited availability of water. The ever dropping dam levels currently result in higher risk for intermittent water supply resulting in unplanned and forced production stops in case no water is available. Aquest Colsen ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • Chemistry of Chlorine Application and Production for the Disinfection of Water and Wastewater

     ABSTRACT A thorough understanding of chlorine and sodium hypochlorite chemistry is essential in optimizing their usage in disinfection of water and wastewater. High price of both chemicals and hazards involved in their transportation to plant sites have prompted many utilities to consider generation of these chemical on-site. A detailed discussion of the critical engineering concepts ...

  • Effects of tap water processing on the concentration of disinfection by-products

    Aim: This study examined the effects on disinfection by-product (DBP) concentrations of common household methods for processing drinking water.Methods: We investigated the effects of refrigerator storage, jug filtering, boiling in an electric kettle, and supply from an instant boiling water unit, with or without filtering, on four species of trihalomethanes (THMs) and nine species of haloacetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Health effects of disinfection by-products in Australian drinking waters

    The disinfection of drinking water has greatly diminished the occurrence of diseases known to be caused by water-borne pathogens, but technological advances subsequent to the initial discovery of chloroform in 1974 have enabled the identification of a plethora of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), particularly trihalomethanes (THMs), that may have injurious health effects on humans. DBPs are widely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Disinfection by-product occurrence in selected European waters

    In this paper we report the findings of a European survey of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking waters in selected regions that were part of epidemiology studies. The levels of DBPs found reflected the diverse regions from which the samples were collected, the different treatment/disinfection processes and the different source waters. In addition to a wide range ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection By-Products (DBP) Precursor Monitoring

    Chlorine has long been used as a primary disinfection method for many water and wastewater treatment applications. However, there is growing concern about the harmful DBP’s produced by the use of chlorine. DBP’s, such as triahalomethanes (THMs), can occur when the natural organic matter (NOM) that is present in the water is combined with chlorine. More specifically, the portion of ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Eutrophication linked to disinfection - by products problem in drinking water production

    Eutrophication is one of those big problems that cause water quality degradation. Presence of cyanobacterial toxins and climate change impacts would degrade water quality towards the worst. In regard to the mentioned problems, disinfection-by products strongly act as a consequence of drinking water production. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Simple Method to Reduce Disinfection By-product Formation

    The formation of disinfection byproducts (DBP) during drinking water production has long been of concern toauthorities and consumers alike. Although most disinfectants form unwanted DBPs there is particular concern withchlorine disinfection as a variety of chlorinated compounds are formed with possible adverse health effects, includingtrihalomethanes (THMs). Strategies for controlling THM ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Monitoring of chlorination disinfection by-products and their associated health risks in drinking water of Pakistan

    This study reports the baseline data of chlorination disinfection by-products such as trihalomethanes (THMs) and their associated health risks in the water distribution network of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan. THM monitoring was carried out at 30 different sampling sites across the twin cities for 6 months. The average concentration of total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) and chloroform ranged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The removal of disinfection by-product precursors from water with ceramic membranes

    The main objective of this work was to investigate the effectiveness of ceramic ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with different pore sizes in removing natural organic matter (NOM) from model solutions and drinking water sources. A lab-scale, cross-flow ceramic membrane test unit was used in all experiments. Two different single-channel tubular ceramic membrane modules were tested with average pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of disinfection by products formation potential by enhanced coagulation

    Abstract Jar-test experiments were conducted to study enhanced coagulation effectiveness in removal of disinfection by products (DBPs) from Zayandehrud River at Isfahan Province-the center part of Iran- in 2004. In this study, the removal of suspended and colloidal particles and natural organic matter (NOM) at various coagulant doses and coagulation pHs was assessed through raw and treated ...

  • Developmental effects and genotoxicity of 10 water disinfection by-products in zebrafish

    Disinfection by-products are contaminants produced during drinking water disinfection. Several DBPs have been implicated in a variety of toxic effects, mainly carcinogenic and genotoxic effects. Moreover, DBPs exposure has also been associated with an increased risk of developmental effects. In this study, the developmental toxicity and genotoxicity of 10 DBPs (four trihalomethanes [THMs], five ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection by-products in drinking water – a case study on Calgary, Alberta, Canada

    Disinfection by-products (DBPs) have been monitored in Calgary's drinking water for approximately 15 years. The variability of the DBPs has typically exhibited similar patterns over the period of monitoring. Due to the nature of the surface waters supplying the water treatment plants, the level of DBPs was largely influenced by surface runoff events where the level of natural organic matter (NOM) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sorbents with biocidal properties for disinfection of water for various purposes

    Conventional methods for water disinfection, especially chlorination, have a lot of disadvantages and should be perfected or substituted with safer and more efficient methods. One of the possible solutions to this problem is the application of sorbents with high disinfection efficacy. In this study, the opportunity of producing sorbents with biocidal properties based on non-oxidizing biocides ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An antimicrobial polycationic sand filter for water disinfection

    A new sand filtration water disinfection technology is developed which relies on the antimicrobial properties of hydrophobic polycations (N-hexylated polyethylenimine) covalently attached to the sand's surface. The efficacy of the filter disinfection process was evaluated both with water spiked with E. coli and with real aqueous effluent from a wastewater treatment plant. For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biocidal Poly(styrenehydantoin) beads for disinfection of water

    Introduction Work in these laboratories since 1980 has focused on the development of novel biocidal N-halamine derivatives. 1 Water-soluble cyclic N-halamine derivatives such as 1,3-dihalo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin and halogenated isocyanurates (e.g., Trichlor and Dichlor) have been employed as biocides for industrial and recreational water uses for many years, but the water-soluble ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Electrochemically activated water as an alternative to chlorine for decentralized disinfection

    Electrochemically activated (ECA) water is being extensively studied and considered as an alternative to chlorine for disinfection. Some researchers claim that ECA is by and large a chlorine solution, while others claim the presence of reactive oxygen species such as ozone and hydroxyl radicals in addition to chlorine. This study compares sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ECA in terms of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility assessment of surface water disinfection by ultrafiltration

    Ultrafiltration (UF) has been presented as an alternative to chemical disinfection to obtain safe drinking water, for its ability to remove microbiological contamination. Hollow-fiber UF membranes are designed as an effective barrier to microorganisms, for their high manufacturing integrity and for the ‘potting’ method adopted to seal fibers to the feeding/extraction manifold. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emerging Trends In UV Disinfection For Water Treatment

    Introduction The UV disinfection industry has experienced tremendous growth over the last 20 years.  The development of new UV technologies over this period has been a perfect example of an industry investing to meet market demand – in this case demand for an effective, low cost, and environmentally friendly disinfection technology.  The acceptance of UV disinfection at water plants ...

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