water distribution plant Articles

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Building Energy Modeling 101: HVAC Design and Operation Use Case

    A great deal of energy use in buildings goes toward heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC). In 2015, HVAC consumed 15.5 quads. The first step in reducing HVAC energy use is reducing heating and cooling load—i.e., the amount of heat that needs to be added to or removed from a building—typically by reducing heat from equipment and lighting; minimizing unnecessary ...


    By US Department of Energy

  • Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in coke plant wastewater

    The subject of examinations presented in this paper is the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) between solid and liquid phases in samples of raw wastewater and wastewater after treatment. The content of 16 PAHs according to the US EPA was determined in the samples of coke plant wastewater from the Zdzieszowice Coke Plant, Poland. The samples contained raw wastewater, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chlorate formation in water distribution systems: a modeling study

    Chlorine-based disinfection agents are known to favor the production of disinfection by-products (DBPs), whose concentrations are restricted by international guidelines to ensure a safe consumption of drinking water. Hence, it is important to understand the behavior of DBPs within water distribution networks (WDNs) to avoid users' exposure to concentrations higher than guideline values. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Project Renew: A Regional Approach to the Distribution of Reclaimed Water

    ABSTRACTThe Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) has been granted a 20-year permit to use the Floridan aquifer as a source of potable water. In addition to providing for the continued use of groundwater, the permit also requires that OUC make use of alternative water supplies. One of the most innovative of the alternative water supply projects is referred to as project RENEW. The OUC Consumptive ...

  • Investigation of introducing water from an artificial recharge plant to an existing groundwater distribution system

    ABSTRACTThe consequences of mixing water from the Arrenaes Artificial Recharge (AR) trial plant with groundwater from existing well fields have been investigated. The potential problems of interest are bacterial regrowth, precipitation of iron, and corrosion in the raw water distribution system. The AR trial plant is located on the Arrenaes peninsula on Zealand, Denmark. A large-scale production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Developing Decentralised Distributed Generation in Africa

    Many countries in the developed world created power generation networks based upon large centralised power generation stations with significant investment in power transmission and distribution networks. From the African context this has not happened yet there is a huge need to increase power generation capacity. The thought of addressing this through a small number of large gas, ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Water residence time in a distribution system and its impact on disinfectant residuals and trihalomethanes

    The most critical water quality conditions are generally found at a water distribution network's extremities, given their high residence times. As chlorine injected at the water treatment plant (WTP) or at rechlorination sites has more time to react, residual chlorine concentrations at the extremities may not be enough to prevent microbial regrowth. This study focuses on the relationships between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Safety of packaged water distribution limited by household recontamination in rural Cambodia

    Packaged water treatment schemes represent a growing model for providing safer water in low-income settings, yet post-distribution recontamination of treated water may limit this approach. This study evaluates drinking water quality and household water handling practices in a floating village in Tonlé Sap Lake, Cambodia, through a pilot cross-sectional study of 108 households, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of water supply sources in the Barcelona distribution system by UV spectrophotometry and PLS

    A new method for the water source apportionment of the Barcelona (Spain) water distribution system is proposed. The method is based on the combined use of UV spectrophotometric measurements in the wavelength from 190–230 nm, and multivariate data analysis using the Partial Least Squares (PLS) chemometric method. From the differences in the organic matter content of the different water sources and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for Forensic Investigation of Potable Water Quality in Municipal Distribution Systems

    Abstract During routine regulatory potable water quality sampling in distribution systems related to the Total Coliform Rule, utilities can sometimes experience anomalous detections of total coliform bacteria and/or fecal coliform bacteria in the distribution system samples. Frequently, the regulatory-required retesting of the same sample locations reveals no detection of bacteria, and thus ...

  • Research on minimizing electric power usage in water distribution system

    The purpose of this study is to propose the optimal water supply control and management plan for minimizing power usage by water distribution pumps. The key topic of this study is to determine from which treatment plants water should be supplied, and through which supply stations it should be distributed. This study devised an optimal model of the ‘route/flow decision problem’ for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • InfoWorks WS helps Charles Town plan its water distribution development

    Black & Veatch’s use of InfoWorks WS from Wallingford Software is helping the City of Charles Town to achieve greater efficiencies in its water distribution network. Charles Town, in West Virginia, USA, has adopted InfoWorks for the planning of both short-term and long-term strategies for the  distribution of water to its rapidly-growing population. The City’s original hydraulic model ...


    By Innovyze

  • Maximize Your Recycled Water Distribution through Technical Customer Service

    The Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), a municipal water district in southern California, provides high quality recycled water for landscape, agricultural, and industrial uses. Two industrial customers, an electrical power generating station and a textile dyeing company, required special efforts to address their recycled water quality needs. The electrical power generating station faced the ...

  • Nimr Water Treatment Plant Oman

    Introduction The Nimr water treatment plant (NWTP) project is located in the south of Muscat in Oman. The temperatures in the region can be as high as 60°C in the summer months, making it a harsh environment to work in. This water treatment project was co-executed by Bauer Environment and Petroleum Development Oman (PDO). The plant came online in late 2010 and has been treating ...


    By BAUER Resources GmbH

  • Soluble element distributions in a Mojave desert soil

    The distribution of chemical species in desert soils is a complex function of atmospheric inputs, rock weathering, chemical equilibria, soil leaching, and plant cycling. In this study of the surface 1 m of desert soils at the Nevada Test Site, we examined the distribution of soluble soil elements beneath plant canopies and in intershrub zones. We extracted water-soluble chemical species using ...

  • P distribution in different sediment fraction of a constructed wetland

    The aim of this work was to study the accumulation and fractionation of P in the inlet and outlet sediment of a constructed wetland for the wastewater treatment of a metallurgic plant in Argentina. It was important to predict whether P could be released into the water again by changing environmental conditions or retained over time. P-fractionation was performed using a sequential extraction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and identification of a multi-species water quality model for reclaimed water distribution systems

    With the rapid development of a centralized wastewater reuse scheme in China, water quality concerns arise considering the long-distance transport of reclaimed water in distribution systems from wastewater treatment plants to points of use. To this end, a multi-species water quality model for reclaimed water distribution systems (RWDSs) was developed and validated against the data from part of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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