water element analysis Articles

  • Spectro Scientific`s Third Edition Of The Oil Analysis Handbook

    It has been over two years since the publication of the first edition of Spectro Scientific’s In-Service Oil Analysis Handbook. Our goal was to compile a comprehensive reference book of common in-service oil analysis techniques to help readers understand and choose the right technique and instrumentation for their needs. In-service oil analysis for condition based maintenance covers a wide ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • ICP Analysis of Multiple Elements in Drinking Water

    The amount of water typically consumed by an adult is said to be about two liters per day, and nearly all of this is tap water or mineral water, generally referred to as "drinking water." Conducting safety inspections are the responsibility of each country according to their respective regulations. Typically, there are many target elements included in the test, such as sodium (Na), calcium ...

  • Content Analysis of Toxic Elements in Soil by Simultaneous ICP

    Contaminated soil not only leads to contamination of untreated drinking water through permeation into river water and rainwater, it adversely affects health when the soil itself is directly ingested as a child puts the ground into a stoma into a play etc. Therefore, assessment of soil toxicity using a defined method is required. I In Japan, the Soil ...

  • Caltech working to solve the world`s energy problems with the help of inVia

    Fossil fuels are the world's main fuel source for transportation, heating and generating electricity. As a by-product, high levels of CO2 are released into the atmosphere. With the drive for sustainable energy production, a method that generates easily-stored fuel from sunlight—and absorbs CO2—is a very attractive proposition. The California Institute of Technology ...


    By Renishaw plc

  • Determination of Trace Elements in Lead for Battery Applications using Atomic Absorption Analysis

    Sample and Standard Preparation procedures for Trace Elements in Lead [1] Preparation of Lead (Pb) Samples: Drill Pb metal to make small pieces. Weigh 2.0 grams of these pieces on a balance. Place the sample in a 400ml Pyrex breaker and add 10ml H2O, 2.5 grams of tartaric acid and 7ml HNO3. Warm on a hot-plate until the sample dissolves. Dilute to 100ml in a volumetric flask with water (H2O). ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Analysis of Trace Elements in Water by EPA Method 200.8 using ICP Mass Spectrometry

    This application note describes the methodology and use of the Shimadzu ICPMS-2030 ICP mass spectrometer for the analysis of trace elements in drinking and fresh waters following the EPA 200.8 method. This method is also used for analysis of wastewater. In-line addition of internal standards to calibration and unknown samples was accomplished using the Shimadzu Internal Standard Addition ...

  • Atmospheric chemical element pollution in an urban water-associated environment

    Nowadays, sustainability has become a complicated issue mainly in urban centres. Owing to the atmospheric emissions, the incorporation of toxic chemical elements is still not well known for urban water-associated ecosystems. Tillandsia bromeliads were employed as passive biomonitors of air pollution. Otherwise, the tank bromeliad Canistropsis billbergioides, native to the Atlantic Forest, was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of micro and macro elements in waters with the ELAN DRC-e

    The ability of reaction cell technology to reduce the effects of spectral interferences is well-known, but another, lesser-known capability also exists: extending the dynamic range. This is accomplished by adjusting the bandpass parameters with no gas in the cell. Because the bandpass parameters can be adjusted on a per-mass basis, sensitivity can be reduced on selected isotopes without affecting ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Element patterns for particulate matter in stormwater effluent

    Particulate matter in stormwater deteriorates the quality of receiving water and sediment. Characterization of stormwater particulate matter by means of its particle-associated element pattern provides an aid to determining its impact on receiving surface waters. During a 6 month measurement campaign, we determined particle-associated concentrations of major pollutants and rare earths for three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114

    Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) can play a vital role in this industry by giving accurate analytical results in a short time.  ASTM C-114 is the test method used for the analysis of hydraulic cements. .  The overview of Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114 will be described in this ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Element profiles in hair and nails of children reflect the uptake from food and the environment

    The present study evaluated if the element profiles in hair and nails of children from the Lake Victoria region in Kenya reflect uptake from food and the environment. To this purpose, the element concentrations in hair and nails were related to element concentrations measured in food items, water, and soil. The highest intake of most elements occurred via ingestion of the fish Rastrineobola ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Economic Analysis of Environmental Externalities

    ' Economic analysis of pollution prevention and abatement measures requires estimating the potential benefits from controlling pollution as well as the better-known costs of new equipment or processes. This note discusses the economic analysis of environmental externalities, using a wide range of valuation techniques.' Industrial activities often produce various pollutants; these include air and ...


    By The World Bank

  • Analysis of the current knowledge gaps in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive

    The general objective of the REBECCA project1 is to provide relevant scientific support for the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The two specific aims of the project are, firstly, to establish links between ecological status of surface waters and physico-chemical quality elements and pressures from different sources, and, secondly, to develop and validate tools that member ...


  • Analysis of variation and relation of climate, hydrology and water quality in the lower Mekong River

    In order to determine the influence of climate and hydrology on water quality of the lower Mekong River, the long term monitoring data (from 1985 to 2004) of climatic, hydrological and water quality variables were analyzed. In general, water quality was ‘good’ or ‘very good’ for most of the investigated water quality parameters including DO, pH, conductivity, nitrate, phosphate and total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decision Analysis Applications for the Sustainability of Global Urban Water Resources and Drainage Systems

    ABSTRACTWater is one of the most vital elements needed for life. In many countries water supplies, especially for critical drinking water, are either being depleted or polluted. Too often these problems are magnified due to the lack of reliable drainage systems that provide proper stormwater and sanitary sewage collection and treatment of human generated wastewater. ...

  • Analysis of impurities in ultrapure water by dynamic reaction cell ICP-MS

    Ultrapure Water (UPW) is used for the cleaning of instruments and containers in trace analysis and for dilution of samples. The analysis of impurities in UPW requires increasingly lower levels of detection and higher instrument productivity. SEMI Standard F63-03091 specifies a maximum contamination for metals of 0.02-0.1 ppb for each element for ultrapure water used in semiconductor processing. ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Seawater feed reverse osmosis preheating appraisal, Part I: leading element performance

    This paper is concerned with the seawater reverse osmosis preheating process, and presents a parametric study of the process. The basic transport equations describing the leading element are exhibited and appraised. The leading element, which governs the whole system performance, is studied and analysed. The incorporated and investigated operating parameters are the feed pressure and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of toxic elements from aqueous solution using bentonite modified with l-histidine

    This study proposes the use of bentonite modified with l-histidine for the removal of Cu, Co, Cr, Fe, Hg, Ni, U and Zn from aqueous solutions such as those impacted by acidic drainage. The surface areas of natural bentonite and bentonite–histidine were 73.8 and 61.2 m2 g−1, respectively. Elemental analysis showed an increase in the amount of carbon (0.258%) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leakage discharge separation from the total water supply flow in water distribution system by constrained independent component analysis (CICA)

    The blind source separation theory was introduced and the trend and amplitude (TAA) model was established in order to overcome the shortcomings of some traditional global leakage discharge analysis models in water distribution systems (WDS). The TAA model considers the leakage discharge as one part of the total water supply flow, consisting of constrained independent component analysis (CICA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

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