water filtration Articles

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Membrane biofouling mitigation through applying electric potential in the CF016 cell

    Membrane filtration is an effective way to remove pollutants and microorganisms from water and wastewater. However, membrane fouling lowers efficiency over time when considering rejection values and water flux.  Fouling is typically biological or particulate; fouling rate is a function of the membrane pore size relative to the size of the foulants and also the interactions between the ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • The Filtration Spectrum

    Reverse Osmosis. Microfiltration. Distillation. Deionization. With so many types of filtration and purification systems on the market today it is difficult to determine which type of technology is best for your needs. The filtration of liquids is performed at many levels. To understand how to maximize your filtration needs, one needs to consider the size range of the particles. Once this is ...

  • Membrane filtration

    Membrane is a thin layer of material that is capable of separating compounds as a function of physical and chemical properties when a driving force is applied across the membrane, which has been widely used in a wide range of applications in water industry [1]. Membrane can be classified by the range of compounds separated and the driving forces employed. For example, microfiltration (MF), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Peristaltic pumps for moving filtration water

    The Eversburg sewage treatment plant is designed to serve 250,000 population equivalents and is one of three plants operated by the city of Osnabrück in northern Germany. But in 2005, its actual load was closer to 309,000 population equivalents (COD 80 mg/l), pushing the nitrogen input level above the plant's capabilities. To deal with this situation, engineer Peter Sikora organized a team ...


    By ALLWEILER GmbH

  • TEP-a major challenge for water filtration

    The latest information about the role of TEP (Transparent exoploymer particles) and their role in biofilm formation in desalination and water treatment plants. Explains why filtration or other means of lowering the levels of TEP in source water are desireable but will not be easy to ...

  • Different Biological Water Filtration Systems

    Do you know what’s in your water? Most people don’t. It’s recommended that you drink at least a half-gallon of water each day. If it’s not purified or filtered, that water could be causing unseen damage to your body. Arsenic, salmonella, streptococcus, and influenza viruses could all be present in your tap water. There are many different forms of biological filtration that ...

  • A brief history of water filtration/sedimentation

    For millennia the search for ‘pure’ water has been pursued by humans. Criteria for purity have become more complex, more rigid, and more quantitative over time; however, the principles, methods, and material for purifying water have remained remarkably similar from the earliest recorded information of 2000 BC. The scope of this paper is to present a brief history of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City Water International explains The Basics of Water Filtration

    The Basics of Water Filtration Most of us know that filtered water is healthier than tap water because of its purity, but how does water filtration work? The basic principle is that filtered water has passed through a filter which removes contaminants through one of several methods, depending on the type of filter. Most water purification systems work in one of three ways ­ by running water ...


    By City Water International

  • Fabrication of catalytic ceramic membranes for water filtration

    The paper describes the use of the layer-by-layer technique to coat ceramic membranes with iron and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The coatings are thin ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Houshold Water Treatment in Developing Countries: Ceramic Filtration

    Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) interventions are proven to improve water quality and reduce diarrheal disease incidence in developing countries.  Five of these proven HWTS options – chlorination, solar disinfection, ceramic filtration, slow sand filtration, and flocculation/disinfection – are widely implemented in developing countries.  Organizations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of electropositive filtration for recovering norovirus in water

    The virus adsorption-elution (VIRADEL) technique has been widely used in the recovery of various enteric viruses in water, and an electropositive filter such as 1 MDS has been commonly applied. However, effective methods of monitoring waterborne norovirus (NoV) have not yet been well characterized and optimized. Hence, in this study, the VIRADEL technique was evaluated and optimized for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Water filtration media: Talking about a revolution?

    Developments in any field of endeavour are nearly always evolutionary, not revolutionary. It is normal to expect advances in manufacturing equipment, process control and chemical science to facilitate product improvements. In the field of liquid filtration there is frustration at the seemingly unbreakable linkage that exists between increasing pressure drop and lower flow rates as gains are made ...


    By Ahlstrom-Munksjö

  • Produced water filtration optimization case study

    Pentair Porous Media has worked with a major global oil & gas producer to optimize the performance of the filtration and separation at their United States mid-continent operations located in the Wind River Basin of Central Wyoming. Their operations cover more than 42,500 net acres in Wyoming. Net gas production averages greater than 100 MMSCFD from multiple formations ranging in depth from ...

  • Bypass filtration in open circulating cooling water systems

    An open circulating cooling system is a method to remove process heat and is applied frequently for industrial purposes. In these systems heat is removed by evaporation of water to the surpassing air in the cooling tower. However there are some environmental disadvantages such as addition of chemicals to prevent the cooling water system from microbial growth and corrosion. The application of ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Whitepaper: Chemical-physical Water Treatment, Filtration and Flocculation

    Introduction In water treatment plants chemical-physical processes play an essential part in the process chain. They are successfully employed in the pre- and post-treatment of waters of different origins, as well as of other process liquids. In this regard the removal of particles by filtration is a central step. Classical filtration processes are used for particles ranging from ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • BHP Billiton - cooling water treatment & solids filtration

    Client: BHP Billiton Douglas CETCO Oilfield Services was requested to supply a water treatment package to treat heavily contaminated water in-line. Consequently CETCO’s equipment had to operate at pressures of up to 15.5 bar and temperatures of 120°C. Following lab bench studies and a technical onsite evaluation, CETCO modified an existing RFV 3000 adsorption skid to carry out this unique closed ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • Water, Wastewater, and Filtration: World Markets Report

    Forecasts of the $183 billion market for water and wastewater treatment and filtration products and services including outsourcing. Also included are world forecasts for chemicals, cartridges, macro filtration, membranes, sedimentation, centrifugation, and ultrapure water ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Home water treatment by direct filtration with natural coagulant

    ABSTRACTSeeds of the plant species Strychnos potatorum and Moringa oleifera contain natural polyelectrolytes which can be used as coagulants to clarify turbid waters. In laboratory tests, direct filtration of a turbid surface water (turbidity 15-25 NTU, heterotrophic bacteria 280-500 cfu ml−1, and fecal coliforms 280-500 MPN 100 ml−1), with seeds of S. potatorum ...


    By IWA Publishing

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