water flow measurement Articles

  • Flow Rate Measurement in Full Pipes Using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...

  • How a contract research lab advanced its polymer characterization capabilities

    Realizing the Advantages of Ultra-High-Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography Compared to GPC Intertek is a global provider of quality and safety services designed to help businesses improve products, assets and processes, overcome market constraints and reduce risks. From auditing and inspection, to testing, training, and certification, Intertek enables customers to meet end ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices (Part 2)

    Understanding Dynamic Particle Equilibrium in Closed Loop Systems Dynamic Equilibrium Condition (DEC) is defined as a steady state condition where the normal wear rate in a machine results in no net gain or loss of particles. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Flow measurements in sewers based on image analysis: automatic flow velocity algorithm

    Discharges of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and stormwater are recognized as an important source of environmental contamination. However, the harsh sewer environment and particular hydraulic conditions during rain events reduce the reliability of traditional flow measurement probes. An in situ system for sewer water flow monitoring based on video images was evaluated. Algorithms to determine ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Online discharge measurement with horizontal doppler-flow sensor

    Background The regional authority responsible for the barrages in the Free State of Saxony is in charge of the water management of the Rötha. Reservoir. This reservoir is situated close to the river Pleiße, from which the water is led over a weir into the reservoir.. Knowledge about the inflows of the reservoir is important for the water management there. So far, the ...

  • Open Channel Flow - The use of Level sensors for open channel flow measurement

    Open Channel Flow - The use of Level sensors for open channel flow measurement Level sensors from SolidAT are implemented in Open Channel Flow applications. In these types of applications, the level sensor is installed above a special water flow structure and accurately measures level of flowing water or wastewater. The sensor then calculates flow through the structure ...

  • Intro to Hydropower Part:2 Measuring head & flow

    Measuring the stream course—Anna and Joe work downstream, shooting vertical drop (head) with a sight level, and getting a rough measurement of the pipe run at the same time. Small-scale hydro is the only renewable energy source that works for you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In the first article in this series (HP103), I explained the basics of hydroelectric system theory, and ...

  • Two Technologies for Flow Measurement from Outside a Pipe

    Doppler and Transit Time are two very popular types of flow meter for non-invasive measurement of flow in full pipes. We tend to confuse these technologies because they are both ultrasonic and both measure flow by using sensors clamped onto the outside of a pipe. In the real world they actually work best in opposite applications. Success in your installation depends on understanding the ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Heuristic burst detection method using flow and pressure measurements

    Pipe bursts in a drinking water distribution system lead to water losses, interruption of supply, and damage to streets and houses due to the uncontrolled water flow. To minimize the negative consequences of pipe bursts, an early detection is necessary. This paper describes a heuristic burst detection method, which continuously compares measured and expected values of water demands and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration using 5 flow sensors saves the effort of extensive reconstruction measures

    "Abwasserzweckverband Breisgauer Bucht", a municipal association for sewage treatment in the south of Germany, operates a central wastewater treatment plant for its members (29 communities and cities). The WWTP covers a catchment area of 650km² and its treatment capacity is 600.000 population equivalents. The plant is treating wastewater from 375.000 residents as well as from industry and ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Measuring and interpreting gas flow from landfill boreholes case study

    Current landfill gas measurement practice for measuring the gas composition is well understood, and there are standard procedures and instruments available to analyse the gas. It is also current recognised practice to measure the gas 'flow' from boreholes to monitor the production of gas in a landfill site. If care is taken to make the measurement in the same way each time, changes in the ...


    By Geotech

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Non-contacting Ultrasonic Pumping Station Flow Measurement Saves Money for Dwr Cymru Welsh Water

    Dwr Cymru Welsh Water has benefitted from the unique 'Pumped Volume' feature built into Pulsar's Quantum 2 Pump Station Controller; identifying a flow problem within a pumping station network without the need for expensive Magflow meters. Once the issue was resolved, pumped volume through one of the stations was reduced by 88% , ...

  • Pure water pH measurement in low conductivity samples

    Normally, pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 uS/cm conductivity. The conductivity conies from dissolved solids, typically, salts plus net acid or base which explains the exhibited pH. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form, which makes such solutions conducting. With 1,000 uS/cm conductivity of mobile ions pH electrodes have a good circuit and give fast, ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Accurate management of waste water flow case study

    SmartScan 50O provides an accurate ultrasonic solution for flow measurement of waste water in a nation-wide advanced treatment plant. This wastewater treatment plant is located just outside a pop. 1 Million City. The plant provides wastewater treatment services for the municipality since 1999. The plant utilizes the latest technology of wastewater treatment that enables purification of ...

  • Monitoring Flow Rate in a Channel to Minimize Water Pollution

    Recently a wastewater management district in Cleveland contacted CAS DataLoggers to supply an automated monitoring solution for their environmental project. In most cities, sanitary sewers and storm sewers were separate, so that storm water was diverted into a nearby lake. However, Cleveland had only one sewer available, so all of the flow went to the ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

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