water flow rating Articles

  • Flow Rate Measurement in Full Pipes Using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Treating drinking water with 99% removal - Case Study

    QED E-Z Tray® Air Stripper Treating Drinking Water with 99% Removal in Cedarburg, Wisconsin In October 2011, the Cedarburg, Wisconsin Light and Water Utility installed a QED E-Z Tray® (U.S. Patent Number 5,518,668) Air Stripper in a discreet addition to their existing production pump building. The E-Z Tray 72.6 handles a flow rate of ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Monitoring Flow Rate in a Channel to Minimize Water Pollution

    Recently a wastewater management district in Cleveland contacted CAS DataLoggers to supply an automated monitoring solution for their environmental project. In most cities, sanitary sewers and storm sewers were separate, so that storm water was diverted into a nearby lake. However, Cleveland had only one sewer available, so all of the flow went to the ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • How viscosity affects flow rates?

    Choose the Best Peristaltic Pump for the Job! A frequent question regarding peristaltic pumps is how viscosity affects flow rate. The short answer is; as viscosity increases, flow rates decrease. That being said, there are various factors which need to be understood when considering a peristaltic pump for any application that requires pumping viscous fluids. The physical ...


    By Randolph Austin Company

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices (Part 2)

    Understanding Dynamic Particle Equilibrium in Closed Loop Systems Dynamic Equilibrium Condition (DEC) is defined as a steady state condition where the normal wear rate in a machine results in no net gain or loss of particles. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • E-Z Trays an Integral Part of Levelland`s Groundwater Treatment - Case Study

    QED E-Z Tray® Air Strippers an Integral Part of Levelland's Groundwater Treatment System The refinery at the former Motor Fuels Corporation produced all grades of gasoline, tractor fuels, diesel, distillate products, and fuel oils. It closed in 1954 after 15 years of operation, and the refinery equipment was removed by 1958. The property has since been redeveloped, but the ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Portable Monitoring Instruments Solve Flow Rate Mystery

    The Glen Walter Sewage Collection System was built to service 1080 customers in 1989. At the time the population was 850 but by 1995 the sewage treatment plant had already reached capacity. Shawn Killoran took over the Operations Manger position in 1999 and, along with the Mayor and Council, he immediately had concerns about the excess flow. The Township started by video taping all of the lines ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Flow & unload - hi-flow process increases well flow rate and acts as a temporary flow back handling system

    Problem In an effort to increase the flow rate through a well in the Gulf of Mexico and ultimately unload the well, a major operator required a means to increase the flow rate from 500 barrels of total fluids per day to at least 2,000 barrels per day. The operator required a system that could simultaneously increase the flow rate through the well while ensuring the resulting wastewater ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • ‘Math Solutions’ For Wastewater Operator Certification-Flow Rate Conversion calculations

    Water Online’s “Math Solutions” series, presented by wastewater consultant and trainer Dan Theobald (“Wastewater Dan”), instructs operators on Flow Rate Conversion calculations. http://www.wateronline.com/doc/math-solutions-flow-rate-conversions-0001 By Dan Theobald, ...

  • Specifying allowable leakage rates

    Introduction Allowable Leakage Rates or Action Leakage Rates (ALRs) are specified for installed geomembranes to quantify the maximum allowable liquid leakage. If the ALR is exceeded, corrective action must be taken to reduce the leakage rate below the set limit. To lower the leakage, the holes in the geomembrane are located and repaired. In some cases, the ALR is set so low that, ...

  • Case study - Water accountability portable monitoring instruments solve flow rate mystery

    The Glen Walter Sewage Collection System was built to service 1080 customers in 1989. At the time the population was 850 but by 1995 the sewage treatment plant had already reached capacity. Shawn Killoran took over the Operations Manger position in 1999 and, along with the Mayor and Council, he immediately had concerns about the excess flow. The Township started by video taping all of the lines ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the impact of water parameters on the flow rate of ceramic pot filters in a long-term experiment

    Poor water quality is a major contributing factor to disease in developing countries. Silver-coated ceramic pot filters (CPFs) are a relatively common form of household water treatment system (HWTS) representing an effective and sustainable technology for poor communities. Water production seems to be the major limiting factor of the CPF's lifetime and sustainability since low flow rates do ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of porous media on intrusion rate into water distribution pipes

    Untreated water can intrude into water distribution systems through pipe leaks and cracks when negative pressure events occur inside drinking water pipelines. The orifice equation is typically used for calculation of intrusion flow rate, which ignores the impact of the soil surrounding the pipeline. This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the effect of porous ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scottish Water Flow Monitoring Contracts

    Scottish Water commissioned HL in 2007 to deliver two separate flow monitoring contracts to help improve the water companies understanding of the yield and low flow conditions at several water supply catchments across Scotland. One project involved the installation of reservoir level, inflow flow gauges and recording raingauge devices in nine reservoir catchments in South West Scotland. Although ...

  • Evaluating performance of vertical flow constructed wetland under various hydraulic loading rates in effluent polishing

    The discharge of untreated wastewater or partially treated effluent and runoff from agricultural fields into water bodies is a major source of surface water pollution worldwide. To mitigate this problem, wastewater treatment using wastewater stabilization ponds and constructed wetlands have been promoted. The performance of such wastewater treatment systems is strongly dependent on their ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numerical simulations of corrosion product activity in the purification system of a typical PWR under nonlinearly rising corrosion and flow rate perturbations

    Numerical simulations of corrosion product activity in the purification system of a Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) are presented. The computer programme code Corrision Product Activity in Reactors (CPAIR-RC), developed by the authors, has been used to find corrosion product activity in the ion exchanger and filters of PWR under nonlinearly rising corrosion rates and flow rate perturbations. For ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling river discharge rates in California watersheds

    River discharge rates across all California's watershed have been modeled using the NASA version of the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) ecosystem model coupled with a surface hydrologic routing scheme previously called the Hydrological Routing Algorithm (HYDRA). To assess CASA-HYDRA's capability to estimate actual water flows in extreme and non-extreme precipitation years, we have ...


    By IWA Publishing

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