water hardness analyser Articles

  • Analysing four of the most contaminated foodstuffs

    Food adulteration has been around since the Victorian times when cheese was often coloured with lead salts, beer and milk were watered down and flour was bulked out with chalk dust or ground bones [1]. Governments apply stringent legislation and quality standards to food products but the practice of adulteration, driven by greed and profit, is still seen. ...


    By Specac Limited

  • New total hardness (Calcium and Magnesium) automated titration method case study

    MANTECH INC. is a leading manufacturer of automated multi-parameter, titration, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) laboratory and process instruments. MANTECH developed the first automated software based titration system in the world. By listening to our environmental customers, MANTECH understood the need to develop a new total hardness (calcium and magnesium) ...


    By MANTECH INC.

  • Solid waste management in Patna – analyses of ambient air and ground water pollution

    Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in Patna is disposed of in an unscientific manner without considering environmental impacts. The wastes are dumped in the low-lying areas without compliance of the MSWM Rules, 2000. The dumped wastes are mixed with biomedical wastes making it hazardous. Ambient air quality and ground water were analysed at two dump sites to study the possible impacts of MSW. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyses

    FTIR Spectroscopy FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epitreatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D faciltities, FTIR is applied to combustion ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Shell - produced water treatment

    Client: Shell Auk CETCO Oilfield Services mobilised an 18” diameter twin vessel CrudeSep® test skid and a RFV 3000 adsorption skid comprising of dual sock filter pods and two vessels holding adsorption media canisters. The CETCO equipment was tied in downstream of the existing WEMCO and hydrocylones and successfully treated produced water at a variety of rates. Samples were taken from a variety ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • LIMS and the Automation of the Water Lab

    (Reproduced by permission from Laboratorium Magazine) Europe’s most modern water lab is located in Leeuwarden, in the Netherlands. Vitens made a big splash when it brought this modern building, with its transparent design, into operation in January 2005. Many colleagues from Dutch and foreign labs are eager to visit this installation, where water control samples are routed automatically with the ...


    By STARLIMS Corporation

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Water Treatment Equipment Markets in China

    China’s demand for Water Treatment Equipment has grown at a fast pace in the past decade. In the next decade, both production and demand will continue to grow. The Chinese economy maintains a high speed growth which has been stimulated by the consecutive increases of industrial output, import & export, consumer consumption and capital investment for over two decades. This new study ...

  • Magnesium in drinking water – a case for prevention?

    Studies in many countries have demonstrated a relationship between drinking water mineral content and the risk of death in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Particularly strong relationships have been found for magnesium and it has been suggested that magnesium be added to drinking water. The aim of this article is to evaluate the validity of this suggestion by reviewing information on possible ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the Seasonal Changes in the Surface Water Chemistry of Museum Lake, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

    The surface water chemistry of Thiruvananthapuram Museum Lake was carried out in the period of February 2013 to January 2014. Correlation study of the parameters and overall CCME WQI (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Water quality Index) was also prepared in the study for the lake water. The parameters analysed are cations such as Ca2+, Na+, Mg2+ and K+ and the anions like PO4-, ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Drinking Water Treatment Municipality of Sainte-Geneviève de Batiscan, Quebec

    A number of Quebec municipalities are confronted with feedwater problems of a bacteriological or physicochemical nature hardness, manganese, iron, dissolved solids) in the production of their drinking water. In many cases, these water sources do not meet government quality standards for drinking water. Membrane filtration preceded by the appropriate pretreatments can be a solution. Piloting ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Water quality products - Scale Reduction Saving case study

    T he Greenfield Village mixed-use community, located at the southern end of the Salinas Valley in Greenfield, Calif., experienced significant problems caused by limescale buildup inside its 128 apartments’ water heaters and recirculation pumps. In the four years since the apartment complex was built, limescale buildup was so aggressive, that many of the water heaters and recirculation pumps ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Chemical analysis of drinking water of villages of Sanganer Tehsil, Jaipur District

    Abstract Due to pressure of human activity, urbanization and industrialization, the groundwater sources are degraded gradually; therefore pure, safe, healthy and odorless drinking water is a matter of deep concern. There are many pollutants in groundwater due to seepage viz. organic and inorganic pollutants, heavy metals, pesticides, fluorides etc. In Rajasthan state, all 32 districts are ...

  • Impact assessment of waste disposal on water quality of a freshwater reservoir of India

    Physico–chemical parameters and heavy metals were analysed in water samples, collected during rainy, winter and summer season of 2006–2007 to evaluate the impact of wastes on Halali reservoir. In surface water temperature, pH, TDS, EC, free CO2, DO, alkalinity, hardness and chloride were from 18.3–35.5°C, 7.4–8.9, 103–509 mg L−1, 162–800 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radio Solution brings real-time monitoring benefits for water supplier

    Introduction of wireless data collection and analysis improves leak detection and water supply efficiency Companies whose business is the delivery of water to consumers, do not only have a responsibility to provide high quality drinking water to both domestic and industrial users, but also to ensure that it is done so economically and reliably. The WLV association ...

  • What’s in those new plastic pipes delivering drinking water?

    Lingering questions leave some concerned about a new generation of plumbing material The calls and e-mails arrive as often as several times a week from people with concerns about drinking water. Some of the callers — who include homeowners, architects and builders — want to know why their water smells like gasoline. Others want to know which kinds of pipes to ...


    By Ensia

  • Tracer study to verify hydraulic limits and determine water residence times in a distribution system: Part I

    This study introduces a methodology for assessing the residence times of drinking water in distribution systems using a tracer. The injection of a tracer followed by an intensive sampling campaign was used to evaluate the residence times of water in Quebec City's main system, which is supplied by the St Charles River. Samples were also analysed to determine the hardness and conductivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the impact of industrial effluents on water quality of receiving rivers in urban areas of Malawi

    A study was carried out in Malawi to assess the extent of chemical pollution in a receiving river as affected by industrial effluents. Both the effluents and the water at selected points in the river were analysed for pH, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, electrical conductivity, suspended solids, nitrate, alkalinity, hardness, chloride and phosphate in the dry and rainy seasons. The ...

  • Impacts of liquefaction on the potable water system of Christchurch in the 2010–2011 Canterbury (NZ) earthquakes

    This paper explores the performance of the potable water system of Christchurch during the series of strong earthquakes that hit Canterbury, New Zealand, in 2010–2011. Widespread soil liquefaction, consequent ground deformation (failures) and large lateral spreads shattered the lifelines and infrastructure over approximately one-third of the city area. The wastewater system was hit ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A construction of water quality index considering physicochemical properties for drinking purposes in a rural settlement: a case study of Gajraula region, Ganga River Basin (North India)

    A simple methodology based on several key variables of groundwater chemistry is used to create a water quality index (WQI), with the aim of monitoring the influence of industrial and rapid urbanization on a typical rural settlement. The applicability of the constructed indices as an assessment and communication tool is evaluated in a case study of Gajraula and its suburb of JP Nagar district in ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you