water hardness analyzer Articles

  • Application notes: The Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzer: boiler water monitoring

    Background A boiler system is a semi-closed loop system in which water is heated and converted into steam to power a generator. The steam is then allowed to form a condensate and the process is repeated. Boiler water chemistry directly impacts boiler efficiency and fuel use. Improper water treatment allows scale formation and corrosion. Boiler scale and deposits form when impurities ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Hydrogen Chloride Analyzer (HCl, H2O)

    LGR's Hydrogen Chloride Analyzer (HCl, H2O) provides sensitive measurements of HCl in ambient air or in industrial process flows (e.g., coal and cement exhaust streams) with extremely high precision and sensitivity. No longer do you have to spend a lot of money or wait a long time to measure HCl with extremely high sensitivity – LGR's HCl Analyzer provides measurements every second with ...

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyzers

    FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epi-treatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D facilities, FTIR is applied to combustion thermodynamics and stack gas emissions; ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Preventing Rust Formation with Electronic Water Treatment

    The growing demand for water for industrial applications, power production and water supply has resulted in an increasing need for water treatment. The water used in industry comes from a range of sources such as rivers, lakes, wells and oceans and contains dissolved and suspended solids.  In addition the industrial world has to reuse water which in turn causes it to be highly concentrated ...

  • How Pepsi made water its sustainability cause

    The ever-increasing focus on sustainability by brands is like a rock thrown into a lake, the effects keep rippling outward. Suddenly, it isn't all about limiting interaction to times revolving around consumption. Companies are thinking about how the consumer can do more, positively impacting the environment during use or at disposal. And they're also going further and further up the supply ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • "A Non-Chemical Water Treatment for Cooling Towers"

    Untitled Document Introduction This paper will describe a case study of a ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • World’s 37 Most Water-Stressed Countries

    Providing stable freshwater supplies is a priority for every country in the world. Yet stable supplies are increasingly hard to come by in many countries, as water-related risks increase. For example, recent droughts threatened GDP growth in the United States. ...

  • How to Choose the Best Boiler Feed Water Treatment Technologies for Your Plant

    When it comes to choosing technology for boiler feed water treatment, knowing the feed water source quality in relation to the water quality required for your specific boiler is essential, as inadequate water treatment can lead to the scaling, corrosion, and fouling of the boiler and downstream equipment. We’ve mentioned this before in some of our previous boiler feed water treatment ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Common Boiler Feed Water Treatment Issues and How to Avoid Them

    When treating boiler feed water (the combination of boiler makeup and condensate return water), several issues can arise that cause boiler scaling, corrosion, fouling, and system failure. Below, we break down the most common boiler feed water issues and how to avoid them to help ensure system efficiency and operational safety. While treating boiler feed water is extremely ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • ASHRAE Standard 188P: Prevention of Legionellosis Associated with Building Water Systems

    For Presentation at the AWT 2011 Convention and Exposition  The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has developed a proposed Standard Practice that specifies what is required to prevent legionellosis associated with building water systems. Standard 188P is a “Practices” standard – not a “Design” or ...


    By Phigenics, LLC

  • What’s in those new plastic pipes delivering drinking water?

    Lingering questions leave some concerned about a new generation of plumbing material The calls and e-mails arrive as often as several times a week from people with concerns about drinking water. Some of the callers — who include homeowners, architects and builders — want to know why their water smells like gasoline. Others want to know which kinds of pipes to ...


    By Ensia

  • Chemical-Free Treatment of Recirculating Water Using Pulsed-Power

    Untitled Document Regulatory pressures and economic considerations require industry to become cleaner, more efficient, and more environmentally benign. Such operating principles advance not only ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Common Cooling Tower Water Treatment Problems and How to Solve Them

    For companies using cooling towers to remove heat from an industrial process or for cooling large buildings, there are several issues that can surface during the cooling tower water treatment process that we see on a regular basis. Because these issues occur often, it’s important to know what to look out for in advance, perhaps saving you some time and resources down the line. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Adaptive capacity, drought and the performance of community-based drinking water organizations in Costa Rica

    Community-based drinking water organizations (CBDWOs) are the most important providers of water in rural areas of the developing world. They are responsible for coping with future threats due to climate change, besides other non-climatic drivers of change such as demographic growth. The inherent capacities of CBDWOs to adapt to external drivers of change would be greatly conditioned by their ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comprehensive factorial design study of variables affecting CaCO3 scaling under magnetic water treatment

    Magnetic water treatment (MWT) could be an interesting alternative to chemical treatment to prevent scaling and has been used as an antiscaling treatment for domestic and industrial equipment. A two level-three factor (23) full factorial design was used to evaluate the effects of pH (6–7.5), flow rate (0.54–0.94) and application of a magnetic field on the induction time (IT), total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of Groundwater Quality Index of a Highland Village of Kerala (India) Using Geographical Information System

    In this study, the authors’ goal was to understand the groundwater quality of Nedumkandam panchayat by an integrated approach of traditional water quality analysis and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Fourteen wells were identified from the study area and samples were collected and analyzed using standard protocols (American Public Health Association, 1998). Parameters analyzed include pH, ...

  • Introduction to Ion Exchange Part 1

    IMPURITIES IN WATERWater is often referred to as the 'universal solvent' as it will dissolve small amounts of everything it touches. Water collects or dissolves a variety of mineral salts, organic compounds and suspended solids as it flows over the earth's surface and through the ground. These impurities make water undesirable for use in many applications. It is, therefore, important to ...


    By Kinetico Incorporated

  • Natural Gas Processing Case Study

    The Customer The Company is an exploration and production company that builds natural gas reserves through the acquisition and development of oil and gas assets across the U.S. They are one of the largest producers of natural gas in the Nation. The Process The Company uses multiple scrubbers to clean out the impurities of the natural gas that they ...

  • Reanalysis of uranium toxicity data for selected freshwater organisms and the influence of dissolved organic carbon

    The present study re‐analyzed 46 existing uranium (U) chronic toxicity datasets for four freshwater species to generate consistent toxicity measures and explore relationships between U toxicity and key physicochemical variables. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was consistently the best predictor of U toxicity based on 10% inhibitory concentration (IC10) and median inhibitory concentration (IC50) ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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