water hardness monitoring Articles

  • Monitoring of water node in wroclaw

    Background Wroclaw's water node has complicated structure. The river Odra has 3 main riverbeds and a lot of channels which are located in the centre of town. There are almost 100 hydro buildings which control flow of the water through the city and protect it against theflood. The great flood in 1997 proved that no one has control over it. Communication systems failure caused ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Energy cost reduction through online water quality monitoring

    Find out how high water hardness affects any sort of process water facility and how we can help you decrease your plant's operational costs. ...

  • Application notes: The Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzer: boiler water monitoring

    Background A boiler system is a semi-closed loop system in which water is heated and converted into steam to power a generator. The steam is then allowed to form a condensate and the process is repeated. Boiler water chemistry directly impacts boiler efficiency and fuel use. Improper water treatment allows scale formation and corrosion. Boiler scale and deposits form when impurities ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Radio Solution brings real-time monitoring benefits for water supplier

    Introduction of wireless data collection and analysis improves leak detection and water supply efficiency Companies whose business is the delivery of water to consumers, do not only have a responsibility to provide high quality drinking water to both domestic and industrial users, but also to ensure that it is done so economically and reliably. The WLV association ...

  • Unique Chinese wetland park monitors water 24/7

    Project background The Deyang area in southwest China was struck hard by an earthquake in 2008. Since then, reconstruction has taken place with a tremendous speed and the urban population grew exponentially. Due to this urbanisation, the city’s water supply system can not meet its rapidly growing water demand. Currently, two-thirds of ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Monitoring vibrations, mechanical seals, and bearings for safety and performance

    With more than 70 years of experience in plastics processing, Switzerland-based Quadrant Group is a leading expert in a wide range of polymer materials and technologies for polymer conversion. In order to maintain a high level of quality in the production process, Quadrant's heat-transfer pumps must work safely and reliably. These pumps are commonly subjected to high loads. At the same time, ...


    By ALLWEILER GmbH

  • Temperature and leak monitoring boosts safety and reliability

    Amcor Flexibles Singen GmbH is a manufacturer of printed and unprinted aluminum-based packaging materials and an experienced technical applications specialist. Its plant in Germany, equipped with rolling mills and finishing equipment, turns out approximately 200 million square meters of aluminum foil in various grades every year. High-performance drying equipment is essential for Amcor’s ...


    By ALLWEILER GmbH

  • City of Vancouver Landfill Environmental Monitoring Program

    The City of Vancouver owns and operates the Vancouver Landfill located in Delta, British Columbia. The Vancouver Landfill is a municipal solid waste landfill receiving approximately 400,000 tonnes per year of municipal solid waste. The total area of the Landfill is 635 hectares of which approximately 225 hectares has been filled since landfill operations commenced in 1966. As part of the ...


  • Data Requirements for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It is common for ground water to be contaminated with the water soluble substances found in overlying soils. Many of the required data elements are similar, e.g., pH, TOC, BOD, COD, oil and grease, contaminant identification and quantification, and soil and aquifer characterization. Additional water quality monitoring data elements include hardness, ammonia, total dissolved solids, and metals ...

  • Irradiation embrittlement monitoring procedures and results of reactor pressure vessels of the WWER type

    This paper describes part of a knowledge preservation programme coordinated by JRC Petten. The following issues are discussed and analysed: comparison of surveillance specimen results from WWER-440 and 1000 units; surveillance specimen programme modernisation based on the new philosophy and approaches; the efficiency of Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steel annealing by implementation of procedures ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • LIMS and the Automation of the Water Lab

    (Reproduced by permission from Laboratorium Magazine) Europe’s most modern water lab is located in Leeuwarden, in the Netherlands. Vitens made a big splash when it brought this modern building, with its transparent design, into operation in January 2005. Many colleagues from Dutch and foreign labs are eager to visit this installation, where water control samples are routed automatically with the ...


    By STARLIMS Corporation

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Integrating water with climate change adaptation plans

    This policy brief, published by the UK Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, argues that water resource management should not be overlooked in plans for climate change adaptation in Africa. Africa is vulnerable to climate change impacts which ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • The Low Down on Pipes: A Look at Municipal Water

    We manufacture our portable remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and pipe crawlers for a variety of different industries and applications. Due to their robust design and versatility, Deep Trekker products have proven to be the ideal tools for many professionals and ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Groundwater monitoring and assessment with ESdat environmental data management software and its use in groundwater remediation plans

    Groundwater investigations, contaminated/industrial sites, landfill and regulatory compliance are all ideal areas for environmental consultants and site managers, specializing in groundwater monitoring and assessment, to use environmental data management software. A successful groundwater ...

  • Reconstruction of river water quality missing data using artificial neural networks

    The monitoring of river water quality is important for human life and the health of the environment. However, water quality studies in many parts of the world, especially in developing countries, are restricted by the existence of missing data. In this study, the efficiency of the multilayer perceptron (MLP) and radial basis function (RBF) networks for recovering the missing values of 13 water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can incentives protect Canada’s clean water?

    Clean water is a vital, valuable resource for Canada. We drink it. We grow food with it. We generate power using it. We use it as an input to industry, from manufacturing to oil and gas production. We swim, splash, and paddle our canoes in it. And clean water isn’t valuable just to humans; it also underpins essential ecosystems all over the country. But do our policies reflect the ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Water quality characteristics of Densu River basin in south-east Ghana

    Water quality of the Densu River was studied by determining the levels of various physico-chemical parameters including trace metals for planning of the basin. The pH range (7.40–8.22) fell within the natural background level 6.5–8.5. The river was moderately hard with high turbidity due to poor farming practices, which result in large quantities of topsoil ending up in the river after rains. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Is a Cooling Tower Water Treatment System and How Does It Work?

    For industrial companies using a cooling tower for its facility, some type of cooling tower water treatment system is usually necessary to ensure an efficient process and long equipment service life. If cooling tower water is left untreated, organic growth, fouling, scaling, and corrosion can reduce plant productivity, cause plant downtime, and require costly equipment replacements down the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

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