water hygiene test Articles

  • Constraints on foreign aid effectiveness in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) sector

    Numerous studies have sought to empirically test the effectiveness of foreign aid as a tool for international development, with often inconsistent or contradictory results. New sources of disaggregated aid data now allow researchers to test the impact of individual sectors of aid on sector-specific outcomes. The paper investigates the effectiveness of foreign aid in the water, sanitation, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Importance of Water Testing After Natural Disasters

    In the aftermath of a natural disaster, particularly earthquakes, infrastructure could be damaged and a safe source of drinking water is often not available. This may be due to damaged pipes or water supplies becoming contaminated. Our colleagues at Oxfamstate; “In the initial phases of an emergency it should be assumed that all water sources are contaminated ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Assessment of personal hygiene and sanitation using a composite index among adolescent girls and their households in urban slums of Pune, Maharashtra

    The assessment of hygiene and sanitation in urban slums is essential to identify adolescent health needs. A tool that comprised of three domains and 13 variables including drinking water index (DWI), personal hygiene index (PHI) and household hygiene index (HHI) was developed and tested among 60 households. Observations were repeated after 6 weeks. Cronbach's alpha was used to test the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Microbiological water quality and sampling policy of public swimming pools

    Water samples collected from 100 public swimming pools in the West Bank of the Palestine by health inspectors. The samples were tested for microbiological quality for the years 2003, 2004 and 2005. The overall of unaccepted tested swimming pool water samples were as follows: 35.8% for total Coliforms (TC), 24.4% for faecal Coliforms (FC), 36% for Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC), 39.3% Enterococci ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empowering rural communities: simple Water Safety Plans

    Every year 2800 deaths in Pacific island countries result from diarrhoea, and most are children under five years of age. These tragic diarrheal deaths are preventable as they are often linked to unsafe water, lack of proper sanitation facilities and poor hygienic practices. Effective preventive management through the framework of a drinking Water Safety Plan (WSP) is an efficient mechanism for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 5 Common questions about fluoride in water

    Fluoride in water can be both naturally occurring, or artificially added. In the latter case, this is usually with the objective of aiding oral hygiene in populated areas. Because of its controlled addition in many water systems around the world, it has become associated with a number of different controversies, myths and confusion. Whether you are interested in monitoring fluoride in ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Sanitation and water supply in schools and girls' educational progression in Zambia

    There is much anecdotal evidence related to the importance of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in schools for girls' educational progression, yet a lack of comprehensive quantitative studies on linkages between WASH and educational indicators disaggregated by gender and grade. This paper aims to fill that gap by testing the hypothesis that the presence of water and sanitation facilities in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cyclospora cayetanensis travels in tap water on Italian trains

    Tap water samples from the toilets of an Italian national railway train were collected over a period of 10 months and tested for the presence of Cyclospora cayetanensis (C. cayetanensis) using EvaGreen® real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay coupled with high resolution melting (HRM) analysis for protozoan detection and oocyst quantification. C. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reference: Outstanding technology delivers outstanding potable water

    Outstanding technology delivers outstanding potable water High-tech comes to the Sauerland region: To supply potable water, Stadtwerke Sundern uses state-of-the-art technology. When the time came to modernise their three waterworks, the first-class quality of ProMinent's products and systems was the deciding factor. Key figures ...

  • Extensive Solutions for Removing Arsenic from Your Drinking Water

    You may not be aware that your water supply has unsafe levels of arsenic in it. If testing proves this to be the case, you must immediately find a form of arsenic water treatment to help you have access to clean drinking water again. Arsenic is a poisonous substance that has innumerable negative health effects on humans. There are several methods of performing arsenic removal from ...

  • Cleaning Carpets Using Hot Water Carpet Cleaning Machines

    Carpet cleaning machines are multifunctional systems used for cleaning carpets, rugs, upholstery, and curtains. These machines are indispensable to commercial establishments, such as shops, offices, hotels, conference halls, theaters, and other places with large carpeted areas. Carpet cleaning machines have made the carpet shampooing process more productive and more efficient. These machines ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Things You Should Know about Your Reusable Water Bottle

    Reusable water bottles are everywhere; on office desks, in gym bags, and in kids’ backpacks. And while it’s inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and incredibly convenient to stop by any tap or fountain for a quick refill, there are a few things to remember about these reusable bottles. Actually, there are a few things to remember about microorganisms: many of them love warmth, ...

  • Improved Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Water by SPME and GC/MS: ISO Standard 17943

    The analysis of water for volatile organic compounds is important due to their toxicity.The current methods for this determination lack of sensitivity, selectivity or capability for automation. This paper presents the new ISO 17943 Standard using Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) and GC/MS. The sample preparation by SPME enables limits of detection and easy automation of the whole method. GC/MS ...

  • The effect of the surface-to-volume contact ratio on the biomass production potential of the pipe products in contact with drinking water

    The biomass production potential (BPP) test is a semi-static test for assessment of microbial growth promoting properties of construction products in contact with drinking water (CPDW). In 2003 the test was selected for incorporation into a scheme for acceptance of CPDW in the framework of implementation of the European Construction Product Directive and Drinking Water Directive. The pass/fail ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Raising effective awareness for domestic water saving: evidence from an environmental educational programme in Greece

    This paper looks into awareness of water saving amongst students and their parents, and how it interacts with their intentions to use water saving technology or to adopt water saving practices. To investigate this interaction, surveys were run through educational programmes aimed at eliciting both the intentions of students and the indirect effects of their parents; surveys were taken before and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cedar Rapids Flooding case study

    Services Performed Emergency remediation response, industrial hygiene, asbestos consulting and mold/indoor air quality (IAQ) testing Summary During the summer of 2008, major flooding of the Cedar River occurred which covered the downtown area in floodwaters. Many buildings including municipal and county government facilities needed to be cleaned, repaired and ...


    By EFI Global, Inc.

  • Proven Protection In The World`s First Antimicrobial Classroom

    The scientists at BioCote® recently ran a live test to measure and compare the number of bacteria in two classrooms in the same primary school. This was a world first as never before had an antimicrobial classroom been put under the microscope. The objective was to see how well BioCote antimicrobial protection performs in the classroom environment in banishing bacteria. How the Study was ...

  • Highest Demands on the Fitting Technology

    Protecting our environment requires sophisticated plant and process technology. Thus, the requirements of the planners and operators of systems for water technology to the reliability and reliability of the fittings are used. In addition, planners, plant constructors, as well as the operators in the selection of the valves oriented from an economic point of view increasingly oriented to ...


    By Adamant Valves

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